Comportamiento de la presión arterial, frecuencia cardíaca y doble producto durante el ejercicio aeróbico a intervalos y continuo (Blood pressure, heart rate, and rate pressure product behavior during interval and continuous aerobic exercise)

Autores/as

  • Victor Gonçalves Corrêa Neto Gama e Souza University Center, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro and Estácio de Sá University http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3133-1630
  • Juliana Augusto do Rosário Gama e Souza University Center
  • Nathaniel Bodell California State University
  • Gleisson da Silva Araujo Federal University of Rio de Janeiro
  • Luiz Guilherme da Silva Telles Federal University of Rio de Janeiro and Estácio de Sá University
  • Jeter Pereira de Freitas Augusto Motta University Center
  • Marcelo José C. Miranda Colonna Augusto Motta University Center, Estácio de Sá University and Rio de Janeiro State University
  • Felipe da Silva Triani Gama e Souza University Center, Estácio de Sá University and Rio de Janeiro State University
  • Rudson Santos da Silva Oswaldo Cruz Foundation
  • Estêvão Rios Monteiro Augusto Motta University Center and Federal University of Rio de Janeiro

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v43i0.88363

Palabras clave:

entrenamiento aeróbico, ejercicio físico, fisiología cardiovascular, respuesta autonómica, respuesta hemodinámica, (aerobic training, autonomic response, cardiovascular physiology, hemodynamic response, physical exercise)

Resumen

El propósito del presente estudio fue comparar lo comportamiento de la presión arterial, la frecuencia cardíaca y doble producto durante el ejercicio aeróbico continuo y a intervalos en mujeres físicamente activas. Para el presente estudio se reclutaron ocho mujeres físicamente activas con experiencia previa en ciclismo indoor. Los participantes visitaron el laboratorio durante tres sesiones, la primera visita se utilizó para familiarizarse y les das visitas restantes fueron para realizar los protocolos experimentales en un orden aleatorio: 1) Veintiún minutos de ciclismo indoor continuo al 70% de la frecuencia cardíaca máxima (CONT), y 2) Veintiún minutos de ciclismo indoor a intervalos, alternando un minuto al 90% y dos minutos al 60% de la frecuencia cardíaca máxima (INT). Para evaluar el comportamiento de la presión arterial, la frecuencia cardíaca y doble producto también se midieron a los 6 minutos (Durante-6), 12 minutos (Durante-12), 18 minutos (Durante-18) y 21 minutos (durante-21) durante la actividad. Ambos los protocolos (CONT y INT) mostraron aumentos significativos en la presión arterial, la frecuencia cardíaca, y el doble producto en tres de cuatro momentos (Durante-6, Durante-12 y durante-21), con el protocolo INT que muestra los valores más altos en comparación al protocolo CONT. Los resultados de este estudio tienen implicaciones prácticas tanto para la prescripción médica como para la rehabilitación cardíaca y pueden usarse en una población atlética y no atlética, ya que un efecto de hipotensión y una menor carga de trabajo cardíaco son ventajosos para la aptitud física.

Abstract. The purpose of the present study was to compare the blood pressure, heart rate, and rate pressure product behavior during interval and continuous aerobic exercise in physically active women. Eight physically active women with prior indoor cycling experience were recruited for the present study. Participants visited the laboratory for three sessions, the first visit was used for familiarization and the remaining two visits were to perform the experimental protocols in a randomized order: 1) Twenty-one minutes of continuous indoor cycling at 70% of maximum heart rate (CONT), and 2) Twenty-one minutes of interval indoor cycling, alternating one minute at 90% and two minutes at 60% of maximum heart rate (INT). To assess the hemodynamic behavior, blood pressure, heart rate, and rate pressure product were also measuring at 6-minute (During-6), 12-minute (During-12), 18-minute (During-18), and 21-minute (During-21) intervals. Both protocols (continuous and interval) showed significant increases in blood pressure, heart rate, and rate pressure product in three out of four moments (During-6, During-12, and During-21), with the interval protocol showing higher values compared to the continuous protocol. The results of this study have practical implications for both prescription and cardiac rehabilitation and may be used in an athletic and non-athletic population, since a hypotension effect and lower cardiac workload is advantageous to one’s fitness. 

Biografía del autor/a

Victor Gonçalves Corrêa Neto, Gama e Souza University Center, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro and Estácio de Sá University

Undergraduate Program in Physical Education, Gama e Souza University Center (UNIGAMA), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Postgraduate Program in Physical Education, School of Physical Education and Sports, Federal University of Rio De Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Undergraduate Program in Physical Education, Estácio de Sá University (UNESA), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Juliana Augusto do Rosário, Gama e Souza University Center

Undergraduate Program in Physical Education, Gama e Souza University Center (UNIGAMA), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Nathaniel Bodell, California State University

Department of Kinesiology, California State University, San Bernardino, USA.

Gleisson da Silva Araujo, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro

Postgraduate Program in Physical Education, School of Physical Education and Sports, Federal University of Rio De Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Luiz Guilherme da Silva Telles, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro and Estácio de Sá University

Postgraduate Program in Physical Education, School of Physical Education and Sports, Federal University of Rio De Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Undergraduate Program in Physical Education, Estácio de Sá University (UNESA), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Jeter Pereira de Freitas, Augusto Motta University Center

Undergraduate Program in Physical Education, Augusto Motta University Center (UNISUAM), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Marcelo José C. Miranda Colonna, Augusto Motta University Center, Estácio de Sá University and Rio de Janeiro State University

Undergraduate Program in Physical Education, Estácio de Sá University (UNESA), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Undergraduate Program in Physical Education, Augusto Motta University Center (UNISUAM), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Postgraduate Program in Physical Education, Rio de Janeiro State University (UERJ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Felipe da Silva Triani, Gama e Souza University Center, Estácio de Sá University and Rio de Janeiro State University

Undergraduate Program in Physical Education, Gama e Souza University Center (UNIGAMA), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Undergraduate Program in Physical Education, Estácio de Sá University (UNESA), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Postgraduate Program in Physical Education, Rio de Janeiro State University (UERJ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Rudson Santos da Silva, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation

Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (FIOCRUZ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Estêvão Rios Monteiro, Augusto Motta University Center and Federal University of Rio de Janeiro

Postgraduate Program in Physical Education, School of Physical Education and Sports, Federal University of Rio De Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Undergraduate Program in Physical Education, Augusto Motta University Center (UNISUAM), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

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Publicado

2022-01-06

Cómo citar

Corrêa Neto, V. G., do Rosário, J. A., Bodell, N., Araujo, G. da S., Telles, L. G. da S., de Freitas, J. P., Colonna, M. J. C. M., Triani, F. da S., da Silva, R. S., & Monteiro, E. R. (2022). Comportamiento de la presión arterial, frecuencia cardíaca y doble producto durante el ejercicio aeróbico a intervalos y continuo (Blood pressure, heart rate, and rate pressure product behavior during interval and continuous aerobic exercise). Retos, 43, 579–585. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v43i0.88363

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Artículos de carácter científico: trabajos de investigaciones básicas y/o aplicadas