Local interest groups and the perception of power in Spanish cities

Autores/as

  • Joaquim M. Molins Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
  • Iván Medina Universidad de Valencia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21308/recp.46.04

Palabras clave:

poder, grupos de interés, empresarios, ciudades, alcaldes.

Resumen

Los estudios sobre grupos de interés locales han aportado una cantidad notable de teorías sobre el poder urbano que, tiempo después, facilitarían el desarrollo de enfoques más amplios sobre democracia y acción colectiva. Esta literatura se ha centrado especialmente en descubrir quién gobierna la ciudad con argumentos desde el elitismo, el pluralismo y los regímenes urbanos. Algunos enfoques sugieren que la elite empresarial es preponderante en la política local, mientras otras teorías consideran que otros intereses (vecinales, ecologistas, religiosos, cívicos) han ido ganando peso y acceso al Gobierno local. La encuesta POLLEADER (2006) ofreció datos sobre cómo los alcaldes y las alcaldesas percibían la influencia de ciertos grupos sociales. Los datos mostraron que los empresarios locales eran, a lo sumo, tan influyentes y activos como lo eran las asociaciones voluntarias. Con datos de la encuesta POLLEADER II (2015), este artículo confirma la existencia de un modelo pluralista de poder local, a la vez que identifica el tamaño del municipio y la ideología del Alcalde como los factores clave para determinar la variación en la percepción de la influencia de los grupos de interés.

Biografía del autor/a

Joaquim M. Molins, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

Departament de Ciència Política i Dret Públic

Catedrático Emérito

Iván Medina, Universidad de Valencia

Departamento de Derecho Constitucional y de Ciencia Política y de la Administración

Profesor Ayudante Doctor

Citas

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Publicado

2018-03-23

Cómo citar

Molins, J. M., & Medina, I. (2018). Local interest groups and the perception of power in Spanish cities. Revista Española De Ciencia Política, (46), 77–102. https://doi.org/10.21308/recp.46.04

Número

Sección

Sección monográfica