The foreign policy of Qatar: From a mediating role to an active one

  • Ignacio Álvarez-Ossorio Universidad Complutense de Madrid
  • Leticia Rodríguez García Universidad de Granada
Palabras clave: Catar, Primavera Árabe, Al Jazeera, Irán, Arabia Saudí

Resumen

El objetivo de este artículo es examinar cómo afecta el proceso de toma de decisiones en la política exterior a la conducta de los Estados en el sistema internacional y cómo responden estos a las amenazas externas en función de factores internos, en especial las percepciones de amenaza y la capacidad de las instituciones para movilizar poder. A pesar de su escaso tamaño y reducida población, Catar ha alcanzado en las últimas décadas una enorme proyección regional. Nuestra hipótesis es que la Primavera Árabe obligó a Catar y al resto de monarquías de la región a reestructurar su política exterior. El rol mediador-integrador desempeñado hasta entonces por Doha dejó paso a un rol activo-independiente en el que las herramientas del hard power sustituyeron paulatinamente a las del soft power precedente. Este cambio agravó las tensiones con Arabia Saudí y Emiratos Árabes Unidos, que en 2017 decidieron imponer un bloqueo sobre Catar.

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Publicado
2021-07-24
Cómo citar
Álvarez-Ossorio, I., & Rodríguez García, L. (2021). The foreign policy of Qatar: From a mediating role to an active one. Revista Española De Ciencia Política, (56), 97-120. https://doi.org/10.21308/recp.56.04
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Sección monográfica