Ambientes con permafrost de montaña subterráneo en los Picos de Europa y sus implicaciones

  • Manuel Gómez-Lende
  • Enrique Serrano Cañadas Universidad de Valladolid
Palabras clave: Cuevas heladas; permafrost; permafrost de montaña en cuevas; Pequeña Edad del Hielo; Picos de Europa

Resumen

La definición térmica de permafrost permite atribuirla a una amplia diversidad de ambientes periglaciares. Uno de estos ambientes son las cuevas heladas, que se analizan en este estudio a partir del concepto térmico de permafrost. El objetivo de este trabajo es caracterizar los ambientes con permafrost en cuevas heladas de la alta montaña templada de los Picos de Europa y sus implicaciones para la interpretación de las cuevas heladas como indicadores de permafrost. Las cuevas heladas cumplen con las condiciones ambientales de permafrost de montaña en su interior, con temperaturas medias anuales por debajo de 0ºC durante varios años consecutivos, y múltiples criomorfologías perennes.

Las cuevas heladas no se localizan en ambientes superficiales con permafrost, sin embargo, las características endoclimáticas y los elementos criomorfológicos indican la presencia de ambientes con permafrost en las porciones más altas de las cavidades, completamente ajenas en la actualidad a las condiciones climáticas de superficie. Basado en los datos endoclimáticos y de los tipos de formas y procesos criomórficos, se establece una clasificación ajena a los ambientes de permafrost superficiales: ambientes con permafrost de montaña en cuevas.

Biografía del autor/a

Enrique Serrano Cañadas, Universidad de Valladolid
Catedrático de Geografía Física, Universidad de Valladolid

Citas

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Publicado
2021-12-16
Sección
Artículos de Investigación