A Sport Education teaching unit as a citizenship education strategy in Physical Education. A group-randomized controlled trial (Una unidad didáctica de Educación Deportiva como estrategia de educación para la ciudadana en Educación Física. Un ensayo contr

  • Jesús Viciana Department of Physical Education and Sport, University of Granada
  • Carolina Casado-Robles University of Granada https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7924-7935
  • Laura Pérez-Macías IES Clara Campoamor
  • Daniel Mayorga-Vega University of Jaen

Resumen

Abstract. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of a Physical Education (PE)-based Sport Education (SE) program on personal and interpersonal variables, social environment, and the predisposition of acquiring positive habits and autonomy in high school students in order to assess the contribution of this model to the students’ citizenship education. A sample of 123 adolescents, 60 boys and 63 girls, participated in the present study. Students were divided into one control (CG) and one experimental (EG) group. EG performed 12 PE-lessons of SE intervention based on volleyball small-sided games and educational competitions. CG followed a traditional treatment of sport in PE, mixing tasks with small-sided games and direct instruction methodologies. Results showed that EG participants had a statistically significant increase in the scores of the following dimensions: personal (the self-determined motivation toward PE, satisfaction/enjoyment toward sport, and the physical self-concept); interpersonal (relatedness with others, cooperative learning, and important role within a work-group); social (PE classroom climate, and sportspersonship); and autonomy and acquisition of habits (autonomy support, and the intention to be physically active) compared with the CG (p < .001). A SE intervention in PE will allow teachers to improve students’ citizenship competences.

Resumen. El objetivo del estudio fue examinar el efecto de un programa de Educación Deportiva (ED) en Educación Física (EF) sobre variables personales e interpersonales, ambiente social, y la predisposición de adquirir hábitos positivos y autonomía en estudiantes de enseñanza secundaria para evaluar la contribución de este modelo a la educación para la ciudadanía de los alumnos. 123 adolescentes, 60 niños y 63 niñas, participaron en el presente estudio. Los estudiantes fueron divididos en un grupo control (GC) y un grupo experimental (GE). El GE realizó 12 sesiones de EF de ED basada en juegos y competiciones de situaciones reducidas de juego de voleibol. El GC siguió un tratamiento tradicional del deporte en EF, combinando tareas con situaciones reducidas de juego y metodologías de instrucción directa. Los resultados mostraron que los participantes del GE tuvieron un aumento estadísticamente significativo en las puntuaciones de las siguientes dimensiones: personal (motivación autodeterminada hacia la EF, satisfacción/disfrute hacia el deporte y autoconcepto físico); interpersonal (relación con los demás, aprendizaje cooperativo, y papel importante dentro del grupo); social (clima de aula en EF y deportividad); y autonomía y adquisición de hábitos (apoyo a la autonomía e intención de ser físicamente activo) en comparación con el GC (p < .001). Una intervención de ED en EF permitirá que los profesores mejoren las competencias de ciudadanía de los alumnos.

Biografía del autor/a

Jesús Viciana, Department of Physical Education and Sport, University of Granada
PhD, Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Spain.
Carolina Casado-Robles, University of Granada
PhD Student, Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Spain.
Laura Pérez-Macías, IES Clara Campoamor
Physical Education teacher, IES Clara Campoamor, Ceuta, España.
Daniel Mayorga-Vega, University of Jaen

PhD, Department of Didactic of Musical, Plastic and Corporal Expression, Faculty of Humanities and Education Sciences, University of Jaen, Spain.

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Publicado
2019-11-15
Cómo citar
Viciana, J., Casado-Robles, C., Pérez-Macías, L., & Mayorga-Vega, D. (2019). A Sport Education teaching unit as a citizenship education strategy in Physical Education. A group-randomized controlled trial (Una unidad didáctica de Educación Deportiva como estrategia de educación para la ciudadana en Educación Física. Un ensayo contr. Retos, 38(38), 44-52. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v38i38.73546
Sección
Artículos de carácter científico: trabajos de investigaciones básicas y/o aplicadas