Los ejercicios unilaterales de fortalecimiento de los músculos isquiotibiales pueden mejorar la asimetría de los isquiotibiales y aumentar el rendimiento de salto en atletas de bádminton de sub-élite (Unilateral Hamstring Muscle Strengthening Exercises Can Improve Hamstring Asymmetry and Increase Jumping Performance in Sub-Elite Badminton Athletes)

Autores/as

  • Oce Wiriawan Department of Sport Coaching Education, Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences, Universitas Negeri Surabaya
  • Afif Rusdiawan Department of Sport Coaching Education, Faculty of Sport Science and Health, Universitas Negeri Surabaya https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5388-7061
  • Donny Ardy Kusuma Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences, Universitas Negeri Surabaya https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8566-1152
  • Awang Firmansyah Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences, Universitas Negeri Surabaya
  • José Vicente García-Jiménez University of Murcia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7731-2609
  • Muhammad Ikhwan Zein Faculty of Sport Sciences, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3728-5065
  • Ratko Pavlovic Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, University of East Sarajevo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4007-4595
  • Agnieszka Magdalena Nowak Faculty of Rehabilitation, Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw
  • Nugroho Susanto Department of Sport Science, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Padang
  • Adi Pranoto Doctoral Program of Medical Science, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4080-9245

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v54.103783

Palabras clave:

Hamstring Asymmetry, Jump performance, Unilateral exercise

Resumen

Este estudio tuvo como objetivo determinar el efecto de 10 semanas de entrenamiento unilateral sobre la asimetría y el rendimiento de salto en atletas de bádminton de subélite. En este estudio se tomaron como muestras 23 de 41 atletas de bádminton que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. Las muestras seleccionadas recibirán intervenciones de ejercicio unilaterales en forma de ejercicios de curl de isquiotibiales con pelota suiza y puente de una sola pierna durante diez semanas con una frecuencia de ejercicio 3 veces por semana. Los datos se recopilaron dos veces antes de realizar la intervención (preprueba) y después de la intervención (postprueba). La medición utiliza la prueba de Norbord para determinar la condición de asimetría de los isquiotibiales y la prueba de salto de salto con contramovimiento (CMJ) para determinar la altura del salto. Los resultados mostraron que hubo una disminución significativa en el porcentaje de asimetría de los isquiotibiales p ≤ 0,001 (Pretest: 20,26±10,25 % a Postest: 9,20±3,51 %) y tiene un tamaño de efecto grande con un valor d de Cohen de 1,443, y un aumento en altura de salto p ≤ 0.001 (Pretest: 33.06±4.93 cm a Postest: 35.17±4.54 cm) y tiene un tamaño del efecto medio con un valor d de Cohen de 0.447. La conclusión es que 30 ejercicios unilaterales durante diez semanas pueden mejorar la asimetría de los isquiotibiales por encima del 10% y aumentar el rendimiento de salto en deportistas de bádminton.

Palabras clave: Asimetría de los isquiotibiales, rendimiento del salto, ejercicio unilateral

Abstract. This study aimed to determine the effect of 10 weeks of unilateral training on asymmetry and jumping performance in sub-elite badminton athletes. 23 out of 41 badminton athletes who met the inclusion criteria were taken as samples in this study. Selected samples will be given unilateral exercise interventions in the form of Swiss ball hamstring curl exercises and single leg bridge for ten weeks with a frequency of exercise 3 times a week. Data were collected two times before the intervention (pretest) was given and after the intervention (posttest). The measurement uses the Norbord test to determine the condition of hamstring asymmetry and the Counter Movement Jump (CMJ) jump test to determine jump height. The results showed that there was a significant decrease in the percentage of hamstring asymmetry p ≤ 0.001 (Pretest: 20.26±10.25 % to Posttest: 9.20±3.51 %) and has a large effect size with a Cohen's d value of 1.443, and an increase in jump height p ≤ 0.001 (Pretest: 33.06±4.93 cm to Posttest: 35.17±4.54 cm) and has a medium effect size with a Cohen's d value of 0.447. The conclusion is that 30 unilateral exercises for ten weeks can improve hamstring asymmetry above 10% and increase jumping performance in badminton athletes.

Keywords: Hamstring Asymmetry, Jump performance, Unilateral exercise

 

Citas

Adrian, V., & Petru, A. V. (2021). Improving muscle size with Weider ’ s principle of progressive overload in non-performance athletes Improving muscle size with Weider ’ s principle of progressive overload in non-performance athletes. Timişoara Physical Education and Rehabilitation Journal, 14(23), 27–32. https://doi.org/10.2478/tperj-2021-0011

Afonso, J., Peña, J., Sá, M., Virgile, A., García-de-Alcaraz, A., & Bishop, C. (2022). Why Sports Should Embrace Bilateral Asymmetry: A Narrative Review. Symmetry, 14(10). https://doi.org/10.3390/sym14101993

Andersen, V., Fimland, M. S., Brennset, Haslestad, L. R., Lundteigen, M. S., Skalleberg, K., & Saeterbakken, A. H. (2014). Muscle activation and strength in squat and bulgarian squat on stable and unstable surface. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 35(14), 1196–1202. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0034-1382016

Anicic, Z., Janicijevic, D., Knezevic, O. M., Garcia-Ramos, A., Petrovic, M. R., Cabarkapa, D., & Mirkov, D. M. (2023). Assessment of Countermovement Jump: What Should We Report? Life 2023, Vol. 13, Page 190, 13(1), 190. https://doi.org/10.3390/LIFE13010190

Appleby, B. B., Cormack, S. J., & Newton, R. U. (2020). Unilateral and Bilateral Lower-Body Resistance Training Does not Transfer Equally to Sprint and Change of Direction Performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 34(1), 54–64. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000003035

Arede, J., Leite, N., Tous-Fajardo, J., Bishop, C., & Gonzalo-Skok, O. (2022). Enhancing High-Intensity Actions During a Basketball Game After a Strength Training Program With Random Recovery Times Between Sets. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 36(7), 1989–1997. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000004002

Arnason, A., Andersen, T. E., Holme, I., Engebretsen, L., & Bahr, R. (2008). Prevention of hamstring strains in elite soccer: an intervention study. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 18(1), 40–48. https://doi.org/10.1111/J.1600-0838.2006.00634.X

Bell, D. R., Sanfilippo, J. L., Binkley, N., & Heiderscheit, B. C. (2014). Lean Mass Asymmetry Influences Force and Power Asymmetry During Jumping in Collegiate Athletes. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 28(4), 884–891. https://doi.org/DOI: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000367

Bettariga, F., Maestroni, L., Martorelli, L., Jarvis, P., Turner, A., & Bishop, C. (2022). The Effects of a Unilateral Strength and Power Training Intervention on Inter-Limb Asymmetry and Physical Performance in Male Amateur Soccer Players. Journal of Science in Sport and Exercise, October. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42978-022-00188-8

Bettariga, F., Turner, A., Maloney, S., Maestroni, L., Jarvis, P., & Bishop, C. (2022). The Effects of Training Interventions on Interlimb Asymmetries: A Systematic Review with Meta-analysis. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 44(5), 69–86. https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0000000000000701

Bishop, C., Manuel, J., Drury, B., Beato, M., & Turner, A. (2022). Assessing Eccentric Hamstring Strength Using the NordBord: Between-Session Reliability and Interlimb Asymmetries in Professional Soccer Players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 36(9), 2552–2557. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000004303

Bishop, C., Turner, A., Jarvis, P., Chavda, S., & Read, P. (2017). Considerations for Selecting Field-Based Strength and Power Fitness Tests to Measure Asymmetries. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 31(9), 2635–2644. https://doi.org/DOI: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000002023

Bishop, C., Turner, A., & Read, P. (2018). Effects of inter-limb asymmetries on physical and sports performance: a systematic review. Journal of Sports Sciences, 36(10), 1135–1144. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2017.1361894

Bogdanis, G. C., Tsoukos, A., Kaloheri, O., Terzis, G., Veligekas, P., & Brown, L. E. (2019). Comparison Between Unilateral and Bilateral Plyometric Training on Single- and Double-Leg Jumping Performance and Strength. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 33(3), 633–640. https://doi.org/DOI: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000001962

Bourne, M. N., Williams, M. D., Opar, D. A., Al Najjar, A., Kerr, G. K., & Shield, A. J. (2017). Impact of exercise selection on hamstring muscle activation. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 51(13), 1021–1028. https://doi.org/10.1136/BJSPORTS-2015-095739

Bradley, P. S., & Portas, M. D. (2007). The relationship between preseason range of motion and muscle strain injury in elite soccer players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 21(4), 1155–1159. https://doi.org/10.1519/R-20416.1

Brearley, S., & Bishop, C. (2019). Transfer of training: How specific should we be? Strength and Conditioning Journal, 41(3), 97–109. https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0000000000000450

Chaabene, H., Behm, D. G., Negra, Y., & Granacher, U. (2019). Acute Effects of Static Stretching on Muscle Strength and Power: An Attempt to Clarify Previous Caveats. Frontiers in Physiology, 10(November). https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2019.01468

Chavarro-Nieto, C., Beaven, M., Gill, N., & Hébert-Losier, K. (2022). Reliability of Repeated Nordic Hamstring Strength in Rugby Players Using a Load Cell Device. Sensors, 22(24). https://doi.org/10.3390/s22249756

Cheah, P. Y., Cheong, J. P. G., Razman, R., & Abidin, N. E. Z. (2017). Comparison of Vertical Jump Height Using the Force Platform and the Vertec. 155–158. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-3737-5

Croisier, J. L., Ganteaume, S., Binet, J., Genty, M., & Ferret, J. M. (2008). Strength imbalances and prevention of hamstring injury in professional soccer players: A prospective study. Isokinetics and Exercise Science, 16(3), 1469–1475. https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546508316764

Cuthbert, M., Comfort, P., Ripley, N., Mcmahon, J. J., Evans, M., & Bishop, C. (2021). Unilateral vs . bilateral hamstring strength assessments : comparing reliability and inter-limb asymmetries in female soccer players. Journal of Sports Sciences, 00(00), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2021.1880180

Ercan, A. O., Kerem, A. H., & Kunduracioglu, B. (2019). Comparing FMS and nordbord scores in professional football athletes with prior hamstring injuries. Journal of Orthopaedics Trauma Surgery and Related Research, 14(3).

Fitzpatrick, D. A., Cimadoro, G., & Cleather, D. J. (2019). The Magical Horizontal Force Muscle? A Preliminary Study Examining the “Force-Vector” Theory. Sports 2019, Vol. 7, Page 30, 7(2), 30. https://doi.org/10.3390/SPORTS7020030

Freckleton, G., Cook, J., & Pizzari, T. (2014). The predictive validity of a single leg bridge test for hamstring injuries in Australian Rules Football Players. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 48(8), 713–717. https://doi.org/10.1136/BJSPORTS-2013-092356

Gabbe, B. J., Bennell, K. L., Finch, C. F., Wajswelner, H., & Orchard, J. W. (2006). Predictors of hamstring injury at the elite level of Australian football. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 16(1), 7–13. https://doi.org/10.1111/J.1600-0838.2005.00441.X

Gathercole, R. J., Stellingwerff, T., & Sporer, B. C. (2015). Effect of acute fatigue and training adaptation on countermovement jump performance in elite snowboard cross athletes. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 29(1), 37–46. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000622

Gonzalez Vargas, J. M., & Gallardo Pérez, J. M. (2023). Descriptive analysis of physical performance variables in a Chilean women’s first division football team. Retos, 48, 657–666. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v48.95406.

Gonzalo-Skok, O., Tous-Fajardo, J., Suarez-Arrones, L., Arjol-Serrano, J. L., Casajús, J. A., & Mendez-Villanueva, A. (2017). Single-leg power output and between-limbs imbalances in team-sport players: Unilateral versus bilateral combined resistance training. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 12(1), 106–114. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2015-0743

Gonzalo-Skok, O., Tous-Fajardo, J., Valero-Campo, C., Berzosa, C., Bataller, A. V., Arjol-Serrano, J. L., Moras, G., & Mendez-Villanueva, A. (2017). Eccentric-overload training in team-sport functional performance: Constant bilateral vertical versus variable unilateral multidirectional movements. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 12(7), 951–958. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2016-0251

Grindem, H., Snyder-Mackler, L., Moksnes, H., Engebretsen, L., & Risberg, M. A. (2016). Simple decision rules can reduce reinjury risk by 84% after ACL reconstruction: the Delaware-Oslo ACL cohort study. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 50(13), 804–808. https://doi.org/10.1136/BJSPORTS-2016-096031

Guruhan, S., Kafa, N., Ecemis, Z. B., & Guzel, N. A. (2020). Muscle Activation Differences During Eccentric Hamstring Exercises. Sports Health: A Multidisciplinary Approach (SPH), XX(X), 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1177/1941738120938649

Heredia-Jimenez, J., & Orantes-Gonzalez, E. (2020). Comparison Of Three Different Measurement Systems To Assess The Vertical Jump Height. Rev Bras Med Esporte, 26(2), 143–146.

Hoffman, J. R., Ratamess, N. A., Klatt, M., Faigenbaum, A. D., & Kang, J. (2007). Do bilateral power deficits influence direction-specific movement patterns? Research in Sports Medicine, 15(2), 125–132. https://doi.org/10.1080/15438620701405313

Ishøi, L., Aagaard, P., Nielsen, M. F., Thornton, K. B., Krommes, K. K., Hölmich, P., & Thorborg, K. (2019). The Influence of Hamstring Muscle Peak Torque and Rate of Torque Development for Sprinting Performance in Football Players: A Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 14(5), 665–673. https://doi.org/10.1123/IJSPP.2018-0464

Khoiriyah. (2014). Perbedaan Pemberian Latihan Hamstring Curl on Swiss Ball dengan latihan Lying Leg Curl Terhadap Peningkatan. Jurnal Fisioterapi, 14(2), 97–107. https://ejurnal.esaunggul.ac.id/index.php/Fisio/article/download/1112/1021

Krommes, K., Petersen, J., Nielsen, M. B., Aagaard, P., Hölmich, P., & Thorborg, K. (2017). Sprint and jump performance in elite male soccer players following a 10 ‑ week Nordic Hamstring exercise Protocol : a randomised pilot study. BMC Research Notes, 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-017-2986-x

Kulas, A. S., Windley, T. C., & Schmitz, R. J. (2005). Effects of abdominal postures on lower extremity energetics during single-leg landings. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 14(1), 58–71. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsr.14.1.58

Kuntze, G., Mansfield, N., & Sellers, W. (2010). A biomechanical analysis of common lunge tasks in badminton. Journal of Sports Sciences, 28(2), 183–191. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410903428533

Lehecka, B. J., Edwards, M., Haverkamp, R., Martin, L., Porter, K., Thach, K., Sack, R. J., & Hakansson, N. A. (2017). Building A Better Gluteal Bridge: Electromyographic Analysis Of Hip Muscle Activity During Modified Single-Leg Bridges. The International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy, 12(4), 543–549. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28900560/

Li, S., Zhang, Z., Wan, B., Wilde, B., & Shan, G. (2017). The relevance of body positioning and its training effect on badminton smash. Journal of Sports Sciences, 35(4), 310–316. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2016.1164332

Liao, K. F., Nassis, G. P., Bishop, C., Yang, W., Bian, C., & Li, Y. M. (2022). Effects of unilateral vs. bilateral resistance training interventions on measures of strength, jump, linear and change of direction speed: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Biology of Sport, 39(3), 485–497. https://doi.org/10.5114/BIOLSPORT.2022.107024

López-Miñarro, P. A., Muyor, J., Belmonte, F., & Alacid, F. (2012). Acute Effects of Hamstring Stretching on Sagittal Spinal Curvatures and Pelvic Tilt. Journal of Human Kinetics, 31(1), 69. https://doi.org/10.2478/V10078-012-0007-7

Makaruk, H., Winchester, J. B., Sadowski, J., Czaplicki, A., & Sacewicz, T. (2011). Effects of unilateral and bilateral plyometric training on power and jumping ability in women. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25(12), 3311–3318. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0B013E318215FA33

Maloney, S. J. (2018). Review of the badminton lunge and specific training considerations. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 40(4), 7–17. https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0000000000000378

Masu, Y., & Nagai, M. (2016). Characteristics of lower limb muscle activity during upper limb elevation in badminton players. Journal of Physical Therapy Science, 28(9), 2510–2514. https://doi.org/10.1589/jpts.28.2510

Mendiguchia, J., Samozino, P., Martinez-Ruiz, E., Brughelli, M., Schmikli, S., Morin, J. B., & Mendez-Villanueva, A. (2014). Progression of mechanical properties during on-field sprint running after returning to sports from a hamstring muscle injury in soccer players. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 35(8), 690–695. https://doi.org/10.1055/S-0033-1363192/ID/R3733-0043

Mizuguchi, S., Sands, W. A., Wassinger, C. A., Lamont, H. S., & Stone, M. H. (2015). A new approach to determining net impulse and identification of its characteristics in countermovement jumping: reliability and validity. Http://Dx.Doi.Org/10.1080/14763141.2015.1053514, 14(2), 258–272. https://doi.org/10.1080/14763141.2015.1053514

Monajati, A., Larumbe-Zabala, E., Goss-Sampson, M., & Naclerio, F. (2017). Analysis of the Hamstring Muscle Activation during two Injury Prevention Exercises. Journal of Human Kinetics, 60(1), 29–37. https://doi.org/10.1515/hukin-2017-0105

Mrzygłód, S., Pietraszewski, P., Golas, A., Jarosz, J., Matusiński, A., & Krzysztofik, M. (2021). Changes in muscle activity imbalance of the lower limbs following 3 weeks of supplementary body-weight unilateral training. Applied Sciences (Switzerland), 11(4), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11041494

Ooi, C. H., Tan, A., Ahmad, A., Kwong, K. W., Sompong, R., Ghazali, K. A. M., Liew, S. L., Chai, W. J., & Thompson, M. W. (2009). Physiological characteristics of elite and sub-elite badminton players. Journal of Sports Sciences, 27(14), 1591–1599. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410903352907

Opar, D. A., Piatkowski, T., Williams, M. D., & Shield, A. J. (2013). A novel device using the nordic hamstring exercise to assess eccentric knee flexor strength: A reliability and retrospective injury study. Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, 43(9), 636–640. https://doi.org/10.2519/JOSPT.2013.4837

Opar, D. A., Williams, M. D., & Shield, A. J. (2012). Hamstring strain injuries: factors that lead to injury and re-injury. Sports Medicine (Auckland, N.Z.), 42(3), 209–226. https://doi.org/10.2165/11594800-000000000-00000

Pardos-Mainer, E., Casajús, J. A., Bishop, C., & Gonzalo-Skok, O. (2020). Effects of combined strength and power training on physical performance and interlimb asymmetries in adolescent female soccer players. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 15(8), 1147–1155. https://doi.org/10.1123/IJSPP.2019-0265

Paterno M.V. Ford K.A, S. L. C. (2010). Biomechanical Measures During Landing and Postural Stability Am J Sports Med Am J Sports Med . Author manuscript; available in PMC 2016 June 25. . 2010 October ; 38(10): 1968–1978. doi:10.1177/0363546510376053. Predict Second Anterior Cruciate Ligament In. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 38(10), 1968–1978. https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546510376053.Biomechanical

Phomsoupha, M., & Laffaye, G. (2015). The Science of Badminton: Game Characteristics, Anthropometry, Physiology, Visual Fitness and Biomechanics. Sports Medicine, 45(4), 473–495. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-014-0287-2

Phukan, M. I., Thapa, R. K., Kumar, G., Bishop, C., Chaabene, H., & Ramirez-Campillo, R. (2021). Inter-limb jump asymmetries and their association with sport-specific performance in young male and female swimmers. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(14). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147324

Pori, P., Kovčan, B., Vodičar, J., Dervišević, E., Karpljuk, D., Hadžić, V., & Šimenko, J. (2021). Predictive validity of the single leg hamstring bridge test in military settings. Applied Sciences (Switzerland), 11(4), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11041822

Risberg, M. A., Steffen, K., Nilstad, A., Myklebust, G., Kristianslund, E., Moltubakk, M. M., & Krosshaug, T. (2018). Normative quadriceps and hamstring muscle strength values for female, healthy, elite handball and football players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 32(8), 2314–2323. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000002579

Schache, A. G., Dorn, T. W., Wrigley, T. V., Brown, N. A. T., & Pandy, M. G. (2013). Stretch and activation of the human biarticular hamstrings across a range of running speeds. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 113(11), 2813–2828. https://doi.org/10.1007/S00421-013-2713-9

Scilingo, E. P., Gemignani, A., Paradiso, R., Taccini, N., Ghelarducci, B., & De Rossi, D. (2005). Performance evaluation of sensing fabrics for monitoring physiological and biomechanical variables. IEEE Transactions on Information Technology in Biomedicine, 9(3), 345–352. https://doi.org/10.1109/TITB.2005.854506

Shield, A., & Bourne, M. (2020). Optimising hamstring strength and function for performance after hamstring injury. Prevention and Rehabilitation of Hamstring Injuries, 283–313. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-31638-9_12/COVER

Stern, D., Gonzalo-Skok, O., Loturco, I., Turner, A., & Bishop, C. (2020). A Comparison of Bilateral vs. Unilateral-Biased Strength and Power Training Interventions on Measures of Physical Performance in Elite Youth Soccer Players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 34(8), 2105–2111. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000003659

Sturgess, S., & Newton, R. U. (2008). Design and implementation of a specific strength program for badminton. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 30(3), 33–41. https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0b013e3181771008

Timmins, R. G., Bourne, M. N., Shield, A. J., Williams, M. D., Lorenzen, C., & Opar, D. A. (2016). Short biceps femoris fascicles and eccentric knee flexor weakness increase the risk of hamstring injury in elite football (soccer): a prospective cohort study. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 50(24), 1524–1535. https://doi.org/10.1136/BJSPORTS-2015-095362

Tsai, C. L., Hsueh, Y. C., Pan, K. M., & Chang, S. S. (2008). Biomechanical analysis of different badminton forehand overhead strokes of Taiwan elite femal players. 26 International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports, Conference, Coaching and Sports Performance, 719–722.

Tucker, C. B., & Hanley, B. (2017). Gait variability and symmetry in world-class senior and junior race walkers. Journal of Sports Sciences, 35(17), 1739–1744. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2016.1235793

Turki, O., Chaouachi, A., Drinkwater, E. J., Chtara, M., Chamari, K., Amri, M., & Behm, D. G. (2011). Ten Minutes of Dynamic Stretching Is Sufficient to Potentiate Vertical Jump Performance Characteristics. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25(9), 2453–2463.

Undheim, M. B., Cosgrave, C., King, E., Strike, S., Marshall, B., Falvey, Ã., & Franklyn-Miller, A. (2015). Isokinetic muscle strength and readiness to return to sport following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: is there an association? A systematic review and a protocol recommendation. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 49(20), 1305–1310. https://doi.org/10.1136/BJSPORTS-2014-093962

Vargas, V. Z., Motta, C., Peres, B., Vancini, R. L., Andre Barbosa De Lira, C., & Andrade, M. S. (2019). Knee isokinetic muscle strength and balance ratio in female soccer players of different age groups: a cross-sectional study. https://doi.org/10.1080/00913847.2019.1642808, 48(1), 105–109. https://doi.org/10.1080/00913847.2019.1642808

Vleeming, A., Stoeckart, R., & Snijders, C. J. (1989). The sacrotuberous ligament : a conceptual approach to its dynamic role in stabilizing the sacroiliac joint. Clinical Biomechanics, 4(4), 201–203. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/0268-0033(89)90002-8.

Wiriawan, O., Setijono, H., Putera, S. H. P., Yosika, G. F., Kaharina, A., Sholikhah, A. M., & Pranoto, A. (2024). Far-Infrared Radiation with Sauna Method Improves Recovery of Fatigue and Muscle Damage in Athletes After Submaximal Physical Exercise. Retos, 54, 57–62. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v54.102938.

Descargas

Publicado

2024-05-01

Cómo citar

Wiriawan, O., Rusdiawan, A., Kusuma, D. A., Firmansyah, A., García-Jiménez, J. V., Zein, M. I., Pavlovic, R., Nowak, A. M., Susanto, N., & Pranoto, A. (2024). Los ejercicios unilaterales de fortalecimiento de los músculos isquiotibiales pueden mejorar la asimetría de los isquiotibiales y aumentar el rendimiento de salto en atletas de bádminton de sub-élite (Unilateral Hamstring Muscle Strengthening Exercises Can Improve Hamstring Asymmetry and Increase Jumping Performance in Sub-Elite Badminton Athletes). Retos, 54, 761–770. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v54.103783

Número

Sección

Artículos de carácter científico: trabajos de investigaciones básicas y/o aplicadas

Artículos más leídos del mismo autor/a

1 2 3 4 > >>