Asociación de la competencia en las habilidades motrices básicas con las actividades físico-deportivas extracurriculares y el índice de masa corporal en preescolares (Association of the fundamental movement skills competence with the extracurricular sport

  • Pablo Garcia-Marin Universidade de Santiago de Compostela http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5036-0675
  • Natalia Fernández-López Universidade de Santiago de Compostela
Palabras clave: Competencia motriz, habilidades motrices básicas, deporte extracurricular, índice de masa corporal, preescolares (Motor competence, fundamental movement skills, extracurricular sports, body mass index, preschoolers)

Resumen

El objetivo del estudio fue analizar la competencia en las habilidades motrices básicas de preescolares gallegos y su grado de asociación con las actividades físico-deportivas extracurriculares y el IMC. Se utilizó un diseño ex post-facto descriptivo correlacional. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 92 niños (5.7±.4 años) y 68 niñas (5.8±.4 años). Los participantes fueron asignados al grupo (A) (n = 92) cuando realizaron un mínimo de dos horas a la semana de actividades físico-deportivas extracurriculares durante los últimos seis meses, o al grupo (B) (n = 68), si no cumplían con el requisito anterior. Las habilidades motrices fueron evaluadas con el Test of Gross Motor Development-2ª edition. El grupo (A) alcanzó mayor puntuación en el coeficiente motor grueso (p < .001), en la escala de habilidades locomotrices (p < .001), en la de control de objetos (p < .001) y en todas las habilidades, excluyendo la de galopar (p = .294). El IMC se asoció con la competencia motriz (p < .001) y con la participación en actividades físico-deportivas extracurriculares (p = .001). Además, correlacionó con el coeficiente motor grueso (p = .009), la escala de habilidades locomotrices (p = .017) y la de control de objetos (p = .018), así como con galopar (p < .001), saltar un obstáculo (p = .001) y chutar (p =.045). La práctica de actividades físico-deportivas extracurriculares se asoció con mejores niveles de competencia motriz y menores índices de sobrepeso y obesidad en los preescolares.


Abstract: The aim of the study was to analyze the fundamental movement skills competence of the Galician preschoolers and its association with the extracurricular sports and the BMI. A correlational descriptive ex post facto design was used. The sample was composed by 92 boys (5.7±.4 years) and 68 girls (5.8±.4). Participants were included in group (A) (n = 92) when they were engaged in extracurricular sports a minimum of two hours/week over the past six months, or in group (B) (n =68), if they did not meet the previous condition. The fundamental movement skills were assessed with the Test of Gross Motor Development-2ª edition. Group (A) reached significatively more score in the gross motor quotient (p < .001), the locomotor scale (p < .001), the object control scale (p < .001) and in all the fundamental movement skills, excluding gallop (p = .294). BMI was associated with motor competence (p < .001) and extracurricular sports (p = .001). In addition, it was correlated with the gross motor quotient (p = .009), the locomotor scale (p = .017), the object control scale (p = .018), as well as with gallop (p < .001), leap (p =.001) and kick (p =.045). The practice of extracurricular sports was associated with better levels of motor competence and lower rates of overweight and obesity in the preschoolers.

Citas

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Publicado
2019-11-15
Cómo citar
Garcia-Marin, P., & Fernández-López, N. (2019). Asociación de la competencia en las habilidades motrices básicas con las actividades físico-deportivas extracurriculares y el índice de masa corporal en preescolares (Association of the fundamental movement skills competence with the extracurricular sport. Retos, 38(38), 33-39. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v38i38.71896
Sección
Artículos de carácter científico: trabajos de investigaciones básicas y/o aplicadas