La ética en el Aprendizaje-Servicio (APS): Un meta-análisis a partir de Education Resources Information Center (ERIC)

Autores/as

  • Héctor Opazo Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
  • Chenda Ramírez Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
  • Rocío García-Peinado Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
  • Manuel Lorite Universidad Autónoma de Madrid

Palabras clave:

Aprendizaje-Servicio, Ética, Enseñanza de la Ética, Formación del profesorado, Conflicto de intereses, Meta-análisis, Producción científica.

Resumen

La investigación científica del aprendizaje-servicio ha consolidado una poderosa línea de trabajo que extiende su práctica en las aulas universitarias a través de las acciones de servicio solidario asociadas al currículum desarrolladas en las comunidades por estudiantes, profesores y socios

comunitarios. Aunque la investigación internacional evidencia una importante cantidad de contenidos centrados en los beneficios de la aplicación de esta metodología en los estudiantes de educación superior y sus comunidades, existe una peligrosa escasez de literatura sobre los múltiples desafíos
éticos involucrados en esta tarea pedagógica y una importante influencia de la producción científica en lengua inglesa en el ámbito. Por ello, urge la necesidad de establecer un estado del arte e identificar los aspectos de la producción escrita en lengua anglosajona que puedan beneficiar al contexto iberoamericano.
El propósito de este estudio es conocer la producción científica del campo de la ética vinculada al aprendizaje-servicio en la base de datos ERIC. Para ello, se realiza un meta-análisis de 53 documentos con el apoyo de Computer Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis Software (CAQDAS), con las técnicas Computer Mediated Discourse Analysis (CMDA) y la Teoría Fundamentada como estrategia de análisis cualitativo. Los resultados obtenidos permiten establecer un punto de partida que oriente el diseño y la implementación de propuestas educativas asociadas a la enseñanza de la ética y el aprendizaje-servicio. Esto permitirá el desarrollo de experiencias significativas que contribuyan a la construcción del sentido ético en los estudiantes.

 

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2015-04-01