Protestas y expansión de las políticas sociales en América Latina

Palabras clave: Estado de bienestar, movimientos sociales, reformas, desigualdades, universalismo

Resumen

América Latina presenció un resurgimiento de las protestas durante los 1990s y principios de la década
siguiente. Las personas salieron a las calles para oponerse a la liberalización de los servicios públicos y a niveles crecientes de desigualdad y pobreza. Esta situación parcialmente cambió en la década de 2000, cuando la región experimentó un período de expansión de las políticas sociales que extendió protecciones a grupos antes excluidos. ¿Qué rol tuvo la movilización popular en el giro al universalismo en las políticas sociales latinoamericanas? Este artículo explora este tema observando la relación entre la protesta, la fuerza electoral de la izquierda, y la adopción de reformas expansivas en salud, transferencias condicionadas, y pensiones no contributivas. El análisis ofrece evidencia de que la protesta es un aspecto relevante de las reformas de las políticas sociales, aunque sus efectos son sensibles a otras características del contexto político, y a la dimensión específica de la política considerada.

Biografía del autor/a

César Guzmán-Concha, Universidad de Ginebra

César Guzmán-Concha is a Marie-Sklodowska-Curie Fellow at the Institute of Citizenship Studies, University of Geneve. César main interests are political sociology and contentious politics, in particular social movements, power and change

Rossella Ciccia, Universidad de Oxford
Rossella Ciccia is associate professor of social policy at the Department of Social Policy and Intervention, University of Oxford. Her research focuses on comparative social policy analysis with a particular emphasis on issues relating to gender, care and employment.

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Publicado
2020-12-16
Cómo citar
Guzmán-Concha, C., & Ciccia, R. (2020). Protestas y expansión de las políticas sociales en América Latina. Revista Española De Sociología, 29(3 - Sup2), 189-205. https://doi.org/10.22325/fes/res.2020.83
Sección
Debates