Una escuela con un plan de estudios de Bachillerato Internacional y su relación con la actividad física (A school with the International Baccalaureate curriculum and its relation with physical activity)

  • Joao Cheira Universidade da Coruña
  • Adilson Marques
  • João Martins
  • Miguel Peralta
  • Miguel Ángel González Valeiro
Palabras clave: escuela; educación física; actividad física; deporte escolar; Currículo del Bachillerato Internacional., ( school; physical education; physical activity; school sports; curriculum International Baccalaureate)

Resumen

Este estudio analizó la oferta de un colegio internacional con el plan de estudios de Bachillerato Internacional (BI) para que los alumnos, de ambos géneros, puedan cumplir con las recomendaciones de actividad física (AF) de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS). Participaron 236 estudiantes (118 niños y 118 niñas) de 10 a 17 años, el director de la escuela y un grupo focal de 12 estudiantes. Se utilizaron métodos mixtos, a través de una entrevista con el director de la escuela, un grupo focal de estudiantes y cuestionarios aplicados a los estudiantes. Se evaluaron: frecuencia en Deporte Escolar (DE); la percepción de la carga de trabajo de DE; perspectivas sobre el currículo del BI y el entorno físico y social de la escuela. Después de los análisis, se encontró que hay más niños que niñas que cumplen con las recomendaciones de AF de la OMS, que los estudiantes solo pueden cumplir estas recomendaciones con actividades realizadas en el colegio y que el currículo del IB permite a los estudiantes practicar deportes variados de diferentes países.

Abstract. This study analysed what does an international school with the curriculum International Baccalaureate (IB) offer so that students from both genders can fulfil the recommendations for physical activity from the World Health Organization (WHO). A total of 236 (118 boys and 118 girls) students, ages between 10 and 17 years old participated in the study, the school principal and a focus group of 12 students also participated in the study. Mix methods were used, through interview with the school principal, focus group and the questionnaires applied to the students. It was assessed: frequency in the school sports; perception of the time given to school sports; perspectives about the IB curriculum; the physical and social environment of the school. After the analysis, it was possible to verify that there are more boys than girls following the recommendations of physical activity of the WHO. And also, that it is possible for students to follow those recommendations just with activities performed in school and that the IB curriculum gives the students the chance of practicing a variety of sports that come from different parts of the world.

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Publicado
2021-06-11
Cómo citar
Cheira, J., Marques, A., Martins, J., Peralta, M., & González Valeiro, M. Ángel. (2021). Una escuela con un plan de estudios de Bachillerato Internacional y su relación con la actividad física (A school with the International Baccalaureate curriculum and its relation with physical activity). Retos, 42, 705-713. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v42i0.88063
Sección
Artículos de carácter científico: trabajos de investigaciones básicas y/o aplicadas