Efectos de un programa de Responsabilidad Personal y Social sobre la empatía y la inteligencia emocional en educación física (Effects on empathy and emotional intelligence of a Teaching Personal and Social Responsibility programme in physical education)

Autores/as

  • Pablo Pozo Rosado Colegio Antonio Machado
  • Alberto Grao-Cruces Universidad de Cádiz
  • Ester Ayllon-Negrillo
  • Raquel Pérez-Ordás Universidad de Zaragoza

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v44i0.90760

Palabras clave:

intervención, desarrollo juvenil, preadolescentes, estado socioeconómico, diferencias de género, (intervention, positive youth development, preadolescents, socioeconomic status, gender differences)

Resumen

Los objetivos del estudio fueron: (1) investigar los efectos de un programa basado en el modelo de Enseñanza de Responsabilidad Personal y Social sobre la empatía y la inteligencia emocional percibida en educación física; y (2) comparar los resultados entre los colegios de contexto socioeconómico medio-bajo y medio-alto. Los participantes fueron 210 alumnos (de 10 a 12 años). Se completó un diseño cuasi-experimental con dos análisis de covarianza. El programa mejoró los sentimientos de tristeza de los estudiantes (p <.05). Se encontraron mejoras más pronunciadas en los sentimientos de tristeza (p = .016) en el grupo de contexto socioeconómico medio-bajo. La intervención fue más efectiva en la comprensión de sentimientos (p <.001) en el grupo de contexto medio-alto. Se encontraron mejoras en los factores de inteligencia emocional (p = .017), atención (p <.05) y reparación (p <.026) en el grupo de contexto medio-bajo en comparación con el grupo de contexto medio-alto. Encontramos que el programa ha sido especialmente útil para mejorar la inteligencia emocional en contextos socioeconómicos vulnerables.

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Publicado

2022-04-01

Cómo citar

Pozo Rosado, P., Grao-Cruces, A., Ayllon-Negrillo, E., & Pérez-Ordás, R. (2022). Efectos de un programa de Responsabilidad Personal y Social sobre la empatía y la inteligencia emocional en educación física (Effects on empathy and emotional intelligence of a Teaching Personal and Social Responsibility programme in physical education). Retos, 44, 504–514. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v44i0.90760

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Artículos de carácter científico: trabajos de investigaciones básicas y/o aplicadas