POST-BOLOGNA POLICIES FOR TEACHER EDUCATION IN PORTUGAL: TENSIONS IN BUILDING PROFESSIONAL IDENTITIES

Carlinda Leite, Preciosa Fernandes, Fátima Sousa-Pereira

Resumen


Abstract:

The article analyses the model of initial basic education teacher training in Portugal resulting from the commitments made in the framework of the Bologna Process. This analysis focuses on the impact that the policy guidelines - that point to an improvement in education quality - have on the socialization with the teaching profession. The empirical study analyses policy guidelines for teacher training and the opinions of teachers responsible for initial teacher training courses obtained through a survey. Overall, the data show a moderate agreement with policies concerning teacher training and some tensions regarding the training model adopted. On the one hand, it is pointed out that this model offers reduced opportunities of professional socialization, but, on the other hand, it is considered that it allows greater flexibility in obtaining a degree to teach in different levels of the education system. From this point of view, it can be considered that this model resolves educative system problems related to teachers placement, currently facing an elevated number of teachers which is higher than necessary in some school levels.

Resumen:

El artículo analiza el modelo de formación inicial de maestros de educación básica en Portugal, como resultado de los compromisos hechos en el marco del Proceso de Bolonia. Se centra en los efectos que las políticas -que apuntan a una mejora en la calidad de la educación- tienen en la socialización de la profesión docente. La investigación analiza documentos políticos que orientan la formación de maestros y las opiniones de los profesores encargados de los cursos de la formación inicial obtenidas por cuestionario. En general, los datos muestran un moderado acuerdo con las políticas de formación de maestros y algunas tensiones en relación con el modelo de formación adoptado. Por un lado, se señala que este modelo ofrece reducidas oportunidades de socialización profesional, pero, por otro lado, se considera que permite una mayor flexibilidad en la obtención de una habilitación para ejercer la profesión en diferentes niveles del sistema educativo. Desde este punto de vista, se puede suponer que este modelo puede resolver problemas relacionados a la ubicación de los maestros, que enfrenta situaciones de exceso de docentes en algunos niveles de Educación Básica.


Palabras clave


Initial teacher training policies, bologna process, construction of teachers' professional identity, agenda for educational quality

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