Un modelo de ecuaciones estructurales sobre el efecto de la salud en la intención de practicar desplazamiento activo: estudio de la invarianza factorial por sexo y edad (A structural equation model about the effect of health on behaviour intention to pra

Palabras clave: Actividad motora, salud, ambiente, transporte, sexo, edad (Motor activity, health, environment, transportation, sex, age).

Resumen

 

En los últimos años ha habido un elevado crecimiento de problemas de salud en las personas, tales como obesidad, sobrepeso, diabetes, etc. Una forma de combatir este problema es el desplazamiento activo. El objetivo de este trabajo es evaluar el efecto de la salud, el confort y la conciencia medioambiental sobre la intención de practicar desplazamiento activo, así como estudiar la invarianza factorial por sexo y edad. Para ello se diseñó un cuestionario y se distribuyó mediante un muestreo por conveniencia con efecto de bola de nieve, obteniéndose 448 respuestas válidas. Para el análisis se especificó y estimó un modelo de ecuaciones estructurales con AMOS. Los resultados permitieron verificar la fiabilidad y validez del modelo de medida y del modelo estructural. De igual modo, los resultados permitieron concluir que se cumple la invarianza factorial para la variable sexo, pero no se cumple la invarianza factorial estricta para la variable edad.

Abstract. A growing of health problems in people have been in recent years, as obesity, overweight, diabetes, etc. Active commuting is a way to combat these problems. The objective of this work is to assess the effect of health, comfort and environmental awareness on behaviour intention to practice active commuting, as well as to study the factorial invariance by sex and age. For this purpose, a questionnaire was designed and distributed by means of a convenience sample with snowball effect. 448 responses were obtained from this sample. The specification and estimation of structural equation model with AMOS was designed for the analysis of the data. The results show that the reliability and validity of measurement model and structural model is verified. The results also show that factorial invariance by sex is verified but strict factorial invariance for age is not verified.

Biografía del autor/a

José M. Ramírez Hurtado, Universidad Pablo de Olavide
Profesor del Departamento de Economía, Métodos Cuantitativos e Historia Económica

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Publicado
2022-04-01
Cómo citar
Ortiz Sánchez, J., Ramírez Hurtado, J. M., & Contreras, I. (2022). Un modelo de ecuaciones estructurales sobre el efecto de la salud en la intención de practicar desplazamiento activo: estudio de la invarianza factorial por sexo y edad (A structural equation model about the effect of health on behaviour intention to pra. Retos, 44, 386-394. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v44i0.90738
Sección
Artículos de carácter científico: trabajos de investigaciones básicas y/o aplicadas