Análisis de los patrones de anotación de goles como un factor para comprender la evolución del fútbol internacional para personas con parálisis cerebral (Analysis of goal scoring patterns as a factor in understanding the evolution of international cerebral palsy football)

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v57.104718

Palabras clave:

Para-sport, International, Performance analysis, Paralympic, Soccer

Resumen

El fútbol para personas con parálisis cerebral (PC) está experimentando un proceso de profesionalización que está mejorando el rendimiento en este deporte adaptado. Este estudio tiene como objetivo informar sobre la evolución del rendimiento goleador entre las Copas del Mundo de la IFCPF en Sevilla 2019 y Salou 2022. Se analizaron los goles de ochenta y ocho partidos durante dos Copas del Mundo consecutivas de la IFCPF, en las cuales participaron los 16 mejores equipos nacionales clasificados. Los resultados revelaron una disminución en el promedio de goles por partido entre campeonatos (de 5.6 a 4.5 goles por partido). Los goles marcados y recibidos se correlacionaron con la posición final en la clasificación de los equipos tanto en Sevilla 2019 como en Salou 2022. La distribución de goles por mitades y por períodos de 15 minutos, la probabilidad de ganar el partido cuando un equipo marca primero, la clasificación de porteros y jugadores anotadores, y el tipo de goles (tipo de ataque, la acción del gol y la distancia del gol) en Salou 2022 en comparación con Sevilla 2019 sugieren una tendencia hacia una mayor igualdad entre los equipos y un aumento del nivel competitivo en el fútbol para personas con PC en los últimos años. Este estudio también proporciona algunas aplicaciones prácticas para entrenadores y practicantes de fútbol para personas con PC, como la importancia de conceder menos goles en lugar de marcar más, la importancia de marcar primero, la importancia del rendimiento físico en los últimos minutos del partido, la importancia de los jugadores FT2 como anotadores en lugar de jugadores FT3, o el tipo más efectivo de ataques.

Palabras Clave: Deporte adaptado, internacional, análisis de rendimiento, paralímpico, fútbol.

Abstract. Cerebral palsy (CP) football is undergoing a process of professionalisation which is improving the performance in this para-sport. This study aims to report the evolution of goal performance between the Seville 2019 and Salou 2022 IFCPF World Cups. Goals from eighty-eight matches over two consecutive IFCPF World Cups, in which the 16 best-ranked national teams took part, were analysed. The results revealed a decrease in the average of goals per match between championships (from 5.6 to 4.5 goals/match). Scored and received goals correlated to the teams’ final ranking position in both Seville 2019 and Salou 2022. The distribution of goals by halves and 15-minute periods, the probability of winning the match when a team scores first, the classification of goalkeepers and scoring players, and the type of goals (type of attack, the action leading to the goal, and the distance of the goal) in Salou 2022 in comparison to the Seville 2019 World Cup, a notable enhancement in the parity among the teams involved is discernible, alongside a rise in the competitive nature of CP football spanning across the aforementioned tournaments. This study also provides some practical applications to CP football coaches and practitioners as the importance to concede fewer goals rather than scoring more, the importance of scoring first, the importance of physical performance in the last minutes of the match, the importance of FT2 players as scorers rather than FT3 players or the most effective kind of attacks.

Keywords: Para-sport, international, performance analysis, paralympic, soccer.

 

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Publicado

2024-06-05

Cómo citar

Peña Gónzalez, I., Maggiolo, J. F., Roldán, A., & Moya-Ramón, M. (2024). Análisis de los patrones de anotación de goles como un factor para comprender la evolución del fútbol internacional para personas con parálisis cerebral (Analysis of goal scoring patterns as a factor in understanding the evolution of international cerebral palsy football). Retos, 57, 362–370. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v57.104718

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