Propuesta de evaluación multidisciplinar del talento de jóvenes futbolistas (Proposal for a multidisciplinary assessment of talented football players)

  • Jaime Serra-Olivares Universidad Católica de Temuco, Chile.
  • Alejandro Prieto-Ayuso Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha Albacete Balompié S.A.D. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6228-5473
  • Juan Carlos Pastor-Vicedo Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha
  • Sixto González-Víllora Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha
Palabras clave: nivel de pericia, evaluación, dinámica ecológica, táctica, deporte (expertise, assessment, dynamical ecology, tactics, sport)

Resumen

Ante las limitaciones de la perspectiva tradicional de evaluación del talento del futbolista, son necesarios instrumentos de análisis del rendimiento que faciliten la transferencia de la información reportada al entrenamiento y la competición. En este sentido, el enfoque multidisciplinar de evaluación, fundamentado en la ecología dinámica del movimiento, se presenta como una metodología indispensable para el análisis contextualizado de las variables determinantes del rendimiento deportivo. Al respecto, en este trabajo se expone una propuesta de instrumentos diseñados bajo este enfoque. Se describen cuatro herramientas idóneas para: (i) la identificación y selección del joven futbolista con talento, (ii) el análisis del conocimiento táctico, (iii) la evaluación integrada del rendimiento físico y, (iv) el análisis de los procesos de toma de decisión y ejecución técnico-táctica. La utilización de este tipo de procesos evaluativos, permitirá una aproximación de mayor calidad al entendimiento de los factores influyentes sobre el talento y el rendimiento.


Abstract. Given the limitations of the traditional perspective of talent assessment in sport, new instruments of performance analysis are necessary to facilitate the transferability to training and competition of the information reported. In this sense, the multidisciplinary approach of assessment, based on the dynamic ecological theories, would be an indispensable methodology for the contextualized analysis of sport performance variables. In this regard, this paper presents a proposal of some instruments designed under this approach. Four tools are described for: (i) talented young players’ identification and selection processes, (ii) analysis of tactical knowledge, (iii) integrated assessment of physical performance and, (iv) Decision making and technical-tactical execution evaluation. The use of this kind of assessment instruments and processes will allow a better quality approach to the understanding of the factors that are influencing talent and performance in football.

Citas

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Publicado
2019-10-31
Cómo citar
Serra-Olivares, J., Prieto-Ayuso, A., Pastor-Vicedo, J. C., & González-Víllora, S. (2019). Propuesta de evaluación multidisciplinar del talento de jóvenes futbolistas (Proposal for a multidisciplinary assessment of talented football players). Retos, 38(38), 782-789. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v38i38.73118
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Revisiones teóricas