Velocidad de la prueba sentado-de pie de cinco repeticiones en adultos mayores: Una revisión sistemática (Velocity of the Five Sit-to-Stand Test in Older Adults: A Systematic Review)

Autores/as

  • Daniel Jerez-Mayorga Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences Laboratory, School of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Universidad Andres Bello, Santiago, Chile. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6878-8004
  • Claudia Miranda-Fuentes Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences Laboratory, School of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Universidad Andres Bello, Santiago, Chile. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1215-2330
  • Julieta Pérez-Doncel Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences Laboratory, School of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Universidad Andres Bello, Santiago, Chile.
  • Bárbara Rool-Maureira Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences Laboratory, School of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Universidad Andres Bello, Santiago, Chile.
  • Francisca Saavedra-Rincón Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences Laboratory, School of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Universidad Andres Bello, Santiago, Chile.
  • Rocío Zambra-Álvarez Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences Laboratory, School of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Universidad Andres Bello, Santiago, Chile.
  • Leonardo Intelangelo Musculoskeletal Research Group, University Center for Assistance, Teaching and Research, University of Gran Rosario, Rosario, Argentina. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2417-7914
  • Francisco Guede-Rojas Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences Laboratory, School of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Universidad Andres Bello, Santiago, Chile. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1870-1396

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v45i0.92502

Palabras clave:

adulto mayor, Geriatría, Desempeño Físico Funcional, Fuerza Muscular, Limitación de Movilidad, (Aged; Geriatrics; Physical Functional Performance; Muscle Strength; Mobility Limitation)

Resumen

El propósito de este estudio fue determinar los valores de referencia de la prueba sentado-de pie de cinco repeticiones en adultos mayores a través de una revisión sistemática de la literatura. La revisión siguió las recomendaciones de la declaración PRISMA. Se revisaron tres bases de datos: Medline (PubMed), Scopus y Web of Science. Los términos de búsqueda fueron: "sit to stand" OR "stand to sit" OR "chair rise" OR "chair rising" AND "kinematic" OR "velocity". Los estudios experimentales se evaluaron mediante la escala QUADAS. Se incluyó un total de siete estudios. La velocidad de ejecución en adultos mayores que presentaban condiciones de salud neurológica estuvo entre 0.33 m/s y 0.38 m/s. En sujetos sanos estuvo entre 0.27 m/s y 0.94 m/s. Entre 60 a 70 años fue de 0.31 m/s y 1.59 m/s, y de 70 a 80 años fue de 0.27 m/s y 1.04 m/s. La velocidad de ejecución de la prueba sentado-de pie de cinco repeticiones en adultos mayores varía desde un mínimo de 0.27 m/s hasta un máximo de 1.59 m/s. Estos antecedentes pueden ser útiles para predecir o detectar alteraciones funcionales y discapacidad.

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Publicado

2022-06-21

Cómo citar

Jerez-Mayorga, D., Miranda-Fuentes, C., Pérez-Doncel, J., Rool-Maureira, B., Saavedra-Rincón, F., Zambra-Álvarez, R., Intelangelo, L., & Guede-Rojas, F. (2022). Velocidad de la prueba sentado-de pie de cinco repeticiones en adultos mayores: Una revisión sistemática (Velocity of the Five Sit-to-Stand Test in Older Adults: A Systematic Review). Retos, 45, 714–722. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v45i0.92502

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