Mayors facing local government reforms: from muncipal organization leadership to public management transformation processes

Autores/as

  • Miquel Salvador Universitat Pompeu Fabra
  • Esther Pano Universidad de Barcelona

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21308/recp.46.05

Palabras clave:

Gobierno local, alcaldes, gestión pública, reforma del gobierno, reforma administrativa, reformas locales, externalización, cooperación inter-municipal.

Resumen

Las Administraciones públicas locales han sido tradicionalmente un espacio de experimentación de reformas de diverso calado en cuanto a su incidencia en el marco institucional general. En la puesta en práctica de estas reformas, los alcaldes han desempeñado un papel destacado como responsables de mayor rango en sus organizaciones. El artículo aporta evidencias y reflexiona sobre la conexión entre la figura del alcalde español (en la forma en que ellos conciben su propio papel) y sus relaciones tanto con el Gobierno municipal que dirige como con los procesos de transformación a los que dichos gobiernos están expuestos. A partir de los datos obtenidos del proyecto «Líderes políticos en ciudades europeas» sobre percepciones de los alcaldes respecto de varios aspectos del gobierno local, este artículo desarrolla su argumento en dos estadios. En el primer estadio identificamos los perfiles de los alcaldes españoles atendiendo especialmente a cómo perciben su rol y a la importancia que otorgan a su actividad de dirección de la autoridad local. En el segundo estadio analizamos la conexión entre estas percepciones y las relaciones que establecen los alcaldes con la autoridad local (es decir, las relaciones entre políticos y directivos y empleados públicos). Por último, y a partir de las clasificaciones realizadas, se determinan las posiciones adoptadas por los alcaldes en relación con diferentes procesos de reforma del Gobierno. Las conclusiones permiten establecer diversos escenarios de reforma administrativa basados en la implicación de los respectivos alcaldes, y también se apuntan líneas de investigación adicionales.

Biografía del autor/a

Miquel Salvador, Universitat Pompeu Fabra

Profestor titular de Ciencia Política

 

Esther Pano, Universidad de Barcelona

Coordinadora del Observatorio de Gobierno Local Fundación Carles Pi i Sunyer Profesora asociada Departamento de Derecho Constitucional y Ciencia Política

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Publicado

2018-03-23

Cómo citar

Salvador, M., & Pano, E. (2018). Mayors facing local government reforms: from muncipal organization leadership to public management transformation processes. Revista Española De Ciencia Política, (46), 103–127. https://doi.org/10.21308/recp.46.05

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Sección

Sección monográfica