Estilos Educativos Parentales Percibidos en Adolescentes, Practicantes de Actividad Física, Federados y Competidores (Perception of parents’ education style in adolescents, physical activity practitioners, federation members, and players)

Antonia Pelegrín, Higinio González García, Enrique Javier Garcés De los Fayos

Resumen


El objetivo de este trabajo de investigación fue conocer las diferencias en los estilos educativos parentales percibidos en: jóvenes practicantes de actividad física y no practicantes, jóvenes federados y no federados, competidores y no competidores. La muestra fue de 1800 alumnos escolarizados. Se administró un Cuestionario Sociodemográfico ad hoc y el Test Autoevaluativo Multifactorial de Adaptación Infantil (TAMAI), en el que se utilizó la sub-escala de educación adecuada del padre y de la madre. Los resultados mostraron diferencias significativas en la restricción materna (p<.05) a favor de los alumnos no practicantes de actividad física que percibieron mayores niveles. Por otro lado, no se encontró covariación entre los estilos educativos parentales, federados y no federados, practicantes de actividad física y no practicantes y competidores y no competidores, en función del género. Se concluyó que los adolescentes que no practicaban actividad física o deporte percibieron mayores niveles de restricción materna. Por lo tanto, la restricción materna se muestra como un factor que puede influir en la práctica de actividad físico-deportiva.


Abstract. The goal of this research was to understand the differences in perceived parental educational styles between young physical activity practitioners and non-practicing, young federated and non-federated athletes, competitors and non-competitors. The sample consisted of 1,800 schoolchildren. An ad hoc Sociodemographic Questionnaire and the father and mother adequate education scales from the Multifactorial Self-Assessment Test of Childhood Adjustment (TAMAI) were used to measure the mentioned variable. Results showed significant differences in maternal restriction (p<.05), non-physical activity students perceiving higher levels than the rest of the sample. On the other hand, no covariation was found by gender among parental educational styles, federated and non-federated players, physical activity practitioners and non-practicing, and competitors and non-competitors. Non-physical activity adolescents perceived higher levels of maternal restriction. Therefore, maternal restriction could be an important factor in adolescent’s physical activity and sport practice.


Palabras clave


padres, deportistas, federados, actividad física, educación (parents, athletes, federated, physical activity, education)

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Referencias


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