Structural and cultural strategies in building social, economic, and ecological resilience towards an independent society




structural strategy, cultural strategy, building social resilience, economic resilience, environment resilience, independent societies


This study outlines structural and cultural strategies to build social, economic, and ecological resilience in independent societies. Independent communities are defined by social and economic resilience and ecological support. Socioeconomic and ecological resilience can be achieved through the efforts of the structural and cultural strategies of the government and the people concerned. The research method uses quantitative descriptive
mixed research studies and case studies. The research of the case study was conducted in one of the independent villages, which took place eclectically. Quantitative descriptive and case studies complement each other. The results showed that an independent society is a society that is able to meet and maintain social and economic needs and maintain ecology in a sustainable manner. Such independence and survivability can be achieved through structural
and cultural strategies. Structural strategy by revitalizing and functioning structural institutions. And its cultural strategy involves all elements of society and pays attention to cultural
aspects in every stage of development. The implementation of structural strategies has given rise to social, economic and ecological resilience toward an independent society. Community independence and resilience are supported by the fulfilment of the dimensions of Health,
Education, social capital and healthy and comfortable settlements, and economic and ecological dimensions. Based on this, the results of this study contribute to building an independent
society in the form of social, economic, and ecological resilience.

Author Biographies

Muhammad Arsyad, Universitas Halu Oleo

The author is a Head Lector on the Sociology Study Program of the Faculty of Social and Political
Sciences, Halu Oleo University who was born in Matalalang Selayar Regency on June 10, 1965.
The bachelor’s degree in sociology was obtained in 1990 from the Faculty of Social and Political
Sciences of Hasanuddin University, and a Master’s degree in 1999 from The Postgraduate of
Airlangga University, a Doctorate in 2017 from The Graduate Of Halu Oleo University. Become a
permanent lecturer at Fisip UHO since 1991.

Peribadi Askat, University Halu Oleo

The author as the first child was born on December 31, 1966 in Bajoe Village Tanete Riattang District
Bone District of South Sulawesi Province. Now, every day is a head lector at the Faculty of
Social and Political Sciences Halu Oleo Kendari University.

La Ode Monto Bauto, University Halu Oleo

Is author as permanent lecturer with the rank of Head of Lektor in the Sociology Study Program
of the Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Halu Oleo University who was born in Bonea Village
of La Salepa District of Muna Regency of Southeast Sulawesi on December 30, 1962. Bachelor’s
degree in Sociology in 1988 from the Faculty of Social and Political Sciences of Hasanuddin
University and a Master’s degree in 2001 from the Graduate Program of Universitas Padjadjaran
Bandung. The doctoral degree in 2014 was obtained from the University of Education Indonesia
(UPI) Bandung School. Become a permanent lecturer in the Department of Sociology Fisip Haluoleo


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