Actividad física, cognición y rendimiento escolar: una breve revisión desde las neurociencias (Physical Activity, cognition, and academic performance: a brief review from the neurosciences)

  • Ricardo Ortiz Pulido Universidad Veracruzana
  • María Luisa Ramírez Ortega Secretaria de Educación de Veracruz
Palabras clave: Actividad física, cognición, rendimiento académico, niños (Physical activity, cognition, academic performance, children)


En este trabajo describimos los efectos que tiene la actividad física sobre el rendimiento académico en niños de edad escolar desde una perspectiva de las neurociencias. También describimos como la actividad física ayuda a la regulación de la neurogénesis y angiogénesis a través de factores neurotrópicos en regiones y estructuras específicas del cerebro, lo cual permite lograr una mejor salud y rendimiento cognitivo en los niños. Considerando el efecto positivo de la actividad física, creemos que los tomadores de decisiones deben generar políticas publicas sustentables para que los niños en edad escolar tengan acceso a la actividad física escolar y extraescolar.

Abstract. In this paper we describe the effects that physical activity has on academic performance in school-aged children from a neuroscience perspective. We also describe as physical activity improves the regulation of neurogenesis and angiogenesis through neurotropic factors affecting specific regions and structures of brain, which in turn improves health and cognitive performance in children. Considering these positive outcomes, we strongly recommend that stake holders generate sustainable public policies providing reliable access to physical activity during and after the school day for children in school age.

Biografía del autor/a

Ricardo Ortiz Pulido, Universidad Veracruzana

Dr. Ricardo Ortiz Pulido.


Grados Académicos


  • Licenciado en Educación Física Deporte y Recreación
  • Universidad Veracruzana


  • Maestro en Ciencias Aplicadas a la Actividad Física

Universidad Veracruzana



    • Doctorado en Neuroetologia
    • Universidad Veracruzana
María Luisa Ramírez Ortega, Secretaria de Educación de Veracruz

Licencida en educación preescolar

Licenciada en educación Primaria

Maestria en Educación especial

Doctorado en Educación  

Jardin de niños "Obrero Campesino" 


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Cómo citar
Pulido, R., & Ramírez Ortega, M. (2020). Actividad física, cognición y rendimiento escolar: una breve revisión desde las neurociencias (Physical Activity, cognition, and academic performance: a brief review from the neurosciences). Retos, 38(38), 868-878.
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