Time dedicated to physical-sportive leisure and time perspectives: revealing/concealing vulnerabilities

Nuria Codina, José Vicente Pestana, Ana María Ponce de León


Leisure is one of the activities that contribute the most to the integral develop-ment of youth, but it can also be a source of problems. This ambivalence may be the result of the temporal intensity with which certain leisure activities are or are not practiced; and also, the person’s subjective ratings of the activity. Based on these ideas, the relations between two conceptions of temporality – time spent and time perspective – and the experience of leisure in daily life – specifically, the perceptions of one’s freedom of choice and satisfaction – are analyzed with regards to physical-sportive leisure. The participants were 147 young people (63 girls and 84 boys) aged between 18 and 24 years (M = 21.18 years, SD = 2.00). The information was collected with two instruments: an ad hoc questionnaire akin to the Time Budget and the Time Perspective Inventory ). The results indicate that the time spent and the weekly frequency of physical-sports leisure are adequate, with differences between girls and boys – favoring the boys – with regard to the dedication to this activity. The time perspective is characterized by being predominantly positive, having the girls lower values in the negative past compared to that of boys. The inter-influences between one’s freedom of choice and the satisfaction felt about physical-sport leisure, as well as the positive aspects of the time perspective, give support to the need of studying leisure as a way of behaving in one’s free time, which is related to certain positive attitudes about the past, the present, and the future. In a broader sense, the above-mentioned inter-influences open new perspectives that could shed light on the vulnerabilities that can leisure may reveal/conceal.


Leisure; physical-sportive leisure; time perspective; leisure experience ;time budget


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.7179/PSRI_2018.31.05


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