Exploring key moments of empowerment of young people through their own life stories

Asun Llena-Berñe, Ingrid Agud-Morell, Sónia Páez de la Torre, Carles Vila-Mumbrú

Abstract


This article presents the stories of six young people who shared their percep¬tions of what they believe has empowered them. The aim was to identify those moments, places and processes that have contributed to this empowerment. The starting point for their stories was the definition of empowerment provided by the HEBE project. After briefly dis¬cussing the complex nature of the concept of empowerment, the methodological strategy used will be explained, followed by a description of the narrative process and of how the young participants were selected. Then the most important findings regarding the moments, places and processes identified will be discussed. These include the contributions made by the young participants, together with the analysis and extracts selected by the researchers. Each story will be examined in depth and linked to the others, thus triangulating the data pro¬vided by each participant. Places such as family and work environments and community life are particularly emphasized, as are moments and periods such as the gaze of others, critical incidents, and adolescence, together with processes such as decision making, the recognition of others and action. The article concludes with a number of important elements that arose in the stories, as well as some questions that still remain to be answered.

Keywords


Life stories; Empowerment; youth; places of empowerment; moments of empowerment

References


Agudo, B., & Albornà, R. (2011). Autonomía y empoderamiento de las personas jóvenes [Young people autonomy and empowerment]. Revista de Estudios de Juventud, 94, 89-100.

Bertaux, D. (1980). El enfoque biográfico: su validez metodológica, sus potencialidades, Cahiers internationaux de sociologie, LXIX, 197-225.

Bisquerra Alzina, R. (2004). Metodología de la investigación educativa. Madrid: La Muralla.

Botto, A. (2011). Dimensión ética de la investigación cualitativa. Revista GPU, Psiquiatría Universitaria, 354-357. Recuperado de: http://revistagpu.cl/2011/GPU_Dic_2011_PDF/Editorial.pdf.

Cornejo, M., Rojas, R.C., & Mendoza, F. (2008). La investigación con Relatos de Vida: Pistas y opciones del Diseño Metodológico. Psykhe, 17, 29-39.

Checkoway, B. (2011). What is youth participation? Children and Youth Services Review, 33, 340-345.

Denzin, N. K., & Lincoln, Y. S. (1994). Handbook of Qualitative Research. California: Sage Thousand Oaks.

Ferrarotti, F. (2011). Las Historias de Vida como Método. Acta Sociológica, 56, 95-119.

Garriga Tella, P. (2014). Apoderament juvenil. Com i cap on? Girona: Universitat de Girona. http://dugidoc.udg.edu/ bitstream/handle/10256/9847/GarrigaTellaPaibi_Treball.pdf?sequence=1.

Hernández, K. S. (2009). El método historia de vida: alcances y potencialidades. Recuperado de: http://www.gestiopolis.com/economia/metodo-de-investigación-cualitativa.htm.

Hope, K. R. (2012). Engaging the youth in Kenya: Empowerment, education, and employment. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 17, 221-236.

Lucca, N., & Berrios, R (2009). Investigación cualitativa. Fundamentos diseños y estrategias. Puerto Rico: Ediciones SM.

Martin García, A.V. (1995). Fundamentación teórica y uso de las historias y relatos de vida Aula, 7, 41-60.

Pearrow, M. M., & Pollack, S. (2009). Youth empowerment in oppressive systems: Opportunities for school consultants. Journal of Educational and Psychological Consultation, 19, 45-60.

Pérez Serrano, G. (2000). Investigación cualitativa: Retos e interrogantes. En Técnicas y análisis de datos (3ª. ed.) Madrid: Editorial La Muralla, S.A.

Peterson, N. A. (2014). Empowerment theory: Clarifying the nature of higher-order multidimensional constructs. American journal of community psychology, 53, 96-108.

Pretto, A (2011). Analizar las historias de vida: reflexiones metodológicas y epistemológicas. Tabula Rasa, 15 julio-diciembre, 171-194.

Ruíz Olabuénaga, J. I. (2012). Historias de vida. En Metodología de la Investigación Cualitativa (pp. 267-313). Bilbao: Universidad de Deusto.

Russell, S. T., Muraco, A., Subramaniam, A., & Laub, C. (2009). Youth empowerment and high school gay-straight alliances. Journal of youth and adolescence, 38, 891-903.

Santamarina, C. & Marinas, J. M. (1995). Historias de vida e historia oral. e Historia Oral. En Delgado, J. y Gutiérrez, J. (Coord.): Métodos y técnicas cualitativas de investigación en ciencias sociales. Madrid: Síntesis.

Sarabia. B. (1985) Historias de Vida. Revista Española de Investigaciones Sociales, 29, 165-186.

Soler-Masó, P., Trilla, J., Jiménez-Morales, M., & Úcar, X (2017). La construcción de un modelo pedagógico del empoderamiento juvenil: espacios, momentos y procesos. En Pedagogía Social. Revista Interuniversitaria, 30, 25-40.

Taylor, S. J., y Bogdan, R. (1998). Introduction to qualitative research methods: A guide and resource (3ª ed.). New York: John Wiley&Sons.

Úcar Martínez, X., Jiménez-Morales, M., Soler Masó, P., & Trilla Bernet, J. (2016). Exploring the conceptualitzation and research of empowerment in the field of youth. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth. Doi: http://dx.doi. org/10.1080/02673843.2016.1209120.

Vallés, M. (1997). Técnicas de investigación social: Reflexión metodológica y práctica profesional. Madrid: Síntesis.

Wagaman, M. A. (2011). Social empathy as a framework for adolescent empowerment. Journal of Social Service Research, 37, 278-293.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.7179/PSRI_2017.30.06

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

DOI: 10.7179/PSRI

 

    

Licencia Creative Commons

Este obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 3.0 España.

ISSN: 1139-1723

DOI: 10.7179/PSRI