La adiposidad corporal se relaciona con el rendimiento del salto horizontal en niños

Rossana Gomez-Campos, Ignacio Cruz-Flores, Jorge Mendez-Cornejo, Paz Pezoa-Fuentes, Camilo Urra-Albornoz, Marco Antonio Cossio-Bolaños

Resumen


Los objetivos del estudio fueron a) Comparar el índice de masa corporal (IMC) de los escolares con los valores de IMC de la referencia internacional del Centro para el Control y Prevención de Enfermedades (CDC-2012) e b) indagar si el exceso de IMC se relaciona con el desempeño del salto horizontal (SH) de niños. Se efectuó un estudio de tipo descriptivo correlacional. Se investigó por conveniencia a 156 niños de 6 y 10 años de edad (91 hombres y 65 mujeres) de un Colegio Municipal de Talca (Chile). Se evaluó la edad, peso, estatura y salto horizontal. Se calculó el IMC y se clasificó en categorías de normopeso y exceso de peso de acuerdo al CDC-2012. Los valores promedios de los niños estudiados fueron superiores al CDC-2012 en 1.5kg a 2.5kg en ambos sexos. Se verificó relaciones negativas y significativas entre el IMC y el SH en los clasificados con exceso de peso, oscilando en hombres (r= - 0,15 a -0.64) y en mujeres (r= - 0,25 a -0,24). Los niños presentaron mayores niveles de IMC en relación a la referencia del CDC-2012. Este aumento significativo de adiposidad se relaciona negativamente con el desempeño de SH de los niños, especialmente cuando son clasificados con exceso de peso corporal.

Palabras clave


Adiposidad, Salto horizontal, niños

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Referencias


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