¿El nivel basal de motivación autodeterminada hacia la Educación Física influye en la mejora de la resistencia cardiorrespiratoria? Un estudio de intervención controlado (Does baseline self-determined motivation toward Physical Education influence cardio

  • Daniel Mayorga-Vega Departamento de Didáctica de la Expresión Musical, Plástica y Corporal, Universidad de Jaén, Jaén, España
  • Jorge Montoro-Escaño IES Torre Atalaya, Junta de Andalucía, Málaga, España
  • Santiago Guijarro-Romero Departamento de Educación Física y Deportiva, Universidad de Granada, Granada, España
  • Jesús Viciana Departamento de Educación Física y Deportiva, Universidad de Granada, Granada, España
Palabras clave: Teoría de la autodeterminación, programa de acondicionamiento físico, intervención educativa, escolares, adolescentes (Self-determination theory, physical fitness program, educational intervention, schoolchildren, adolescents)

Resumen

El objetivo del estudio fue examinar la influencia del nivel basal de motivación autodeterminada hacia la Educación Física sobre la eficacia de un programa de intervención para la mejora de la resistencia cardiorrespiratoria en estudiantes de Educación Secundaria. Noventa y siete estudiantes de Educación Secundaria Obligatoria fueron asignados aleatoriamente (por clases) al grupo experimental y control. Durante las clases de Educación Física, los estudiantes del grupo experimental realizaron un programa de acondicionamiento físico. Antes y después del programa de intervención, la resistencia cardiorrespiratoria de los estudiantes se midió mediante el test Course Navette. Los estudiantes del grupo experimental con un nivel basal moderado-alto de motivación autodeterminada hacia la Educación Física incrementaron estadísticamente su resistencia cardiorrespiratoria con respecto a los del grupo control (p < 0,001). No se encontraron diferencias entre los estudiantes del grupo experimental con baja motivación y los del grupo control (p > 0,05). Un programa de acondicionamiento físico durante las clases de Educación Física solo parece incrementar la resistencia cardiorrespiratoria de estudiantes con un nivel basal moderado-alto de motivación autodeterminada hacia la Educación Física.


Abstract. The purpose of the present study was to examine the influence of baseline self-determined motivation toward Physical Education on the effectiveness of an intervention program for improving cardiorespiratory endurance in high-school students. Ninety seven high-school students were randomly assigned (by classes) to the experimental and control groups. During Physical Education classes, the experimental group students performed a physical fitness program. Before and after the intervention program, students’ cardiorespiratory fitness was measured using the Course Navette test. The experimental group students with a moderate-high baseline of self-determined motivation toward Physical Education statistically improved their cardiorespiratory endurance compared with the control group students (p < .001). However, no statistically significant differences between the experimental group students with low motivation toward Physical Education and control group students were found (p > .05). A physical fitness program during Physical Education classes only seems to improve cardiorespiratory endurance in students with moderate-high baseline of self-determined motivation toward Physical Education.

Biografía del autor/a

Daniel Mayorga-Vega, Departamento de Didáctica de la Expresión Musical, Plástica y Corporal, Universidad de Jaén, Jaén, España
Becario de investigación FPU, Departamento de Educación Física y Deportiva, Facultad de Ciencias del Deporte, Universidad de Granada (España)

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Publicado
2019-10-14
Cómo citar
Mayorga-Vega, D., Montoro-Escaño, J., Guijarro-Romero, S., & Viciana, J. (2019). ¿El nivel basal de motivación autodeterminada hacia la Educación Física influye en la mejora de la resistencia cardiorrespiratoria? Un estudio de intervención controlado (Does baseline self-determined motivation toward Physical Education influence cardio. Retos, 37(37), 344-350. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v37i37.71662
Sección
Artículos de carácter científico: trabajos de investigaciones básicas y/o aplicadas