¿Puede el nivel de coordinación motora predecir el rendimiento en habilidades específicas de volea en los jóvenes? (Can motor coordination level predict performance on volleyball skills in youth?)


  • Daniel das Virgens Chagas Adjunct Professor at the State University of Rio de Janeiro



Palabras clave:

habilidades motoras, rendimiento deportivo, coordinación motora, adolescentes, educación física., (motor skills, sports performance, motor coordination, adolescents, physical education)


El objetivo principal de este estudio fue verificar si el nivel de coordinación motora, evaluado mediante una prueba genérica, puede predecir el rendimiento en habilidades específicas de volea en adolecentes. Material y métodos: Se reclutó a un total de 34 estudiantes adolescentes (media 14,4 ± 0,3 años). Prueba de coordinación de KörperkoordinationtestFür Kinder (KTK), se utilizó para evaluar el nivel de coordinación motora. El rendimiento motor en las habilidades específicas de voleibol se evaluó sobre la base de dos tareas orientadas al producto: servicio de voleibol por debajo del brazo y recepción de servicio de voleibol. Se adoptó una única medida que representa las habilidades de voleibol de los participantes. Se ejecutaron modelos de regresión lineal. Resultados: El análisis de regresión reveló que el equilibrio dinámico, las habilidades de salto y agilidad representaron el 8.5%, 17.0% y 30.5%, respectivamente, de la varianza en el desempeño en las habilidades de volea. Además, el modelo de regresión lineal múltiple predijo significativamente el 29,3% de la varianza en el rendimiento en las habilidades de volea. Sin embargo, solo la habilidad de agilidad fue un predictor significativo de la variable dependiente en este modelo múltiple. Discusión: El nivel de coordinación motora, evaluado mediante una prueba genérica, puede predecir el rendimiento en habilidades específicas de volea en la juventud. Nuestros hallazgos se suman al supuesto de que el KTK es una evaluación de la coordinación motora útil para ayudar a tomar decisiones en diferentes entornos.

Abstract. Introduction: Motor coordination is an underlying capacity to successful performs sport-specific skills. However, it is unknown whether motor coordination level can predict performance on volleyball skills. The main aim of this study was to verify whether motor coordination level, assessed using a generic test, can predict performance on volleyball skill sin youth. Material and methods: A total of 34 adolescent students (mean 14.4± 0.3 years) were recruited. The KörperkoordinationtestFür Kinder (KTK), a generic, non-sport specific test, composed by four tasks (i.e. dynamic balance, hopping, agility and moving sideways skills) was used to assess motor coordination level. Motor performance on volleyball skills was assessed on the basis of two product-oriented tasks: underhand volleyball serve and volleyball serve receiving. A single measure representing the volleyball skills of the participants was adopted. Linear regression models were executed. Results: Regression analysis revealed that dynamic balance, hopping and agility skills accounted for 8.5%, 17.0%and 30.5%, respectively, of the variance in the performance on volleyball skills. In addition, the multiple linear regression model significantly predicted 29.3% of the variance in the performance on volleyball skills. However, only agility skill was a significant predictor of the dependent variable in this multiple model. Discussion: Motor coordination level, assessed using a generic test, can predict performance on volleyball skills in youth. Our findings add to the assumption that KTK test can be a useful motor coordination assessment for supporting making-decisions in different settings, such as school physical education and talent identification programs. 


Abbott, A., & Collins, D. (2002). A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis of a 'State of the Art' Talent Identification Model. High Ability Studies, 13(2), 157–178. https://doi.org/10.1080/1359813022000048798

Bardy, D., Faugloire, B., Fourcade, P., & Stoffregen, T. (2006). Stabilization of old and new postural patterns in standing humans. Motor Learning and Neural Plasticity, 3, Artigo DOI: 10.1007/0-387-28287-4_7.

Bernstein, N. (1967). The co-ordination and regulation of movements. Pergamon Press.

Bozanic, A., & Beslija, T. (2010). Relations between fundamental movement skills and specific karate technique in 5-7 year old beginners. Sport Scicence, 3(1), 79–83.

di Cagno, A., Battaglia, C., Fiorilli, G., Piazza, M., Giombini, A., Fagnani, F., Borrione, P., Calcagno, G., & Pigozzi, F. (2014). Motor Learning as Young Gymnast's Talent Indicator. Journal of sports science & medicine, 13(4), 767–773. PMCID: PMC4234945

Chagas, D.V., & Batista, L. A. (2017). Comparison of Health Outcomes Among Children with Different Levels of Motor Competence. Human Movement, 18(2). https://doi.org/10.1515/humo-2017-0018

Chagas, D. V., Ozmun, J., & Batista, L. A. (2017). The relationships between gross motor coordination and sport-specific skills in adolescent non-athletes. Human Movement, 18(4). https://doi.org/10.1515/humo-2017-0037

Clark, J. E. (2005). From the Beginning: A Developmental Perspective on Movement and Mobility. Quest, 57(1), 37–45. https://doi.org/10.1080/00336297.2005.10491841

Deprez, D., Valente-dos-Santos, J., e Silva, M. C., Lenoir, M., Philippaerts, R. M., & Vaeyens, R. (2014). Modeling Developmental Changes in the Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test Level 1 in Elite Pubertal Soccer Players. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 9(6), 1006–1012. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2013-0368

Faber, I. R., Elferink-Gemser, M. T., Faber, N. R., Oosterveld, F. G., & Nijhuis-Van der Sanden, M. W. (2016). Can Perceptuo-Motor Skills Assessment Outcomes in Young Table Tennis Players (7-11 years) Predict Future Competition Participation and Performance? An Observational Prospective Study. PloS one, 11(2), e0149037. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149037

Gallahue, D. L. (2012). Understanding motor development: Infants, children, adolescents, adults (7a ed.). McGraw-Hill.

Jaakkola, T., Watt, A., & Kalaja, S. (2017). Differences in the Motor Coordination Abilities Among Adolescent Gymnasts, Swimmers, and Ice Hockey Players. Human Movement, 18(1). https://doi.org/10.1515/humo-2017-0006

Johnston, K., Wattie, N., Schorer, J., & Baker, J. (2018). Talent Identification in Sport: A Systematic Review. Sports medicine (Auckland, N.Z.), 48(1), 97–109. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-017-0803-2

Kamandulis, S., Venckūnas, T., Masiulis, N., Matulaitis, K., Balciūnas, M., Peters, D., & Skurvydas, A. (2013). Relationship between general and specific coordination in 8- to 17-year-old male basketball players. Perceptual and motor skills, 117(3), 821–836. https://doi.org/10.2466/25.30.PMS.117x28z7

Kiphard, E., & Schilling, E. (2007). Körperkoordinationstestfür Kinder. Göttingen: Hogrefe.

Kokstejn, J., Musalek, M., Wolanski, P., Murawska-Cialowicz, E., & Stastny, P. (2019). Fundamental Motor Skills Mediate the Relationship Between Physical Fitness and Soccer-Specific Motor Skills in Young Soccer Players. Frontiers in physiology, 10, 596. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2019.00596

Latash M. (2013).Fundamentals of Motor Control.New York: Elsevier

Lech, G., Jaworski, J., Lyakh, V., & Krawczyk, R. (2011). Effect of the level of coordinated motor abilities on performance in junior judokas. Journal of human kinetics, 30, 153–160. https://doi.org/10.2478/v10078-011-0083-0

Luis-de Cos, G., Arribas-Galarraga, S., Luis-de Cos, I., & Arruza Gabilondo, J. A. (2019). Competencia motriz, compromiso y ansiedad de las chicas en Educación Física (Motor competence, commitment, and anxiety in girls during physical education classes). Retos, 36, 231-238. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v36i36.64243

Montenegro Arjona, O., Morales Vargas, M., & Parra Buendía, J. (2020). Efecto del Programa de Ejercicios con las Figuras M3 sobre la Coordinación (Effect of the Exercise Program with Figures M3 on Coordination). Retos, 41, 78-87. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v0i41.82319

Mostaert, M., Pion, J., Lenoir, M., & Vansteenkiste, P. (2020). A Retrospective Analysis of the National Youth Teams in Volleyball: Were They Always Faster, Taller, and Stronger?. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 10.1519/JSC.0000000000003847. Advance online publication.

Opstoel, K., Pion, J., Elferink-Gemser, M., Hartman, E., Willemse, B., Philippaerts, R., Visscher, C., & Lenoir, M. (2015). Anthropometric Characteristics, Physical Fitness and Motor Coordination of 9 to 11 Year Old Children Participating in a Wide Range of Sports. PLOS ONE, 10(5), Artigo e0126282. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126282

Pion, J., Fransen, J., Lenoir, M., & Segers, V. (2014). The value of non-sport-specific characteristics for talent orientation in young male judo, karate and taekwondo athletes. Archives of Budo, 10, 147–154. http://www.archbudo.com/abstracted.php?level=5&ICID=1109842

Pion, J. A., Fransen, J., Deprez, D. N., Segers, V. I., Vaeyens, R., Philippaerts, R. M., & Lenoir, M. (2015). Stature and jumping height are required in female volleyball, but motor coordination is a key factor for future elite success. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 29(6), 1480–1485. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000778

O’Brien-Smith, J., Tribolet, R., Smith, M. R., Bennett, K. J. M., Fransen, J., Pion, J., & Lenoir, M. (2019). The use of the Körperkoordinationstest für Kinder in the talent pathway in youth athletes: A systematic review. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 22(9), 1021–1029. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2019.05.014

Rijo, A., Fernández Cabrera, J., Hernández Moreno, J., Sosa Álvarez, G., & Pacheco Lara, J. (2020). (Re) pensar la competencia motriz ((Re) think motor competence). Retos, 40, 375-384. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v1i40.82959

Söğüt, M. (2016). Gross motor coordination in junior tennis players. Journal of Sports Sciences, 34(22), 2149–2152. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2016.1211311

Tompsett, C., Sanders, R., Taylor, C., & Cobley, S. (2017). Pedagogical Approaches to and Effects of Fundamental Movement Skill Interventions on Health Outcomes: A Systematic Review. Sports Medicine, 47(9), 1795–1819. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-017-0697-z

Vaeyens, R., Güllich, A., Warr, C. R., & Philippaerts, R. (2009). Talent identification and promotion programmes of Olympic athletes. Journal of Sports Sciences, 27(13), 1367–1380. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410903110974

Vandorpe, B., Vandendriessche, J., Vaeyens, R., Pion, J., Lefevre, J., Philippaerts, R., & Lenoir, M. (2011). Factors discriminating gymnasts by competitive level. International journal of sports medicine, 32(8), 591–597. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0031-1275300




Cómo citar

Marinho, B., & das Virgens Chagas, D. (2022). ¿Puede el nivel de coordinación motora predecir el rendimiento en habilidades específicas de volea en los jóvenes? (Can motor coordination level predict performance on volleyball skills in youth?). Retos, 45, 195–201. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v45i0.90359



Artículos de carácter científico: trabajos de investigaciones básicas y/o aplicadas

Artículos más leídos del mismo autor/a