Resilience and emotional intelligence: variables in protection of minors who reside in juvenile facilities.

Raúl Carretero-Bermejo

Abstract


Youths who reside in juvenile facilities find themselves with having to leave the centre when they reach 18 years old to become completely independent. In this difficult background,we ask ourselves what tools they are equipped with when facing this new situation. We find Emotional Intelligence and Resilience as two variables associated with their success, i.e. academic, social, professional at a relationship level, and in overcoming adverse situations. Thus, the aim of our study was to find out their scores in Emotional Intelligence and Resilience and compare them to scores of minors who live outside of these centres. The expectation was to find a significant difference between the two groups, where the minors who reside in a juvenile facility would get significantly lower scores in the two variables than the minors who live within family units and have no relation to social services. In the design of the study, youths in their 3rd and 4th year of the secondary school and the higher secondary 1st and 2nd courses were selected from both groups to examine variables in relation to their academic level, background and family motivations. A questionnaire was designed to gather social and family information data; it included the TMMS-24 test (Fernández-Berrocal, Extremera & Ramos, 2004) to probe their impressions on their emotional intelligence and the RESI-m test (Palomar & Gómez, 2010) to find information related to Resilience. The results show significant gaps in the scores obtained by the two groups. The minors who live in juvenile facilities qualify for significantly lower scores in Emotional Intelligence and Resilience, which implies they have fewer resources available to confront an adverse situation, as abandoning the centre when they become of age could be.

Keywords


Resilience; emotional intelligence; minors; social education; social intervention; juvenile facilities

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.7179/PSRI_2018.32.10

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DOI: 10.7179/PSRI