El desarrollo de cualidades profesionales importantes como resultado de diversas actividades: Aprendizaje, deporte y mercado laboral (The development of professionally important qualities as a result of various activities: Learning, sport, and labour mark

  • Daniil Shmatkov
  • Bielikova Nadiia
  • Brytan Yurii
  • María Sánchez Zafra Universidad de Jaén
Palabras clave: aprendizaje, deporte, mercado laboral, cualidades, competencias, learning, sport, labour market, qualities, soft skills

Resumen

El propósito de este artículo es definir la evolución de las opiniones sobre la formación de las cualidades más demandadas (soft skills) en el mercado laboral ucraniano y las posibilidades de su formación a través del deporte a partir de las opiniones de los principales agentes del mercado. La base del estudio es una encuesta realizada a profesionales (104 encuestados), estudiantes (314 encuestados) y escolares (326 encuestados). La coherencia de las respuestas de los encuestados se comprobó mediante el coeficiente de correlación de rangos de Spearman y el coeficiente de correlación de rangos de Kendall. En los métodos de estudio se utilizaron los análisis de correlación, de factores y de conglomerados. El análisis factorial permitió formar las cualidades obtenidas en dos factores (de importancia primaria y secundaria). Mediante el análisis de conglomerados, todas las cualidades identificadas por los encuestados se dividieron en tres grupos uniformes. También se comprobó que los clusters son los que más se diferencian en cuanto a las cualidades nombradas por los escolares, y los clusters que más se acercan en cuanto a las cualidades fueron destacados por los empresarios. El estudio se ha realizado en el marco de los nuevos enfoques de búsqueda de las tendencias y elementos clave de la competencia en los mercados de trabajo, y complementa el trabajo (Cachón-Zagalaz, et al., 2020) al incluir los aspectos en el análisis de los escolares y destacar los aspectos distintivos que intervienen en su percepción de las cualidades demandadas. Se ha comprobado la singularidad de las cualidades destacadas por los alumnos que hacen deporte y la importancia de las mismas en la formación de competencias profesionales.

Abstract. The purpose of this article is to define evolution of opinions about the formation of the in-demand qualities (soft skills) in the Ukrainian labour market and the possibilities of their formation through sports based on the opinions of key participants in the market. The basis of the study is a survey of professionals (104 respondents), students (314 respondents), and schoolchildren (326 respondents). The coherence of the respondents' answers was checked by the Spearman rank correlation coefficient and Kendall rank correlation coefficient. The correlation, factor, and cluster analyses were used in the study methods. Factor analysis allowed us to form obtained qualities into two factors (of primary and secondary importance). Using cluster analysis, all the qualities that were identified by the respondents were divided into three uniform groups. It was also proved that the clusters differ most in terms of the qualities that were named by schoolchildren, and the clusters which are the closest in terms of the qualities were highlighted by the employers. The study was conducted within the framework of new approaches to searching the tendencies and key elements of competition on the labour markets, and it complements the work (Cachón-Zagalaz et al., 2020) by including the aspects into the analysis of schoolchildren and highlighting the distinguishing aspects that are involved in their perception of in-demand qualities. The uniqueness of the qualities that were highlighted by the students who do sport and the importance of these qualities in the formation of professional competencies have been proved. 

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Publicado
2022-01-06
Cómo citar
Shmatkov, D., Nadiia, B., Yurii, B., & Sánchez Zafra, M. (2022). El desarrollo de cualidades profesionales importantes como resultado de diversas actividades: Aprendizaje, deporte y mercado laboral (The development of professionally important qualities as a result of various activities: Learning, sport, and labour mark. Retos, 43, 17-26. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v43i0.87830
Sección
Artículos de carácter científico: trabajos de investigaciones básicas y/o aplicadas