Modificación de la composición corporal y del gasto energético en mujeres jóvenes tras un programa de entrenamiento aeróbico (Modification of body composition and energy expenditure in young women after an aerobic training program)

  • José Carlos Fernández García Universidad de Málaga
  • Ismael Gálvez Fernández Universidad de Málaga
  • Juan Gavala González
Palabras clave: mujer, sobrepeso, obesidad, entrenamiento aeróbico, IPAQ-SF (women, overweight, obesity, aerobic training, IPAQ-SF)

Resumen

Este estudio tiene como objetivo principal analizar como un programa de doce semanas de entrenamiento aeróbico afecta a la composición corporal y a la cantidad de actividad física de mujeres jóvenes con sobrepeso u obesidad. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 14 mujeres de 23,14±3,01 años e inicialmente con un 27,86±1,92 kg/m2 de índice de masa corporal (IMC). El entrenamiento se llevó a cabo durante doce semanas, ejecutándolo tres veces por semana y un tiempo de entre 60 y 90 minutos por sesión. Antes y después del programa se les hizo una evaluación antropométrica y realizaron el cuestionario IPAQ-SF. Los datos se clasificaron como sedentarios, ligeros, moderados o intensos según las recomendaciones generales de la Organización Mundial de la Salud. Se concluye que el entrenamiento aeróbico de doce semanas en mujeres jóvenes con sobrepeso u obesidad puede producir una disminución en sus hábitos sedentarios, así como una pérdida de peso, de masa grasa e IMC y un aumento de su masa magra y de esta forma poder influir en su calidad de vida y además en la mejora de su salud.


Abstract. The aim of this study was to analyze how a twelve-week aerobic training program affected body composition and amount of physical activity in overweight or obese young women. The sample consisted of 14 women aged 23,14 ± 3,01 years old and with an initial body mass index (BMI) of 27,86±1,92 kg/m2 . The training was carried out for twelve weeks, running three times a week with a duration between 60 and 90 minutes per session. Before and after the program their anthropometric data was measured, as well as the IPAQ-SF questionnaire was filled in. The data were classified as sedentary, light, moderate, or intense according to the general recommendations of the World Health Organization. As a conclusion, twelve-week aerobic training in young women who are overweight or obese can cause a decrease in their sedentary habits, as well as a loss of weight, fat mass, and BMI, together with an increase in their lean mass; thus it may be able to influence their quality of life as well as to improve their health.

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Publicado
2019-12-13
Cómo citar
Fernández García, J. C., Gálvez Fernández, I., & Gavala González, J. (2019). Modificación de la composición corporal y del gasto energético en mujeres jóvenes tras un programa de entrenamiento aeróbico (Modification of body composition and energy expenditure in young women after an aerobic training program). Retos, 38(38), 114-117. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v38i38.74659
Sección
Artículos de carácter científico: trabajos de investigaciones básicas y/o aplicadas

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