Evaluación de la intensidad de competición y la respuesta fisiológica de los tiradores en el Campeonato de Europa 2019 (Assessment of Tug of War pullers’ competition intensity and physiological response at the 2019 European Championship)

  • Arkaitz Castañeda-Babarro
  • Borja Gutiérrez Santamaría Health, Physical Activity and Sports Science Laboratory, Department of Physical Activity and Sports, Faculty of Psychology and Education, University of Deusto, 48007 Bizkaia, Spain
  • Aitor Coca Health, Physical Activity and Sports Science Laboratory, Department of Physical Activity and Sports, Faculty of Psychology and Education, University of Deusto, 48007 Bizkaia, Spain
  • Julio Calleja-González Physical Education and Sport Department, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Vitoria- Gasteiz 01007 Spain
  • Ruth Cayero Physical Education and Sport Department, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Vitoria- Gasteiz 01007 Spain
Palabras clave: ow, lactato, RPE, fisiología, intensidad, (Tow, blood lactate, RPE, physiological, intensity)



Tug of war (TOW) involucra a 2 equipos de ocho personas, tirando una contra la otra con una cuerda. El objetivo principal es llevar al equipo contrario hacia una línea central a una distancia de 4 m. La medición de parámetros fisiológicos es clave para comprender las demandas de una actividad y para identificar sus factores limitantes de rendimiento. El objetivo principal de este estudio fue evaluar la intensidad y las demandas de esfuerzo de los tiradores de TOW durante la competición. 7 tiradores masculinos (altura: 175,14 ± 4,85; masa corporal: 77,39 ± 3,92; edad: 39,86 ± 11,68; % de grasa: 17,56 ± 5,21; VO2max: 44,24 ± 8,38) en la categoría de 560 kg. Se evaluaron concentraciones de lactato (LAC) antes y después de cada tirada, y el esfuerzo percibido (RPE) al final. La siguiente semana, los tiradores realizaron una prueba de esfuerzo (GXT). La FC, LAC y RPE se evaluaron antes, durante y después del GXT para calcular el umbral anaeróbico individual. Las concentraciones de LAC registradas medios registrados para la intensidad del umbral anaeróbico individual (VT2) (4,1 ± 0,5 mmol/l). Los valores medios de RPE de los deportistas en competición (6 ± 1,5 mmol/l) fueron un 21% inferiores a los obtenidos para la intensidad del VT2 (7,6 ± 0,8 mmol/l). La intensidad y la respuesta al esfuerzo son mayores y se mantienen por encima del VT2 durante la competición en tiradores TOW al final de los tirones (6 ± 1,9 mmol/l) fueron un 32% más altas que los valores.

Abstract. Tug of war (TOW) involves 2 teams of eight people, pulling against each other on a rope. The main goal of TOW is to pull the opposing team towards a centre line over a distance of 4 m. The measurement of physiological parameters is key to understanding the demands of an activity and to identifying its limiting performance factors. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the intensity and effort demands of TOW pullers during competition, as follows: Data were collected from 7 male pullers (Height: 175.14±4.85; Body Mass: 77.39±3.92; Age: 39.86±11.68; %Fat: 17.56±5.21; VO2max: 44.24±8.38) in the 560 kg category. The blood lactate concentrations (LAC) were assessed before and at the end of each pull, and the global rating of perceived exertion (RPE) at the end of the pulls. The following week, pullers performed a graded exercise test (GXT). Heart rate, LAC and RPE were assessed before, during and at the end of the GXT to calculate the individual anaerobic threshold. The mean blood lactate concentrations recorded at the end of the pulls (6±1.9 mmol/l) were 32% higher than the mean values recorded for the individual anaerobic threshold intensity (4.1±0.5 mmol/l). For their part, the mean RPE values of athletes after the pulls (6±1.5 mmol/l) were 21% lower than those obtained for intensity of the individual anaerobic threshold (7.6±0.8 mmol/l). The intensity and effort response are greater and kept above the anaerobic threshold during the competition in TOW pullers. 


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Cómo citar
Castañeda-Babarro, A., Gutiérrez Santamaría, B., Coca, A., Calleja-González, J., & Cayero, R. (2022). Evaluación de la intensidad de competición y la respuesta fisiológica de los tiradores en el Campeonato de Europa 2019 (Assessment of Tug of War pullers’ competition intensity and physiological response at the 2019 European Championship). Retos, 44, 357-363. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v44i0.90398
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