FORMACIÓN DE DIRECTIVOS ESCOLARES MEDIANTE UN PROGRAMA BASADO EN EL COACHING GRUPAL, LA RETROALIMENTACIÓN Y EL ANÁLISIS DE LA PRÁCTICA

Julián López-Yáñez, Marita Sánchez-Moreno, Mariana Altopiedi, Nieves Oliva Rodríguez

Resumen


Resumen:
El artículo expone el proceso y los resultados de un programa de formación de directivos escolares basado en el análisis de su práctica, la retroalimentación y el coaching. El proyecto ha sido desarrollado por académicos de centros de investigación educativa de 10 países. Los componentes del programa eran (a) un instrumento de diagnóstico asociado a un informe de retroalimentación sobre el perfil de liderazgo; y (b) un dispositivo formativo en grupos pequeños coordinados por un ‘coach’. Paralelamente al programa de formación se llevó a cabo un proceso de investigación para evaluar el potencial de aquel en la mejora de la práctica directiva. Dicho proceso incluyó observación y grabación de las sesiones de coaching y entrevistas a los participantes, tanto a los formadores como a los directivos en formación. La versión española del programa demostró ser un dispositivo eficaz de formación. Este artículo identifica sus principales fortalezas –entre las que se destacan el valor del instrumento en que se basa el análisis del perfil directivo y el de la discusión grupal como como promotores de la reflexión– así como los aspectos que deben mejorarse. Entre estos últimos, cabe subrayar la longitud y densidad del informe de devolución obtenido y la formación de los propios coaches.

 

Abstract:
This paper depicts the process and results of a training program for educational leaders based on the analysis of their practice, feedback and coaching. The project was carried out by academics of educational research centres from ten countries. The main components of the program were (a) a diagnostic instrument associated to a feedback report on the participants’ leadership profile; and (b) a training device developed in small groups coordinated by a ‘coach’. In parallel, a research process was developed in order to assess the potential of the training device to improve principals’ practice. Such process included observation and recording of the coaching sessions, and interviews to both, the trainees and the coaches. The Spanish version of the program proved to be an effective training tool. This article points out its main strengths and the issues needed of improvement. Among the strengths, it can be pointed out the value of both the instrument in which the analysis of leader’s profile is based and the discussion with colleagues as effective tools for promoting reflective thought and learning. Among the aspects to improve, we can underline the length and density of the report and the coaches’ needs of training.


Palabras clave


Coaching; dinámica de grupos; dirección escolar; formación de directores; liderazgo; retroalimentación

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Referencias


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ISSN 1138-414X (edición papel)  ISSN 1989-6395 (edición electrónica)