Economía circular: un reto para las instituciones deportivas latinoamericanas (Circular economy: a challenge for latin american sports institutions)

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v44i0.90901

Palabras clave:

Palabras claves: Economía Circular en el Deporte, Medioambiente, Sistema de gestión en el deporte, Materiales Deportivos, Reutilización de materiales deportivos, Reducción de materias primas., ( Circular Economy in Sports, Environment, Sports management system, Sports Materials, Reuse of sports materials, Reduction of raw materials)

Resumen

 

La literatura existente aún no proporciona una orientación suficiente con respecto a la asignación de ciertos recursos al final de su vida útil entre los puntos de reciclaje para maximizar la economía circular y los resultados de sostenibilidad en organizaciones deportivas. Tampoco se evidencian cuáles son los elementos de la economía circular para las organizaciones deportivas latinoamericanas. En tal sentido, el objetivo de esta investigación es concebir un modelo de economía circular para las organizaciones deportivas latinoamericanas. La investigación parte de un análisis teórico y metodológico el cual permite la generación y validación de 21 indicadores, agrupados en seis variables, que se utilizan en el diagnóstico, diseño del modelo y la validación de los resultados. El diagnóstico realizado en cinco países: Cuba, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador y Argentina. Entre los principales resultados se obtuvo que el Sistema de gestión en el deporte, no constituye un factor analizado desde la perspectiva de la economía circular en el deporte. La selección de proveedores deportivo no es coherente con el medioambiente y se refleja en el consumo de materiales deportivos, indicador con menor carga factorial. El clúster jerárquico permitió agrupar las variables en dos grupos al que se les denominó Potenciadores y Determinantes de la economía circular, respectivamente. 

Summary: The existing literature does not yet provide sufficient guidance regarding the allocation of certain end-of-life resources between recycling points to maximize circular economy and sustainability outcomes in sports organizations. Nor is it evident what the elements of the circular economy are for Latin American sports organizations. In this sense, the objective of this research is to conceive a circular economy model for Latin American sports organizations. The research starts from a theoretical and methodological analysis which allows the generation and validation of 21 indicators, grouped into six variables, which are used in the diagnosis, design of the model and the validation of the results. The diagnosis made in five countries: Cuba, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador and Argentina. Among the main results, it was obtained that the Management System in sport does not constitute a factor analyzed from the perspective of the circular economy in sport. The selection of sports suppliers is not consistent with the environment and is reflected in the consumption of sports materials, an indicator with a lower factor load. The hierarchical cluster allowed the variables to be grouped into two groups called Enhancers and Determinants of the circular economy, respectively.

Biografía del autor/a

Yahilina Silveira Pérez, Universidad de Sucre. Colombia

LIcenciada en Eonomía, Docora en Ciencias Económicas, Docente titular de la Universidad de Sucre. Colombia, Vicepresidenta de la Red GADE

José Ramón Sanabria Navarro, Corporación Universitaria del Caribe

Licenciado en Cultura Física, Doctor en Ciencias de la Cultura Física, Docente titular de la Corporación Universitaria del Caribe. Colombia, Presidente de la RED GADE

Lisbet Guillén Pereira, UNIVERSIDAD CENTRAL DEL ECUADOR

LIcenciada en Cultura Física, Máster en Entrenamiento Deportivo, Doctora en Ciencias de la Cultura Física, Docente de la Universidad Centtral del Ecuador.

Héctor Ramiro Mediavilla Ruiz, UNIVERSIDAD CENTRAL DEL ECUADOR

LIcenciado en Cultura Física, Maestría en Entrenamiento Deportivo de la Universidad Central del Ecuador, Cinturón Negro 1° Dan en Taekwondo

Cristian Patricio Mediavilla Ruiz, UNIVERSIDAD CENTRAL DEL ECUADOR

Licenciado en Cultura Física Mención Docencia en Cultura Física, entrenador deportivo de Baloncesto en la Dirección Metropolitana de Deporte y Recreación

Nelly Paola Armas Castañeda, Universidad Metropolitana del Ecuador

Magister en Mercadotecnia, Directora de la Carrera de Mercadotecnia y Publicidad de la Universidad Metropolitana, docente y especialista en Marketing

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2022-04-01

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Silveira Pérez, Y., Sanabria Navarro, J. R., Guillén Pereira, L., Mediavilla Ruiz, H. R., Mediavilla Ruiz, C. P., & Armas Castañeda, N. P. (2022). Economía circular: un reto para las instituciones deportivas latinoamericanas (Circular economy: a challenge for latin american sports institutions). Retos, 44, 309–318. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v44i0.90901

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