Creación de Ocasiones de Gol en la UEFA Champions League Masculina y Femenina. Diferencias y Similitudes Tácticas (Creating Goal Scoring Opportunitites in Men and Women UEFA Champions League Soccer Matches. Tactical Similarities and Differences)

  • Michalis Mitrotasios Department of Team Sports, School of Physical Education & Sport Science, National & Kapodistrian University of Athens (Athens, Greece)
  • Joaquin González-Rodenas Sport Studies Center. Rey Juan Carlos University. Madrid (Spain)
  • Vasilis Armatas Department of Team Sports, School of Physical Education & Sport Science, National & Kapodistrian University of Athens (Athens, Greece)
  • Rafael Aranda Malavés Department of Physical Education and Sports. University of Valencia (Valencia, Spain)
Palabras clave: genero, fútbol femenino, ocasiones de gol, ataque, estilo de juego

Resumen

El objetivo de este estudio fue describir y comparar la creación de ocasiones de gol en la UEFA Champions League tanto masculina como femenina. La muestra incluye 819 posesiones de equipo que consiguieron producir ocasiones de gol en 32 partidos aleatorios (16=masculino; 16 femenino) durante la temporada 2018-2019. Un total de 17 indicadores tácticos relacionados con el inicio, desarrollo y final de las posesiones fueron evaluadas a través de metodologia observacional. Un test de Student para muestras independientes fue utilizado para analizar las diferencias entre generos. En el inicio de la posesión, los hombres iniciaron sus secuencias ofensivas menos frecuentemente en el campo contrario (38.07±16.82% vs 64.78±23.30%; p<.05; ES=1.10) y con una menor frecuencia de presión adversaria (48.67±21.77% vs 64.18±20.88%; p<.05; ES=.0.68) que las mujeres. En cuanto al desarrollo, los hombres registraron posesiones con más duración (18.48±6.58 vs 15.14±6.01 segundos: p<.05; ES=0.51), mayor proporción de ataques combinativos (30.83±16.55% vs 20.55±16.87%; p<.05; ES=0.54), asi como más pases por posesión (6.36±2.41 vs 4.48±2.08; p<0.05; ES=0.77) y una mayor velocidad en el ritmo de pases (un pase cada 3.27±0.58 vs 4.01±0.80 segundos; p<.05; ES=0.94) que las mujeres. Como conclusión, exiten diferencias tácticas entre el fútbol masculino y femenino durante el inicio y el desarrollo de las posesiones en la UEFA Champions League, mientras que no se han observado diferencias en el final de las posesiones.

Abstract. The aim of the present study was to describe and compare how goal scoring opportunities emerge in both men and women UEFA Champions League. The sample included 819 team possessions that led to the creation of goal scoring opportunities from 32 random matches (16=men; 16=momen) during the 2018-2019 season. A total of 17 tactical indicators related to the start, development and the end of the team possessions were evaluated by observational methodology. An independent samples T Test was used to analyze the differences between gender. For the possessions start, men initiated the playing sequences less frequently in the opposing half (38.07±16.82% vs 64.78±23.30%; p<.05; ES=1.10) and against less frequent opponent pressure (48.67±21.77% vs 64.18±20.88%; p<.05; ES=0.68) than women. Regarding the possessions development, men registered longer duration of team possessions (18.48±6.58 vs 15.14±6.01 seconds: p<.05; ES=0.51), greater proportion of combinative attacks (30.83±16.55% vs 20.55±16.87%; p<.05; ES=0.54), as well as more passes per possession (6.36±2.41 vs 4.48±2.08; p<.05; ES=0.77) and faster passing tempo (one pass each 3.27±0.58 vs 4.01±0.80 seconds; p<.05; ES=0.94) than women. In conclusion, there are different tactical behaviours between men and women during the start and development of team possessions in UEFA Champions League soccer matches, while no differences were found at the end of the team possessions. 

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Publicado
2022-01-06
Cómo citar
Mitrotasios, M., González-Rodenas, J., Armatas, V., & Aranda Malavés, R. (2022). Creación de Ocasiones de Gol en la UEFA Champions League Masculina y Femenina. Diferencias y Similitudes Tácticas (Creating Goal Scoring Opportunitites in Men and Women UEFA Champions League Soccer Matches. Tactical Similarities and Differences). Retos, 43, 154-161. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v43i0.88203
Sección
Artículos de carácter científico: trabajos de investigaciones básicas y/o aplicadas