Diferencias en función del género en el equilibrio estático y dinámico en estudiantes de educación primaria (Differences according to gender in static and dynamic balance in primary school students)

Josune Rodriguez-Negro, Javier Yanci

Resumen


Diferencias en función del género en el equilibrio estático y dinámico en estudiantes de educación primaria

Differences according to gender in static and dynamic balance in primary school students

Josune Rodriguez-Negro, Javier Yanci

Universidad del País Vasco (España)

 

Resumen. Los objetivos principales de este estudio fueron describir, atendiendo al género, el equilibrio estático y dinámico de estudiantes de educación primaria (EP) mediante distintos test (MABC-2 estático, MABC-2 dinámico pasos, MABC-2 saltos pierna derecha, MABC-2 saltos pierna izquierda, standing stork pierna derecha y standing stork pierna izquierda), y analizar la asociación entre los resultados de los distintos test de equilibrio. 253 estudiantes de 2º a 5º de EP fueron evaluados, de los cuales 110 eran chicos (8.6 años, 133.7 ± 6.6 cm, 31.73 ± 6.1 kg, 17.6 ± 2,4 kg·m-2) y 143 chicas (8.7 años, 134.3 ± 9.1 cm, 32.9 ± 9.5 kg, 17.9 ± 3.3 kg·m-2). Los resultados obtenidos en el presente estudio muestran un mejor equilibrio estático en las chicas concretamente en las pruebas MABC-2 estático (p < .01, %Dif = -28.74%, TE = .3, bajo) y standing stork con la pierna derecha (p < .05, %Dif = 17.88%, TE = .2, bajo). Por el contrario, no se obtuvieron diferencias significativas entre chicos y chicas en el standing stork con la pierna izquierda, ni en ninguna de las pruebas de equilibrio dinámico (MABC-2 dinámico pasos, MABC-2 dinámico saltos con la pierna derecha y MABC-2 dinámico saltos con la pierna izquierda). Además, no se encontró ninguna correlación moderada, muy alta o casi perfecta (r > .50) entre los diferentes test de equilibrio. Los resultados obtenidos en este estudio muestran un mejor equilibrio estático en las chicas pero ninguna diferencia significativa atendiendo al género en el equilibrio dinámico. 

Abstract. The main objectives of this study were to describe, based on gender, the static and dynamic balance of primary education students through different tests (MABC-2 static, MABC-2 dynamic steps, MABC-2 jumps right leg, MABC- 2 jumps left leg, standing stork right leg and standing stork left leg), and analyze the association between the results of the different balance tests. 253 students from 2nd to 5th year of primary school were evaluated; 110 were boys (8.6 years, 133.7 ± 6.6 cm, 31.73 ± 6.1 kg, 17.6 ± 2.4 kg·m-2) and 143 girls (8.7 years, 134.3 ± 9.1 cm, 32.9 ± 9.5 kg, 17.9 ± 3.3 kg·m-2). The results obtained in the present study show a better static balance in girls, specifically in the static MABC-2 test (p < .01, %Dif = -28.74%, TE = .3, low) and standing stork with the right leg test (p < .05, % Dif = 17.88%, TE = .2, low). In contrast, no significant differences were found between boys and girls in the standing stork with the left leg, or in any of the tests of dynamic balance (MABC-2 dynamic steps, MABC-2 dynamic jumps with the right leg and MABC- 2 dynamic jumps with the left leg). In addition, no moderate, very high or almost perfect correlation (r> .50) were found between the different balance tests. The results obtained in this study show a better static balance in girls but no significant difference according to gender in dynamic balance.


Palabras clave


Educación física, test, MABC-2, standing stork, estabilidad (Physical education, test, MABC-2, standing stork, stability)

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