Parties' motivations for electoral reform under the democratic transition in South Africa

Autores/as

  • Ainara Mancebo

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21308/recp.50.02

Palabras clave:

motivaciones de los partidos, cambio institucional, sistemas electorales, estrategias office-seeking, estrategias policy-seeking.

Resumen

A principio de los años noventa, Sudáfrica inició su transición política en la que la transformación del sistema electoral fue uno de los puntos clave en la agenda de negociación. Las transiciones democráticas en este tipo de regímenes no son una lucha por el derecho de los actores políticos a mantener diversas ideologías políticas, sino sobre la extensión del sufragio que previamente había excluido a grupos de población. Siguiendo la literatura sobre las motivaciones de los partidos, analizo las razones múltiples de los actores políticos implicados en el diseño institucional de la reforma electoral. En este caso de estudio identifico explicaciones basadas en preferencias office-seeking policy seeking en las estrategias de los partidos políticos participantes en la negociación del cambio institucional durante la transición democrática. Como resultado, Sudáfrica reformó la ley electoral utilizada durante el régimen autoritario, transformando un sistema electoral pluralista poco inclusivo en un sistema electoral proporcional altamente inclusivo en el nuevo régimen democrático.

Biografía del autor/a

Ainara Mancebo

En los último años he realizado trabajos de investigadora académica independiente, especializada en procesos democráticos, instituciones parlamentarias, sistemas electorales en el sur de África. Mis estudios se han centrado en democracias emergentes, donde representación y gobernanza son tópicos relevantes. Realicé mi tesis doctoral sobre la reforma electoral en Sudáfrica en el departamento de ciencia política y de la administración de la Universidad UNED. He publicado en la revista científica la Revista Latinoamerica de Politica Comparada y he presentado mis ponencias en el 5th European Conference on African Studies y 25th World Congress of Political Science. Durante seis años fui profesora asociada de la Universida de Vic. Además de mis labores y puestos académicos, mi carrera se ha complementado con experiencias laborales en organizaciones internacionales como la ONU y la Comisión Europea. Ahora resido y trabajo en Sudáfrica.

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Publicado

2019-07-30

Cómo citar

Mancebo, A. (2019). Parties’ motivations for electoral reform under the democratic transition in South Africa. Revista Española De Ciencia Política, (50), 43–67. https://doi.org/10.21308/recp.50.02

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