Actividad física y sueño en un grupo de tres adolescentes con autismo (Physical activity and sleep in a group of three teenagers with autism)

  • Andrés García Gómez Universidad de Extremadura
  • Miguel Moratinos Morillo IES Virgen de Guadalupe, Departamento de Orientación. Consejería de Educación. Junta de Extremadura
  • Juan Carlos Zambrano Sánchez IES Virgen de Guadalupe, Departamento de Orientación. Consejería de Educación. Junta de Extremadura
  • Librado José Cotrina Santano IES Virgen de Guadalupe, Departamento de Educación Física. Consejería de Educación. Junta de Extremadura
Palabras clave: Actividad física, autismo, necesidades educativas especiales, sueño (Autism, physical activity, sleep, special education needs)

Resumen

El propósito de este estudio fue comprobar si un aumento en el ejercicio físico podría mejorar el nivel de actividad física promedio y los patrones de sueño en adolescentes con autismo. La actividad física y el patrón de sueño se monitorearon en tres participantes con autismo mediante un acelerómetro triaxial. Los sujetos se sometieron a un programa para aumentar su actividad física a través de caminatas regulares, tres veces por semana durante un mes. Los resultados muestran niveles más altos de actividad física durante los "días de caminata" en comparación con los días sin esa actividad. La diferencia fue estadísticamente significativa y el efecto grande. Los participantes dormían más tiempo en los días con mayor actividad física (incluidos los "días de caminata"). La diferencia fue significativa, pero el efecto fue moderado. El programa de caminatas tuvo un efecto claro sobre el nivel de actividad física de los participantes, acercándolo a las recomendaciones internacionales, con una influencia positiva en su calidad de vida, mejorando su actividad física diaria y el tiempo de sueño.

Abstract. The purpose of this study was to find out if an increase in physical exercise could improve the level of average physical activity and sleep patterns in teenagers with autism. Physical activity and sleep pattern were monitored in three participants with autism by a triaxial accelerometer. They joint a programme to increase their physical activity thru regular walks - three times a week during a month. Results shew higher levels of physical activity during the 'walking days' compared the days without that activity. The difference was statistically significant and the effect large. The participants slept more time in the days with increased physical activity (including the ‘walking days’). The difference was significant, but the effect was moderate. The walking program had a clear effect on the level of physical activity in the participants getting them closer to the international recommendations, with positive influence on their quality of life, improving their daily physical activity and sleep.

Biografía del autor/a

Andrés García Gómez, Universidad de Extremadura
Doctor en Psicopedagogía. Profesor Asociado Departamento de Ciencias de la Educación, UEX. Director del EOEP Específico de Atención al alumnado con TGD de Cáceres,Consejería de Educación, Gobierno de Extremadura
Miguel Moratinos Morillo, IES Virgen de Guadalupe, Departamento de Orientación. Consejería de Educación. Junta de Extremadura
Profesor especialista en audición y lenguaje perteneciente  al aula especializadaa de autismo del Instituto Virgen de Guaalupe de Cáceres
Juan Carlos Zambrano Sánchez, IES Virgen de Guadalupe, Departamento de Orientación. Consejería de Educación. Junta de Extremadura
Profesor especialista en pedagogia terapeutica perteneciente  al aula especializadaa de autismo del Instituto Virgen de Guaalupe de Cáceres
Librado José Cotrina Santano, IES Virgen de Guadalupe, Departamento de Educación Física. Consejería de Educación. Junta de Extremadura
Profesor especialista enEducación Física perteneciente  al Instituto Virgen de Guaalupe de Cáceres

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Publicado
2020-01-24
Cómo citar
García Gómez, A., Moratinos Morillo, M., Zambrano Sánchez, J. C., & Cotrina Santano, L. J. (2020). Actividad física y sueño en un grupo de tres adolescentes con autismo (Physical activity and sleep in a group of three teenagers with autism). Retos, 38(38), 248-254. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v38i38.74586
Sección
Artículos de carácter científico: trabajos de investigaciones básicas y/o aplicadas