Efectos del tratamiento de fuerza y flexibilidad para la anteposición de cabeza y cuello en adultos mayores sobre la capacidad aeróbica submáxima según nivel socioeconómico (Effects of strength and flexibility treatment for forward head posture positioning in older adults on submaximal aerobic capacity according to socioeconomic level)

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v47.94672

Palabras clave:

postura, actividad motora, rehabilitación, terapia por ejercicio, medicina física y rehabilitación.

Resumen

Objetivo: El propósito del estudio fue comparar la distancia recorrida a través de la prueba de 6 minutos en adultos mayores que tuvieron tratamiento de fuerza y flexibilidad para la anteposición de cabeza y cuello con diferentes niveles socioeconómicos. Materiales y métodos: La investigación presenta un diseño experimental de dos grupos independientes no aleatorizado, basado en la evaluación de la prueba de 6 minutos posterior a 4 meses de tratamiento de fuerza y flexibilidad para la anteposición de cabeza y cuello en adultos mayores. A un establecimiento asistían participantes catalogados como bajo nivel socioeconómico y en el otro establecimiento asistían participantes con un nivel socioeconómico alto. Los criterios de inclusión y exclusión: adultos mayores > 60 años, nivel bajo y alto socioeconómico, ángulo craneovertebral <50 grados. Los criterios de exclusión: sin patologías neurológicas, sistémicas, infecciosas y traumáticas. Resultados: El nivel socioeconómico no es una determinante en el efecto del tratamiento de fuerza de flexibilidad para la anteposición de cabeza y cuello en adultos mayores en relación con la capacidad submáxima (p < 0.05). Conclusión: La condición previa de los participantes y la edad son determinantes más influyentes en el efecto del tratamiento de fuerza y flexibilidad para la anteposición de cabeza y cuello en adultos mayores sobre la capacidad aeróbica submáxima. Además, la condición previa y la edad explican el 86.3 % de la variabilidad post tratamiento.

Palabras claves: postura, actividad motora, rehabilitación, terapia por ejercicio, medicina física y rehabilitación.

 Abstract. Objective: The purpose of the study was to compare the distance traveled through the 6-minute test in older adults who had strength and flexibility treatment for the forward head posture positioning with different socioeconomic levels. Materials and methods: This investigation presents a non-randomized experimental design of two independent groups, based on the evaluation of the 6-minute test after 4 months of strength and flexibility treatment for forward head posture positioning in older adults. One establishment was attended by participants classified as low socioeconomic level and the other establishment was attended by participants with a high socioeconomic level. Inclusion and exclusion criteria: older adults > 60 years, low and high socioeconomic status, craniovertebral angle < 50 degrees. Exclusion criteria: without neurological, systemic, infectious and traumatic pathologies. Results: The socioeconomic level is not a determinant in the effect of the flexibility strength treatment for forward head posture positioning in older adults in relation to submaximal capacity (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The previous condition of the participants and age are the most influential determinants in the effect of the strength and flexibility treatment for forward head posture positioning in older adults on submaximal aerobic capacity. In addition, the previous condition and age explain 86.3% of the post-treatment variability.

Keywords: posture, motor activity, rehabilitation, exercise therapy, physical and rehabilitation medicine.

Biografía del autor/a

Sebastián Andrés Astorga Verdugo , Universidad Autónoma de Chile, Chile

Departamento de Kinesiología

Citas

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Publicado

2023-01-02

Cómo citar

Astorga Verdugo, S. A., Gonzalez Silva, S. P., Martinez Araya, A. R., Rojas Cabezas, G. M., Saez Selaive, R. A., Campos Saavedra, G. D., & Zamorano Sanchez, C. E. (2023). Efectos del tratamiento de fuerza y flexibilidad para la anteposición de cabeza y cuello en adultos mayores sobre la capacidad aeróbica submáxima según nivel socioeconómico (Effects of strength and flexibility treatment for forward head posture positioning in older adults on submaximal aerobic capacity according to socioeconomic level). Retos, 47, 334–338. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v47.94672

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Artículos de carácter científico: trabajos de investigaciones básicas y/o aplicadas

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