Efectos del foam roller sobre el rango de movimiento, el dolor y el rendimiento neuromuscular: revisión sistemática (Foam roller effects on joint range of motion, pain, and neuromuscular performance: a systematic review)

  • Blanca Romero-Moraleda Department of Physical Education, Sport and Human Movement, Autonomous University of Madrid , Madrid , Spain
  • Alexandra López-Rosillo
  • Jaime González-García Faculty of Education and Health. Camilo José Cela University. Urb. Villafranca del Castillo, Calle Castillo de Alarcón, 49, 28692 Villanueva de la Cañada, Madrid
  • Esther Morencos Exercise and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Francisco de Vitoria University, UFV, Bulding E, Ctra. M-515 Pozuelo-Majadahonda Km 1,800, 28223, Pozuelo de Alarcón, Madrid.
Palabras clave: rodillo de espuma, rodillo de masaje, calentamiento, activación, rendimiento, recuperación y liberación auto-miofascial (foam roller, roller massager, warm up, activation, performance, myofascial release and self-myofascial release)

Resumen

Introducción: Debido al crecimiento exponencial del uso de foam roller tanto en el ámbito de la rehabilitación como en el entrenamiento, nuestro objetivo fue realizar una revisión sistemática para determinar la eficacia del uso de foam roller tanto para mejorar el calentamiento como favorecer los mecanismos de recuperación tras un estímulo de carga. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión sistemática en las bases de datos científicas (Pubmed, Wos, Scopus y PEDro). Los trabajos que cumplieron los criterios de inclusión fueron valorados en cuanto a su calidad metodológica a través de la escala PEDro. Resultados: Se examinaron 32 estudios publicados entre 2013 y 2019. En los cuales se analizaron las variables rango de movimiento (ROM) (n=19), dolor a través del umbral de dolor a la presión (PPT) o mediante escala visual analógica (VAS) (n=6). Para las variables de rendimiento se analizaron parámetros de fuerza a través del salto contra-movimiento (CMJ) (n=10), agilidad (n=4), máxima contracción isométrica voluntaria (MVIC) (n=4) y rendimiento en sprint (n=2). Conclusión: A pesar de la variabilidad de los estudios, el foam roller parece tener un efecto positivo en las variables de ROM, PPT y VAS. Con respecto a las variables de rendimiento, como CMJ, MVIC, velocidad y agilidad, existe controversia a la hora de determinar si existe una mejora significativa tras la aplicación del foam roller tanto en el calentamiento como en la recuperación post-ejercicio.


Abstract. Introduction: There is a widespread use of foam rollers in the field of rehabilitation and training. Therefore, our goal was to carry out a systematic review to determine the effectiveness of foam rollers both during warm-ups and after exercising as a means for increasing recovery. Methods: A systematic review was performed in the scientific databases Pubmed, Wos, Scopus, and PEDro from November to March 2019. The PEDro scale was used to rate the methodological quality of the studies included for review. Results: We examined 32 studies published between 2013 and 2019, which analyzed: ROM (n=19), pain through Pain Pressure Threshold (PPT) or Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), countermovement jump height (CMJ) (n=10), agility (n=4), maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) (n=4), and sprint performance (n=2). Conclusion: Despite the variability of the studies, foam rollers seem to have a positive effect on ROM, PPT, and VAS. When performance variables were analyzed (such as CMJ, MVIC, speed, and agility) there is controversy when determining if there is a significant improvement after the application of foam rollers in warm-ups or in post-exercise recovery.

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Publicado
2020-03-23
Cómo citar
Romero-Moraleda, B., López-Rosillo, A., González-García, J., & Morencos, E. (2020). Efectos del foam roller sobre el rango de movimiento, el dolor y el rendimiento neuromuscular: revisión sistemática (Foam roller effects on joint range of motion, pain, and neuromuscular performance: a systematic review). Retos, 38(38), 879-885. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v38i38.75532
Sección
Revisiones teóricas