Método indirecto para estimar el consumo máximo de oxígeno en supervivientes de cáncer de mama y controles sanos (Indirect method for estimating maximum oxygen consumption in breast cancer survivors and healthy controls)

  • Ivana Leao Ribeiro Departamento de Kinesiología, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud. Universidad Católica del Maule https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0317-4597
  • Nicolás Yáñez Benavides Hospital Clínico Regional Valdivia, Chile
  • Francisco Ortega González Universidad Católica del Maule
  • Luz Alejandra Lorca Hospital del Salvador, Chile
  • María Ignacia Arias Silva Universidad Católica del Maule
  • Ignacio Esteban Canales Recabal Universidad Católica del Maule
  • Jorge Alberto Campos Espinosa Universidad Católica del Maule
  • Jaime Andrés Vásquez-Gómez Centro de Investigación de Estudios Avanzados del Maule (CIEAM), Laboratorio de Rendimiento Humano. Universidad Católica del Maule https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0597-793X
Palabras clave: Consumo de oxígeno, neoplasias de la mama, prueba de caminata, (Oxygen consumption, breast neoplasms, walk test)

Resumen

El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar la predicción del V̇O2máx. entre mujeres sobrevivientes de cáncer de mama y un grupo control (GC) de mujeres sin antecedentes de cáncer. Estudio de caso-control en que diecisiete mujeres en el grupo sobrevivientes de cáncer de mama (49.4 ± 8.9 años, índice de masa corporal [IMC] de 27.8 ± 2.7 kg·m-2) y 17 en el GC (47.9 ± 7.4 años, IMC de 26.2 ± 4.4 kg·m-2) fueron evaluadas. La prueba de caminata de seis minutos (PC6M) se evaluó con monitor de frecuencia cardíaca, tensiómetro digital, oxímetro de pulso y escala de Borg. El V̇O2máx. se estimó con ecuación que consideró la distancia recorrida, el peso corporal y la edad. El grupo de sobrevivientes caminó 34.8 metros más que el GC (p = .15; d = .51). También mostró una tendencia (p = .05), con un tamaño del efecto moderado (d = .76), hacia un aumento del V̇O2máx. (1.74 ± .26 L·min-1) comparado con el GC (1.56 ± .21 L·min-1). No hubo diferencias entre los grupos para las variables de frecuencia cardíaca, presión arterial y esfuerzo percibido durante la prueba (p > .05). Las participantes que recorrieron más distancia tuvieron más probabilidades de un mayor V̇O2máx. (odds ratio = 12.7; p = .002). Existieron diferencias en el V̇O2máx. entre los dos grupos, esta aptitud física debería considerarse para el tratamiento y control post-operatorio.

Abstract. The aim of the study was to compare the prediction of the V̇O2max in breast cancer survivors and a control group (CG) of women without a history of cancer. It is a case-control study. Seventeen women in the breast cancer survivors (49.4 ± 8.9 years, body mass index [BMI] of 27.8 ± 2.7 kg·m-2) and 17 in the CG (47.9 ± 7.4 years, BMI of 26.2 ± 4.4 kg·m-2) were evaluated. The six-minute walk test (SMWT) was evaluated with a heart rate monitor, digital blood pressure monitor, pulse oximeter and the Borg scale. The V̇O2max it was estimated with an equation that considered the distance traveled, body weight and age. The survivors group walked 34.8 meters more than the CG (p = .15). In addition, group showed a trend (p = .05), with a moderate effect size (d = .76), towards an increase in V̇O2max (1.74 ± .26 L·min-1) compared to the CG (1.56 ± .21 L·min-1). There were no differences between the groups for the variables of heart rate, blood pressure and perceived exertion during the test (p > .05). The participants who covered the longest distance had a better chance of a V̇O2max higher (odds ratio = 12.7; p = .002). There were differences in the V̇O2max between groups, this physical fitness should be considered for post-operated treatment and monitoring.

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Publicado
2022-04-01
Cómo citar
Leao Ribeiro, I., Yáñez Benavides, N., Ortega González, F., Alejandra Lorca, L., Arias Silva, M. I., Canales Recabal, I. E., Campos Espinosa, J. A., & Vásquez-Gómez, J. A. (2022). Método indirecto para estimar el consumo máximo de oxígeno en supervivientes de cáncer de mama y controles sanos (Indirect method for estimating maximum oxygen consumption in breast cancer survivors and healthy controls). Retos, 44, 295-301. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v44i0.90702
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Artículos de carácter científico: trabajos de investigaciones básicas y/o aplicadas