The attention of students during physical education class based on academic performance (La atención de los estudiantes durante la clase de educación física basada en el rendimiento académico)

  • Jorge Manuel Folgado dos Santos SHERU (Sport, Health and Exercise Research Unit). Instituto Politécnico de Castelo Branco http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5187-4862
  • João Manuel Patricio Duarte Petrica SHERU (Sport, Health and Exercise Research Unit); Instituto Politécnico de Castelo Branco, Castelo Branco, Portugal
  • João Júlio Matos Serrano SHERU (Sport, Health and Exercise Research Unit); Instituto Politécnico de Castelo Branco, Castelo Branco, Portugal
  • Marco Alexandre da Silva Batista SHERU (Sport, Health and Exercise Research Unit); Instituto Politécnico de Castelo Branco, Castelo Branco, Portugal
  • Samuel Alexandre de Almeida Honório SHERU (Sport, Health and Exercise Research Unit); Instituto Politécnico de Castelo Branco, Castelo Branco, Portugal
  • Luis Alberto Coelho Rebelo Maia Beira Interior University, Portugal - Center in Sports Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development (CIDESD)

Resumen

Abstract. Attention is an important variable that can dictate the success and failure of an activity or task. This variable is characterized by the ability to direct cognitive resources to a given situation. The purpose of this research was to find patterns in the students' attention profiles, according to their academic achievement, during the physical education class and in different sports. We used the ATEST-EF questionnaire (Petrica, 2010) in which students had to answer the question "What were you thinking the moment you heard the signal?" The study involved 156 students from the 3th cycle of basic education, aged between 12 and 16 years old ( 16vó">  = 14,7 ± 1,3) evaluated in four different sports taught in the discipline of physical education (athletics, gymnastics, basketball and football), and in four moments of the class. Considering our variables, we used Chi-Square and Kruskal-Wallis statistical tests. The results show that task attendance holds the highest percentage values throughout the class in relation to the remaining categories, regardless of their academic performance and sport, but we observed that students with satisfactory and good academic performance have more stable values of attention regarding the students with less academic performance. We found statistical significance at the end of the class between students with good academic performance and affective attention, and among students with lower academic performance and attention to other things. Subsequently, we used the same classification to compare the profiles of attention among the four mentioned sports. We observed some patterns between team and individual sports, but did not find statistically differences, however the results suggest a positive relationship between attention and academic performance.

Resúmen: La atención es una variable importante que puede dictar el éxito y el fracaso de una actividad o tarea. Esta variable se caracteriza por la capacidad de dirigir recursos cognitivos a una situación dada. El propósito de esta investigación fue encontrar patrones en los perfiles de atención de los estudiantes, de acuerdo con sus logros académicos, durante la clase de educación física y en diferentes deportes. Utilizamos el cuestionario ATEST-EF (Petrica, 2010) en el que los estudiantes tenían que responder la pregunta "¿Qué estaba pensando en el momento en que escuchó la señal?" En el estudio participaron 156 estudiantes del tercer ciclo de educación básica, con edades comprendidas entre 12 y 16 años (= 14,7 ± 1,3) evaluados en cuatro deportes diferentes que se imparten en la disciplina de educación física (atletismo, gimnasia, baloncesto y fútbol), y en cuatro momentos de la clase. Considerando nuestras variables, utilizamos las pruebas estadísticas Chi-Square y Kruskal-Wallis. Los resultados muestran que la asistencia a las tareas tiene los valores porcentuales más altos en toda la clase en relación con las categorías restantes, independientemente de su rendimiento académico y deporte, pero observamos que los estudiantes con un rendimiento académico satisfactorio y bueno tienen valores de atención más estables con respecto a los estudiantes con Menos rendimiento académico. Encontramos significación estadística al final de la clase entre estudiantes con buen rendimiento académico y atención afectiva, y entre estudiantes con bajo rendimiento académico y atención a otras cosas. Posteriormente, utilizamos la misma clasificación para comparar los perfiles de atención entre los cuatro deportes mencionados. Observamos algunos patrones entre el equipo y los deportes individuales, pero no encontramos diferencias estadísticas, sin embargo, los resultados sugieren una relación positiva entre la atención y el rendimiento académico.

Citas

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Publicado
2020-01-19
Cómo citar
Folgado dos Santos, J., Patricio Duarte Petrica, J., Serrano, J., Batista, M., Honório, S., & Maia, L. (2020). The attention of students during physical education class based on academic performance (La atención de los estudiantes durante la clase de educación física basada en el rendimiento académico). Retos, 38(38), 222-228. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v38i38.74650
Sección
Artículos de carácter científico: trabajos de investigaciones básicas y/o aplicadas

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