Retos y oportunidades de la tecnología móvil en la educación física (Challenges and opportunities of mobile technology in physical education)

  • José Díaz Barahona "Universitat de València" Facultad de Magisterio; Departamento de Didáctica de la Expresión Musical, Plástica y Corporal
Palabras clave: Apps, dispositivos móviles, educación física, mobile learning, seguridad y protección datos (Apps, mobile devices, physical education, security and data protection)

Resumen

La educación física (EF) y su profesorado están llamados a seguir procesos de inmersión digital, voluntarios o involuntarios, asociados al consumo masivo de medios y servicios digitales y a las demandas de la sociedad y de la institución educativa. El uso de tecnología, especialmente la móvil, social y ubicua, se generaliza personal y profesionalmente, aunque la escuela sigue sin encontrarle acomodo. Reconoce su potencial didáctico, pero no logra alcanzarlo. En la EF el uso de tecnologías tradicionales y fijas han demostrado su utilidad en la fase preactiva y postactiva del acto didáctico, sin embargo, los aprendizajes en movilidad propios de la fase activa, aconsejan explorar alternativas como las que ofrece el mobile learning. El objetivo del artículo es mostrar el potencial de mejora e innovación pedagógica que tiene el mobile learning y las aplicaciones (Apps) en EF y proporcionar a los docentes e investigadores un marco de análisis que muestre cómo conseguirlo. Las aportaciones teóricas son necesarias, pero no suficientes, por ello se ofrecen orientaciones concretas que explican cómo y para qué integrar los dispositivos móviles en la EF. También se proponen futuras líneas de debate, reflexión e investigación centradas en la dimensión pedagógica de aprendizaje móvil, analizando las repercusiones éticas, sociales y legales derivadas de los procesos de inmersión digital.

Abstract. Physical education (PE) and its teachers are destined to voluntarily or involuntarily follow processes of digital immersion associated with the mass consumption of digital media and with the current demands of both society and educational institutions. The use of mobiles, which is a social and omnipresent technology, is being increasingly generalized in both personal and professional areas of life; however, mobile use is virtually non-existent in the field of education. Educational institutions and teachers recognize the educational potential of mobile technology yet fail to implement its use. The use of office technologies in PE has already shown its value in both the preactive and proactive phases of the educational process, however, the kinetic learning processes associated to the active phase would benefit from alternatives such as mobile learning. The aim of the present article is to show the educational potential of mobile learning and to provide educators, researchers, and Apps developers with a framework outlining how to achieve it. Theoretical insights are important, but not sufficient. That is why orientations and concrete proposals are offered, explaining how and to what end should mobile devices be integrated into PE. Future debates, reflections, and research issues are also raised, focusing on the pedagogical dimension of mobile learning, and analyzing the ethical, social, and legal repercussions arising from the process of digital immersion.

Biografía del autor/a

José Díaz Barahona, "Universitat de València" Facultad de Magisterio; Departamento de Didáctica de la Expresión Musical, Plástica y Corporal

Profesor Dr. Titular Facultad de Magisterio. Universitat de València; Departamento de Didáctica de la Expresión Musical, Plástica y Corporal. 

Director del Postgrado de Competencia Digital Docente (Código 19412330), de la Universidad de Valencia, los años 2013 al 2018

Profesor, Postgrado de Competencia Digital Docente, años 2013 al 2018; asignaturas

  1. La enseñanza y el aprendizaje en la sociedad en red: Ámbito cognitivo del aprendizaje digital (código: 60198)
  2. Proyecto Autónomo de Aprendizaje (código: 32469)

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Publicado
2019-07-23
Cómo citar
Díaz Barahona, J. (2019). Retos y oportunidades de la tecnología móvil en la educación física (Challenges and opportunities of mobile technology in physical education). Retos, 37(37), 763-773. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v37i37.68851
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Revisiones teóricas