Análisis de la incidencia de lesiones y hábitos usados durante el calentamiento en el baloncesto femenino (Analysis of the incidence of injuries and routines used during warm-up in female basketball players)

  • Víctor Toro Román Universidad de Extremadura
  • David Guerrero Ramos Universidad de Extremadura
  • Diego Muñoz Marín Universidad de Extremadura
  • Jesús Siquier Coll Universidad de Extremadura
  • Ignacio Bartolomé Sánchez Universidad de Extremadura
  • María Concepción Robles Gil Universidad de Extremadura
Palabras clave: prevención, femenino, baloncesto, lesión, calentamiento (prevention, female, basketball, injury, warm-up)

Resumen

Objetivo: Los objetivos del presente estudio fueron conocer la frecuencia de lesiones en una temporada, analizar hábitos de calentamiento, identificar factores de riesgos intrínsecos y extrínsecos relacionados con lesiones y establecer relaciones entre las variables del cuestionario y las lesiones en jugadoras de baloncesto. Método: Setenta jugadoras (23±6 años) de baloncesto federadas participaron en este estudio descriptivo retrospectivo utilizando una adaptación de un cuestionario de lesiones deportivas autocompletado por las jugadoras, el cual contenía variables relacionadas con la aparición y prevención de lesiones en el baloncesto. Se realizó un análisis de frecuencias y porcentajes y tablas de contingencia mediante el test de Chi-Cuadrado. Resultados: Se encontraron relaciones significativas entre el número de sesiones y las jugadoras lesionadas (p <.05), así como la realización de la práctica en diferentes pavimentos a lo largo de la temporada (p <.05). Las jugadoras utilizaban una tipología de calentamiento tradicional, alejado de las recomendaciones actuales. La estructura anatómica más afectada fue el tobillo/pie seguido de la rodilla, siendo el esguince el tipo de lesión predominante. Conclusión: Aumentar el número de sesiones semanales está relacionado con un incremento del número de lesiones. Las lesiones de las articulaciones del tobillo/pie y la rodilla son las más frecuentes en este deporte. Realizar la práctica de baloncesto en distintas superficies a lo largo de la temporada podría incrementar el número de lesiones. 


Abstract. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the frequency of injuries over a season, analyse warm-up routines, identify intrinsic and extrinsic risk factors related to injuries, and establish relationships between the variables of the questionnaire and injuries in female basketball players. Methods: Seventy female players (23±6 years) from federated basketball teams participated in this retrospective descriptive study, which used an adaptation of a sports injury questionnaire filled by the players and containing variables related to the occurrence and prevention of injuries in basketball. Analysis of frequencies and percentages and contingency tables was carried out using the Chi-Square test. Results: Significant relationships were found between number of sessions and injured players (p <.05), as well as the carrying out of practices on different surfaces throughout the season (p <.05). The players used a typology of traditional warm-up, far from the current recommendations. The most affected anatomical structure was the ankle/foot followed by the knee, sprain being the predominant type of injury. Conclusions: Increasing the number of weekly sessions is associated to an increase in the number of injuries. Injuries to ankle/foot and knee joints are the most common in this sport. Playing basketball on different surfaces throughout the season may increase the number of injuries.

Citas

Andrade, D. C., Henriquez–Olguín, C., Beltran, A. R., Ramirez, M. A., Labarca, C., Cornejo, M., … Ramirez-Campillo, R. (2015). Effects of general, specific and combined warm-up on explosive muscular performance. Biology of Sport, 32(2), 123. https://doi.org/10.5604 / 20831862.1140426

Andreoli, C. V., Chiaramonti, B. C., Buriel, E., Pochini, A. de C., Ejnisman, B., & Cohen, M. (2018). Epidemiology of sports injuries in basketball: integrative systematic review. BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine, 4(1), e000468. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjsem-2018-000468

Balachandar, V., Marciniak, J.-L., Wall, O., & Balachandar, C. (2017). Effects of the menstrual cycle on lower-limb biomechanics, neuromuscular control, and anterior cruciate ligament injury risk: a systematic review. Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal, 7(1), 136–146. https://doi.org/10.11138/mltj/2017.7.1.136

Benis, R., Bonato, M., & Torre, A. La. (2016). Elite Female Basketball Players’ Body-Weight Neuromuscular Training and Performance on the Y-Balance Test. Journal of Athletic Training, 51(9), 688–695. https://doi.org/10.4085/1062-6050-51.12.03

Benis, R., La Torre, A., & Bonato, M. (2018). Anterior cruciate ligament injury profile in female elite Italian basketball league. J Sports Med Phys Fitness, 58(3), 280–286. https://doi.org/10.23736/S0022-4707.16.06663-9

Bonato, M., Benis, R., & La Torre, A. (2018). Neuromuscular training reduces lower limb injuries in elite female basketball players. A cluster randomized controlled trial. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 28(4), 1451–1460.

Borowski, L. A., Yard, E. E., Fields, S. K., & Comstock, R. D. (2008). The epidemiology of US high school basketball injuries, 2005–2007. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 36(12), 2328–2335. https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546508322893

Conn, J. M., Annest, J. L., & Gilchrist, J. (2003). Sports and recreation related injury episodes in the US population, 1997–99. Injury Prevention, 9(2), 117–123. https://doi.org/10.1136 / ip.9.2.117

DiFiori, J. P., Güllich, A., Brenner, J. S., Côté, J., Hainline, B., Ryan, E., & Malina, R. M. (2018). The NBA and youth basketball: recommendations for promoting a healthy and positive experience. Sports Medicine, 48(9), 2053–2065. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-018-0950-0.

Gribble, P. A., Hertel, J., Denegar, C. R., & Buckley, W. E. (2004). The effects of fatigue and chronic ankle instability on dynamic postural control. Journal of Athletic Training, 39(4), 321.

Herman, K., Barton, C., Malliaras, P., & Morrissey, D. (2012). The effectiveness of neuromuscular warm-up strategies, that require no additional equipment, for preventing lower limb injuries during sports participation: a systematic review. BMC Medicine, 10(1), 75. https://doi.org/10.1186/1741-7015-10-75

Hosea, T. M., Carey, C. C., & Harrer, M. F. (2000). The gender issue: epidemiology of ankle injuries in athletes who participate in basketball. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research®, 372, 45–49. https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-200003000-00006

Kofotolis, N., & Kellis, E. (2007). Ankle sprain injuries: a 2-year prospective cohort study in female Greek professional basketball players. Journal of Athletic Training, 42(3), 388–94.

Lewis, M. (2018). It’s a Hard-Knock Life: Game Load, Fatigue, and Injury Risk in the National Basketball Association. Journal of Athletic Training, 53(5), 503–509. https://doi.org/10.4085/1062-6050-243-17

Longo, U. G., Loppini, M., Berton, A., Marinozzi, A., Maffulli, N., & Denaro, V. (2012). The FIFA 11+ program is effective in preventing injuries in elite male basketball players: a cluster randomized controlled trial. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 40(5), 996–1005. https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546512438761

Martin, R. L., Davenport, T. E., Paulseth, S., Wukich, D. K., Godges, J. J., Altman, R. D., … Zachazewski, J. (2013). Ankle Stability and Movement Coordination Impairments: Ankle Ligament Sprains. Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy, 43(9), A1–A40. https://doi.org/10.2519/jospt.2013.0305

Mckay, G. D., Goldie, P. A., Payne, W. R., & Oakes, B. W. (2001). Ankle injuries in basketball: injury rate and risk factors. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 35(2), 103–108. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.35.2.103

Needham, R. A., Morse, C. I., & Degens, H. (2009). The Acute Effect of Different Warm-up Protocols on Anaerobic Performance in Elite Youth Soccer Players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 23(9), 2614–2620. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181b1f3ef

Nelson, A. J., Collins, C. L., Yard, E. E., Fields, S. K., & Comstock, R. D. (2007). Ankle injuries among United States high school sports athletes, 2005-2006. Journal of Athletic Training, 42(3), 381–7.

Olsen, O.-E., Myklebust, G., Engebretsen, L., Holme, I., & Bahr, R. (2005). Exercises to prevent lower limb injuries in youth sports: cluster randomised controlled trial. BMJ, 330(7489), 449. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.38330.632801.8F

Pappas, E., Zazulak, B. T., Yard, E. E., & Hewett, T. E. (2011). The Epidemiology of Pediatric Basketball Injuries Presenting to US Emergency Departments: 2000-2006. Sports Health, 3(4), 331–5. https://doi.org/10.1177/1941738111409861

Penichet-Tomás, A., Ortega Becerra, M., Jiménez-Olmedo, J. M., Pueo, B., & Espina Agulló, J. J. (2019). Incidencia lesiva en jugadores españoles de élite de balonmano playa. Retos. Nuevas Tendencias En Educación Física, Deporte y Recreación, 36, 83–86.

Prieto Andreu, J. (2015). Variables deportivas y personales en la ocurrencia de lesiones deportivas. Diferencias entre deportes individuales y colectivos. Retos. Nuevas Tendencias En Educación Física, Deporte y Recreación, 28, 21–25.

Sánchez Jover, F., & Gómez Conesa, A. (2008). Hábitos de entrenamiento y lesiones deportivas en la selección murciana de baloncesto 2007. Revista Internacional de Medicina y Ciencias de La Actividad Física y Del Deporte, 8(30), 146–160.

Sitler, M. R., & Horodyski, M. (1995). Effectiveness of Prophylactic Ankle Stabilisers for Prevention of Ankle Injuries. Sports Medicine, 20(1), 53–57. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-199520010-00005

Starkey, C. (2000). Injuries and illnesses in the national basketball association: a 10-year perspective. Journal of Athletic Training, 35(2), 161–7.

Taylor, J. B., Ford, K. R., Nguyen, A.-D., Terry, L. N., & Hegedus, E. J. (2015). Prevention of Lower Extremity Injuries in Basketball. Sports Health: A Multidisciplinary Approach, 7(5), 392–398. https://doi.org/10.1177/1941738115593441

Thompsen, A. G., Kackley, T., Palumbo, M. A., & Faigenbaum, A. D. (2007). Acute effects of different warm-up protocols with and without a weighted vest on jumping performance in athletic women. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 21(1), 52–6. https://doi.org/10.1519/R-18965.1

Tummala, S. V, Hartigan, D. E., Makovicka, J. L., Patel, K. A., & Chhabra, A. (2018). 10-Year Epidemiology of Ankle Injuries in Men’s and Women’s Collegiate Basketball. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, 6(11), 2325967118805400. https://doi.org/10.1177/2325967118805400

van Mechelen, W., Hlobil, H., & Kemper, H. C. G. (1992). Incidence, Severity, Aetiology and Prevention of Sports Injuries. Sports Medicine, 14(2), 82–99. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-199214020-00002

Vanderlei, F. M., Bastos, F. N., de Lemes, Í. R., Vanderlei, L. C. M., Júnior, J. N., & Pastre, C. M. (2013). Sports injuries among adolescent basketball players according to position on the court. International Archives of Medicine, 6(1), 5. https://doi.org/10.1186/1755-7682-6-5

Villa, V., & Blas Redondo, L. M. (1999). Incidencia de lesiones en la extremidad inferior de un equipo de baloncesto femenino de la Liga Universitaria Española. Fisioterapia, 21(2), 88–95.

Zelisko, J. A., Noble, H. B., & Porter, M. (1982). A comparison of men’s and women’s professional basketball injuries. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 10(5), 297–299. https://doi.org/10.1177/036354658201000507

Zuckerman, S. L., Wegner, A. M., Roos, K. G., Djoko, A., Dompier, T. P., & Kerr, Z. Y. (2018). Injuries sustained in National Collegiate Athletic Association men’s and women’s basketball, 2009/2010–2014/2015. Br J Sports Med, 52(4), 261–268. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2016-096005

Publicado
2019-12-28
Cómo citar
Toro Román, V., Guerrero Ramos, D., Muñoz Marín, D., Siquier Coll, J., Bartolomé Sánchez, I., & Robles Gil, M. (2019). Análisis de la incidencia de lesiones y hábitos usados durante el calentamiento en el baloncesto femenino (Analysis of the incidence of injuries and routines used during warm-up in female basketball players). Retos, 38(38), 159-165. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v38i38.74310
Sección
Artículos de carácter científico: trabajos de investigaciones básicas y/o aplicadas

Artículos más leídos del mismo autor/a