El conflicto internacional en la zona gris: una propuesta teórica desde la perspectiva del realismo ofensivo

Javier Jordán

Resumen


Este artículo ofrece una teorización del conflicto internacional en la zona gris, un término reciente en la literatura de estudios estratégicos. Para ello se delimita el concepto, identificando sus rasgos definitorios a partir de una revisión de la literatura existente. En segundo lugar, se enmarca el conflicto en la zona gris en la teoría del realismo ofensivo de John Mearsheimer, que estudia la política conflictiva entre grandes potencias y las estrategias utilizadas para incrementar el poder relativo. En tercer lugar, se identifican las líneas de acción estratégica desarrolladas en la zona gris, analizando sus pros y contras. Este tercer objetivo complementa y amplía la propuesta teórica de Mearsheimer, que explica el origen de la rivalidad entre grandes potencias, pero presta menos atención a cómo se desarrolla. De esta forma, el concepto de zona gris halla acomodo en la teoría realista de la política internacional y al mismo tiempo la enriquece.

Palabras clave


relaciones internacionales, estudios estratégicos, conflicto político, zona gris, realismo.

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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21308/recp.48.05

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