Cuatro niveles de auto-interpretación. Un paradigma para la filosofía social interpretativa y la crítica política

  • Hartmut Rosa Universität Jena
Palabras clave: identidad, crítica política, auto-interpretación, cambio social, patologías sociales

Resumen

Si queremos encontrar los criterios para el análisis crítico de los sistemas y procesos sociales no en un esquema abstracto y universalista sino a partir de las ‘auto-interpretaciones’ rectoras de las sociedades en cuestión, tal como lo sugieren los enfoques contextualistas y ‘comunitaristas’ contemporáneos de la filosofía social, surge entonces la importante pregunta de dónde se pueden encontrar estas auto-interpretaciones y cómo identificarlas. Este artículo presenta un modelo de acuerdo al cual existen cuatro esferas o ‘niveles’ independientes y parcialmente autónomos de auto-interpretaciones socialmente relevantes que tienen que ser tomadas en igual consideración para poder ofrecer una sólida base para la crítica social y política. Así, es a partir de las tensiones e incoherencias entre (A) ideas y doctrinas sociales, (B) instituciones y prácticas sociales, (C) creencias y convicciones individuales, y (D) prácticas corporales y hábitos que pueden identificar patologías sociales y prever posibles soluciones.

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Publicado
2020-12-20