Efectos del entrenamiento con movimientos de halterofilia en el rendimiento de esprint, salto y cambio de dirección en deportistas: Una revisión sistemática (Effects of weightlifting training on sprint, jump and change of direction performance in athlete

Una revisión sistemática.


  • Cristián Andrés Mateluna Núñez Facultad Educación y Ciencias Sociales. Universidad Andres Bello, Chile
  • Juan Pablo Zavala-Crichton
  • Matías Monsalves-Álvarez
  • Jorge Olivares-Arancibia
  • Rodrigo Yáñez-Sepúlveda



Palabras clave:

Entrenamiento de fuerza, Rendimiento deportivo, Derivados del levantamiento de pesas, Entrenamiento de potencia, Taza de desarrollo de fuerza., (Strength training, Sport performance, Weightlifting derivatives, Power training, Rate force of development)



La capacidad de generar máxima potencia neuromuscular es el factor más importante y determinante en el rendimiento atlético. Debido a esto, el entrenamiento con movimientos de Halterofilia (EMH) y sus derivados es uno de los métodos más usados, ya que la evidencia muestra que genera adaptaciones de fuerza-potencia superiores comparadas con el entrenamiento de fuerza tradicional, de salto y de kettlebells. Objetivo: Identificar los efectos del EMH en la capacidad de salto, esprint y cambio de dirección (COD) en población deportista. Método: Se realizó una búsqueda exhaustiva en diferentes bases de datos, como PUBMED, Sportdiscus (EBSCO), Scopus y Web of Science (WOS) bajo modelo PRISMA. Los trabajos revisados fueron experimentales con y sin grupo de control, entre los años 2000 y 2020. Resultados: El EMH produce mejoras significativas en las capacidades de salto, de esprint y de COD en población deportista. Conclusión: El EMH genera mejoras significativas en el rendimiento de salto, carreras y cambio de dirección bajo distintos protocolos. Existe evidencia que sustenta la aplicación de EMH, recomendando sus derivados centrados en el segundo tirón y aquellos que utilicen el ciclo de estiramiento-acortamiento en sus variantes colgantes.

Abstract: The ability to generate maximum power is the most important and determining neuromuscular function in sports performance. Therefore, weightlifting training (WT) and its derivatives is one of the most widely used methods, generating superior strength-power adaptations compared to traditional strength training, jumping and kettlebell training. Objective: To identify the effects of WT on the ability to jump, sprint and change of direction (COD) in athletes. Method: An exhaustive search was carried out in different databases, such as PUBMED, Sportdiscus (EBSCO), Scopus and Web of Science (WOS) under the PRISMA model. The reviewed papers were experimental with and without a control group, between the years 2000 and 2020. Results: The WT produces significant improvements in jump, sprint and in change of direction capacities in the sport population. Conclusion: WT generates significant improvements in jumping, running and change of direction performance under different protocols. There is evidence supporting the use of WT, suggesting its derivatives focused on the second pull and those that use the stretch-shortening cycle in their hanging variants.


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Cómo citar

Mateluna Núñez, C. A., Zavala-Crichton, J. P., Monsalves-Álvarez, M., Olivares-Arancibia, J., & Yáñez-Sepúlveda, R. (2022). Efectos del entrenamiento con movimientos de halterofilia en el rendimiento de esprint, salto y cambio de dirección en deportistas: Una revisión sistemática (Effects of weightlifting training on sprint, jump and change of direction performance in athlete: Una revisión sistemática. Retos, 44, 464–476. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v44i0.88670



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