Anthropometric profile and conditional factors of U21 Spanish elite beach volleyball players according to playing position (Perfil antropométrico y factores condicionales de los jugadores españoles élite sub-21 según la posición de juego)

  • Sergio Sebastia-Amat University of Alicante
  • Basilio Pueo Universidad de Alicante
  • Lamberto Villalon-Gasch University of Alicante
  • Jose Manuel Jimenez-Olmedo University of Alicante

Resumen

Abstract. The aim of this work was to describe and study the relationship between anthropometric and conditional factors of under-21 high-performance beach volleyball players according to playing position. The sample consisted of 5 male teams (5 blockers and 5 defenders) belonging to Spanish men’s national beach volleyball team or participants in international tournaments. Anthropometric profile was assessed following the guidelines proposed by ISAK. The tests performed to assess conditional factors were: vertical jump (SJ, CMJ and ABK), 5- and 10-m sprint (S5m and S10m), agility test (AT) and overhead medicine ball throw in a standing position (OTSP) and on knees position (OTKP). Mann-Whitney U test was applied to compare blockers and defenders and Pearson correlation coefficient (r) was used to determine the relationships between anthropometric and conditional variables. The results showed that U21 Spanish beach volleyball players had lower values for height and body weight than international players of the same category. Regarding playing position, blockers showed higher values of height, weight, muscle mass and bone weight than defenders (p<0.05). The somatotype for blockers and defenders were classified as ecto-mesomorph. Relationships have been found between anthropometric variables (height, weight, bone, muscle and fat) and conditional factors. The conditional tests did not show significant differences between blockers and defenders except those which required to mobilize an external weight, in which case blockers showed a better performance.

 

Resumen. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue describir y estudiar la relación existente entre el perfil antropométrico y los factores condicionales de los jugadores de voleibol de playa de alto rendimiento en la categoría sub-21 en función de la posición de juego. La muestra consistió en 5 equipos (5 bloqueadores y 5 defensores) pertenecientes al equipo nacional de voleibol de playa masculino o participantes en torneos internacionales. El perfil antropométrico se evaluó siguiendo las pautas propuestas por ISAK. Las pruebas realizadas para evaluar los factores condicionales fueron: salto vertical (SJ, CMJ y ABK), sprint de 5 y 10 m (S5m y S10m), prueba de agilidad (AT) y lanzamiento de balón medicinal de pie (OTSP) y en posición de rodillas (OTKP). La prueba U de Mann-Whitney se aplicó para comparar los datos obtenidos de los bloqueadores y defensores, mientras que el coeficiente de correlación de Pearson (r) se utilizó para determinar las relaciones entre las variables antropométricas y el rendimiento del juego. Los jugadores españoles sub-21 mostraron valores más bajos en variables como el peso y la altura cuando fueron comparados con jugadores internacionales de la misma categoría. Los bloqueadores presentaron valores más elevados en cuanto a la altura, peso, masa muscular y peso óseo que los defensores (p<0,05). El somatotipo tanto para los bloqueadores como para los defensores se clasificó como ecto-mesomorfo. Se encontraron relaciones entre las características antropométricas (altura, el peso, masa ósea, masa muscular y componente graso) y los factores condicionales. Las pruebas de rendimiento no mostraron diferencias significativas entre posiciones de juego, excepto en aquellas en las que se tuvo que movilizar una carga externa, en cuyo caso los bloqueadores mostraron mejores resultados.

Biografía del autor/a

Basilio Pueo, Universidad de Alicante
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Citas

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Publicado
2020-04-14
Cómo citar
Sebastia-Amat, S., Pueo, B., Villalon-Gasch, L., & Jimenez-Olmedo, J. (2020). Anthropometric profile and conditional factors of U21 Spanish elite beach volleyball players according to playing position (Perfil antropométrico y factores condicionales de los jugadores españoles élite sub-21 según la posición de juego). Retos, 38(38), 620-625. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v38i38.76766
Sección
Artículos de carácter científico: trabajos de investigaciones básicas y/o aplicadas