Comparación de la carga interna y externa en competición oficial de 3 vs. 3 y 5 vs. 5 en baloncesto femenino (Comparison of internal and external load in official 3 vs. 3 and 5 vs. 5 female basketball competitions)


  • María Reina
  • Javier García Rubio
  • Antonio Antúnez
  • Sergio José Ibáñez


Palabras clave:

baloncesto, modalidad de juego, carga interna, carga externa (basketball, play modality, internal load, external load)


La modalidad de juego de 3 vs. 3 en baloncesto es una nueva adaptación del baloncesto convencional (5 vs. 5) en auge. El objetivo de este trabajo consistió en describir los requerimientos de carga interna y externa que demandan ambas competiciones y, en segundo lugar, analizar las posibles diferencias existentes entre ellas. Dos grupos fueron analizados. Por un lado, 10 jugadoras pertenecientes a un equipo U21, el cuál disputó ocho partidos de liga regional en la modalidad cinco contra cinco (n=80). Por otro lado, ocho jugadoras pertenecientes a dos equipos U18 que disputaron tres partidos cada uno en el campeonato de España de la modalidad de tres contra tres (n=24). Se analizaron variables de carga interna: Frecuencia cardíaca media (HRAvg), máxima (HRMáx), % (%HRMáx) y zonas de intensidad (Z1, Z2, Z3, Z4, Z5, Z6); y variables de carga externa: Número de pasos, saltos e impactos por minuto a través del uso de inertial devices (IMUs). Las variables de HRAvg, %HRMáx, Z6, número de impactos y saltos por minuto fueron significativamente mayores en la modalidad de 3 vs. 3 (181,50 HRAvg frente a 171,16 ppm; 90,75 %HRMáx frente a 84,59 %; 85,16% en Z6 frente a 8,10%; 7,45 impactos por minuto frente a 1,65; y 4,50 saltos por minuto frente a 1,80). En el 5 vs. 5 se encontraron valores significativamente superiores en las zonas bajas e intermedias (Z1, Z2, Z3, Z4 y Z5) y en el número de pasos realizados por minuto (53,32 pasos por minuto frente a 44,40). Ambas modalidades tienen unas demandas diferentes en el juego y, por lo tanto, se deben prescribir entrenamientos específicos para cada modalidad, puesto que la competición también es diferente.


Abstract. Three vs. three basketball is a new adaptation of conventional basketball (five vs. five) that is currently on the rise. The purpose of this study is to describe the internal and external load requirements demanded by both competitions and, in addition, to analyze the possible differences between them. Two study groups were analyzed. On the one hand, ten players belonging to a U21 team, who played eight regional league matches in the five vs. five modality (n = 80). On the other hand, eight players belonging to two U18 teams who played three matches each one in the three vs. three Spanish championship competition (n = 24). Internal load variables: Heat Rate mean (HRAvg), maximum (HRMáx), % (%HRMáx) and intensity zones; and external load variables: number of steps, jumps and impacts per minute were analyzed through the use of inertial devices (IMUs). The variables of HRAvg, % HRMáx, Z6, number of impacts and jumps were significantly higher in the 3 vs. 3 competition (181,50 HRAvg vs. 171,16 bpm; 90,75 %HRMáx vs. 84,59 %; 85,16% in Z6 vs. 8,10%; 7,45 impacts per minute vs. 1,65; y 4,50 jumps per minute vs. 1,80). In 5 vs. 5 significantly higher values were found in the low and intermediate zones (Z1, Z2, Z3, Z4 and Z5) and in the number of steps performed per minute (53,32 steps per minute vs. 44,40). Both modalities had different demands in the game and, therefore, specific training must be prescribed for each modality, since the competition is also different.


Abdelkrim, N. B., El Fazaa, S., & El Ati, J. (2007). Time–motion analysis and physiological data of elite under-19-year-old basketball players during competition. British journal of sports medicine, 41(2), 69-75.

Ato, M., López-García, J. J., & Benavente, A. (2013). Un sistema de clasificación de los diseños de investigación en psicología. Anales de Psicología, 29(3), 1038-1059.

Barreira, P.; Robinson, M. A.; Drust, B., Nedergaard, N.; Raja Azidin, R. M. F., & Vanrenterghem, J. (2017). Mechanical Player LoadTM using trunk-mounted accelerometry in football: Is it a reliable, task- and player-specific observation? Journal of Sports Sciences, 35(17), 1674–1681.

Barrett, S., Midgley, A. W., Towlson, C., Garrett, A., Portas, M., & Lovell, R. (2016). Within-match PlayerLoad™ patterns during a simulated soccer match: Potential implications for unit positioning and fatigue management. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 11(1), 135-140.

Bompa, T. O., & Haff, G. G. (2009). Periodization: Theory and methodology of training: Human Kinetics Publishers.

Boyle, P., Mahoney, C., & Wallace, W. (1994). The competitive demands of elite male field hockey. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 34(3), 235-241.

Buchheit, M., Laursen, P., Kuhnle, J., Ruch, D., Renaud, C., & Ahmaidi, S. (2009). Game-based training in young elite handball players. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 30(4), 251.

Castagna, C.; Impellizzeri, F. M.; Chaouachi, A.; Bordon, C., & Manzi, V. (2011). Effect of Training Intensity Distribution on Aerobic Fitness Variables in Elite Soccer Players: A Case Study. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25(1), 66–71.

Castro, J. M. C., & Martini, H. A. (2016). Potencia estadística y cálculo del tamaño del efecto en G* Power: complementos a las pruebas de significación estadística y su aplicación en psicología. Salud & Sociedad, 5(2), 210-244.

Conte, D., Favero, T. G., Lupo, C., Francioni, F. M., Capranica, L., & Tessitore, A. (2015). Time-Motion Analysis of Italian Elite Women's Basketball Games: Individual and Team Analyses. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 29(1), 144-150.

Coutinho, D., Gonçalves, B., Santos, S., Travassos, B., Wong, D. P., & Sampaio, J. (2019). Effects of the pitch configuration design on players’ physical performance and movement behaviour during soccer small-sided games. Research in Sports Medicine, 27(3), 298-313.

Chaouachi, A., Brughelli, M., Levin, G., Boudhina, N. B. B., Cronin, J., & Chamari, K. (2009). Anthropometric, physiological and performance characteristics of elite team-handball players. Journal of Sports Sciences, 27(2), 151-157.

Delextrat, A., Badiella, A., Saavedra, V., Matthew, D., Schelling, X., & Torres-Ronda, L. (2015). Match activity demands of elite Spanish female basketball players by playing position. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 15(2), 687-703.

Drinkwater, E. J., Pyne, D. B., & McKenna, M. J. (2008). Design and interpretation of anthropometric and fitness testing of basketball players. Sports Medicine, 38(7), 565-578.

Edgecomb, S. J., & Norton, K. I. (2006). Comparison of global positioning and computer-based tracking systems for measuring player movement distance during Australian football. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 9(1), 25-32.

Field, A. (2009). Discovering statistics using SPSS: Sage publications.

Foster, C. D., Twist, C., Lamb, K. L., & Nicholas, C. W. (2010). Heart rate responses to small-sided games among elite junior rugby league players. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 24(4), 906-911.

Gaudino, P., Alberti, G., & Iaia, F. M. (2014). Estimated metabolic and mechanical demands during different small-sided games in elite soccer players. Human Movement Science, 36, 123-133.

Hernández, D., Casamichana, D., & Sánchez-Sánchez, J. (2017). La cuantificación de la carga de entrenamiento como estrategia básica de prevención de lesiones. Revista de Preparación Física en el Fútbol, 24(2), 33-39.

Hill-Haas, S., Coutts, A., Rowsell, G., & Dawson, B. (2009). Generic versus small-sided game training in soccer. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 30(09), 636-642.

Hodgson, C., Akenhead, R., & Thomas, K. (2014). Time-motion analysis of acceleration demands of 4v4 small-sided soccer games played on different pitch sizes. Human Movement Science, 33, 25-32.

Matthew, D., & Delextrat, A. (2009). Heart rate, blood lactate concentration, and time–motion analysis of female basketball players during competition. Journal of Sports Sciences, 27(8), 813-821.

McCormick, B. T., Hannon, J. C., Newton, M., Shultz, B., Miller, N., & Young, W. (2012). Comparison of physical activity in small-sided basketball games versus full-sided games. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 7(4), 689-697.

McInnes, S., Carlson, J., Jones, C., & McKenna, M. J. (1995). The physiological load imposed on basketball players during competition. Journal of Sports Sciences, 13(5), 387-397.

Metzler, M. (2017). Instructional models in physical education: Taylor & Francis.

Montgomery, P. G., Pyne, D. B., & Minahan, C. L. (2010). The physical and physiological demands of basketball training and competition. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 5(1), 75-86.

Narazaki, K., Berg, K., Stergiou, N., & Chen, B. (2009). Physiological demands of competitive basketball. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 19(3), 425-432.

Olthof, S., Frencken, W., & Lemmink, K. (2017). Match-derived relative pitch area changes the physical and team tactical performance of elite soccer players in small-sided soccer games. Journal of Sports Sciences, 1–7. doi:10.1080/02640414.2017.1403412

Ostojic, S. M., Mazic, S., & Dikic, N. (2006). Profiling in basketball: Physical and physiological characteristics of elite players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 20(4), 740.

Puente, C., Abián-Vicén, J., Areces, F., López, R., & Del Coso, J. (2017). Physical and physiological demands of experienced male basketball players during a competitive game. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 31(4), 956-962.

Rampinini, E., Impellizzeri, F. M., Castagna, C., Abt, G., Chamari, K., Sassi, A., & Marcora, S. M. (2007). Factors influencing physiological responses to small-sided soccer games. Journal of Sports Sciences, 25(6), 659-666.

Reina, M., García-Rubio, J., Feu, S., & Ibáñez, S. J. (2019). Training and Competition Load Monitoring and Analysis of Women's Amateur Basketball by Playing Position: Approach Study. Frontiers in Psychology, 9. 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02689

Reina, M.; Mancha-Triguero, D.; García-Santos, D.; García-Rubio, J., e Ibáñez, Sergio J. (2019). Comparación de tres métodos de cuantificación de la carga de entrenamiento en baloncesto. RICYDE. Revista internacional de ciencias del deporte. 58(15), 368-382.

Sampaio, J., Abrantes, C., & Leite, N. (2009). Power, heart rate and perceived exertion responses to 3x3 and 4x4 basketball small-sided games. Revista de Psicología del Deporte, 18(3), 463-467.

Sampaio, J., Gonçalves, B., Rentero, L., Abrantes, C., & Leite, N. (2014). Exploring how basketball players’ tactical performances can be affected by activity workload. Science & Sports, 29(4), e23-e30.

Tee, J. C., Lambert, M. I., & Coopoo, Y. (2016). GPS comparison of training activities and game demands of professional rugby union. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 11(2), 200-211.

Torres-Ronda, L., Ric, A., Llabres-Torres, I., de Las Heras, B., & i del Alcazar, X. S. (2016). Position-dependent cardiovascular response and time-motion analysis during training drills and friendly matches in elite male basketball players. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 30(1), 60-70.

Travassos, B., Duarte, R., Vilar, L., Davids, K., & Araujo, D. (2012). Practice task design in team sports: Representativeness enhanced by increasing opportunities for action. Journal of Sports Sciences, 30(13), 1447–1454

White, A. D., & MacFarlane, N. G. (2015). Analysis of international competition and training in men's field hockey by global positioning system and inertial sensor technology. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 29(1), 137-143.




Cómo citar

Reina, M., García Rubio, J., Antúnez, A., & Ibáñez, S. J. (2020). Comparación de la carga interna y externa en competición oficial de 3 vs. 3 y 5 vs. 5 en baloncesto femenino (Comparison of internal and external load in official 3 vs. 3 and 5 vs. 5 female basketball competitions). Retos, 37, 400–405.



Artículos de carácter científico: trabajos de investigaciones básicas y/o aplicadas