Los métodos mixtos de investigación para el análisis del cambio político en el Norte de África y Oriente Próximo

  • LUCIA G. DEL-MORAL Universidad de Granada
Palabras clave: democratización, cambio político, QCA, Norte de África, Oriente Próximo, estudios de área comparados, política comparada

Resumen

Los procesos de democratización constituyen un objeto de atención relevante para la política comparada. Sin embargo, las propuestas de carácter transnacional que confrontan casos de diferentes áreas atendiendo a la sensibilidad contextual son todavía escasas y las investigaciones comparadas basadas en enfoques de métodos mixtos (QCA) son muy excepcionales. Estos métodos presentan ciertas ventajas tanto conceptuales como metodológicas. Por un lado, la región adquiere relevancia como criterio ordenador y no como elemento explicativo. Por otro lado, ayudan a evaluar teorías previamente aplicadas a ciertos contextos regionales o locales. Este enfoque mixto es altamente adaptable a los estudios sobre cambio político, y es especialmente útil para los estudios comparados. Así, permite la descripción contextual de los países; favorece la clasificación; posibilita la evaluación de teorías previas, y facilita la comparación. No obstante, la mayoría de las publicaciones QCA se orientan a la evaluación de teorías clásicas y no tienen en cuenta la asimetría de los procesos de cambio político. A este respecto, esta nota de investigación aconseja distinguir entre los tipos de cambio político e incluir nuevas condiciones que solo han sido cubiertas desde los análisis intrarregionales y los estudios de caso sobre la región del Norte de África y Oriente Próximo (MENA).

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Publicado
2020-07-26
Cómo citar
DEL-MORAL, L. (2020). Los métodos mixtos de investigación para el análisis del cambio político en el Norte de África y Oriente Próximo. Revista Española De Ciencia Política, (53), 145-167. https://doi.org/10.21308/recp.53.06
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Notas de investigación