Características antropométricas y de rendimiento físico en futbolistas sub-11 según el nivel competitivo (Anthropometric and fitness performance characteristics in under-11 football players by competitive level)

Víctor Torreblanca-Martínez, Alejandro Arráez, Fernando M. Otero-Saborido, José A. González-Jurado

Resumen


Objetivo: Estudiar las diferencias en características antropométricas y de rendimiento físico en jugadores de diferente nivel competitivo. Métodos: 86 jugadores de fútbol sub-11 de diferente nivel competitivo fueron sometidos a pruebas de velocidad (15 y 30 metros), salto con contramovimiento (CMJ), estimación del volumen de oxígeno máximo (VO2máx), velocidad máxima de golpeo, índice de fatiga en test de saltos continuos y medidas antropométricas de peso, altura e índice de masa corporal (IMC). Resultados: Los jugadores de un mayor nivel competitivo obtuvieron mejores resultados en velocidad en 15 (p = .000; d = 1.06) y 30 metros (p = .000; d = 1.12), salto CMJ (p = .017; d = .52), VO2máx (p = .004; d = .63) y velocidad de golpeo de balón (p = .041; d = .44), pero no en el índice de fatiga del test de saltos continuos (p = .663; d = .08). A su vez, tampoco se encontraron diferencias significativas en el peso (p = .938; d = .01), la altura (p = .115; d = .34) y el índice de masa corporal (p = .471; d = .28). Conclusiones: Este estudio muestra las diferencias de rendimiento físico y en medidas antropométricas analizadas en jugadores de fútbol sub-11 de diferente nivel competitivo, las cuales no han sido previamente estudiadas dentro de la literatura científica en este grupo de edad. Los jugadores de mayor nivel competitivo obtienen mejores resultados en los tests de rendimiento físico, excepto en el índice de fatiga de altura de salto. Sin embargo, las características antropométricas no permiten discernir entre ambos grupos.


Abstract. Purpose: To study the differences in anthropometric and fitness performance characteristics in football players of different competitive levels. Methods: 86 under-11 football players of different competitive levels were subjected to sprint test (15 and 30 meters), countermovement Jump (CMJ), estimation of maximal oxygen intake (VO2máx), maximal kicking velocity, fatigue index in continuous jump test and anthropometrical measures of body mass, height and body mass index (BMI). Results: Players of a higher competitive level obtained better results in 15 (p = .000; d = 1.06) and 30 meters (p = .000; d = 1.12), CMJ (p = .017; d = .52), VO2max (p = .004; d = .63) and maximal kicking velocity (p = .041; d = .44), but not in fatigue index in continuous jump test (p = .663; d = .08). Likewise, no significant differences were found in body mass (p = .938; d = .01), height (p = .115; d = .34) and body mass index (p = .471; d = .28). Conclusions: This study shows the differences in fitness performance and anthropometric measures in under-11 football players of different competitive levels, which have not been previously reported in this age group. Players of higher competitive level obtained better results in fitness performance test, except in the fatigue index of jump height. However, anthropometric characteristics do not allow to distinguish between both groups.


Palabras clave


Rendimiento; test; desarrollo; atleta joven; talento (Performance; test; development; young athlete; talent)

Texto completo:

PDF

Referencias


Berjan Bacvarevic, B., Pazin, N., Bozic, P. R., Mirkov, D., Kukolj, M., & Jaric, S. (2012). Evaluation of a composite test of kicking performance. J Strength Cond Res, 26(7), 1945-1952. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e318237e79d

Bosco, C. (1994). La valoración de la fuerza con el test de Bosco. Colección deporte y entrenamiento. Barcelona: Editorial Paidotribo.

Centeno-Prada, R. A., Lopez, C., & Naranjo-Orellana, J. (2015). Jump percentile: a proposal for evaluation of high level sportsmen. J Sports Med Phys Fitness, 55(5), 464-470.

Coelho, E. S. M. J., Figueiredo, A. J., Simoes, F., Seabra, A., Natal, A., Vaeyens, R., . . . Malina, R. M. (2010). Discrimination of u-14 soccer players by level and position. Int J Sports Med, 31(11), 790-796. doi: 10.1055/s-0030-1263139

Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. Hillsdale, N.J.: L. Erlbaum Associates.

Ferraz, R., van den Tillaar, R., & Marques, M. C. (2012). The effect of fatigue on kicking velocity in soccer players. J Hum Kinet, 35, 97-107. doi: 10.2478/v10078-012-0083-8

Figueiredo, A. J., Coelho e Silva, M. J., & Malina, R. M. (2011). Predictors of functional capacity and skill in youth soccer players. Scand J Med Sci Sports, 21(3), 446-454. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2009.01056.x

Figueiredo, A. J., Goncalves, C. E., Coelho, E. S. M. J., & Malina, R. M. (2009). Characteristics of youth soccer players who drop out, persist or move up. J Sports Sci, 27(9), 883-891. doi: 10.1080/02640410902946469

Francioni, F. M., Figueiredo, A. J., Terribili, M., & Tessitore, A. (2015). Analysis of the intraseasonal stability of field test performances in young academy soccer players. J Sports Sci, 1-7. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2015.1082612

Gissis, I., Papadopoulos, C., Kalapotharakos, V. I., Sotiropoulos, A., Komsis, G., & Manolopoulos, E. (2006). Strength and speed characteristics of elite, subelite, and recreational young soccer players. Res Sports Med, 14(3), 205-214. doi: 10.1080/15438620600854769

Gravina, L., Gil, S. M., Ruiz, F., Zubero, J., Gil, J., & Irazusta, J. (2008). Anthropometric and physiological differences between first team and reserve soccer players aged 10-14 years at the beginning and end of the season. J Strength Cond Res, 22(4), 1308-1314. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31816a5c8e

Juárez, D., de Subijana, C. L., Mallo, J., & Navarro, E. (2011). Acute effects of endurance exercise on jumping and kicking performance in top-class young soccer players. European Journal of Sport Science, 11(3), 191-196. doi: 10.1080/17461391.2010.500335

Kapidzic, A., Huremovic, T., & Biberovic, A. (2014). Kinematic analysis of the instep kick in youth soccer players. J Hum Kinet, 42, 81-90. doi: 10.2478/hukin-2014-0063

le Gall, F., Carling, C., Williams, M., & Reilly, T. (2010). Anthropometric and fitness characteristics of international, professional and amateur male graduate soccer players from an elite youth academy. J Sci Med Sport, 13(1), 90-95. doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2008.07.004

Leger, L. A., Mercier, D., Gadoury, C., & Lambert, J. (1988). The multistage 20 metre shuttle run test for aerobic fitness. J Sports Sci, 6(2), 93-101. doi: 10.1080/02640418808729800

Markovic, G., Dizdar, D., & Jaric, S. (2006). Evaluation of tests of maximum kicking performance. J Sports Med Phys Fitness, 46(2), 215-220.

Marques, M. C., Pereira, A., Reis, I. G., & van den Tillaar, R. (2013). Does an in-Season 6-Week Combined Sprint and Jump Training Program Improve Strength-Speed Abilities and Kicking Performance in Young Soccer Players? J Hum Kinet, 39, 157-166. doi: 10.2478/hukin-2013-0078

Meylan, C., Cronin, J., Oliver, J., & Hughes, M. (2010). Talent identification in soccer: The role of maturity status on physical, physiological and technical characteristics. International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching, 5(4), 571-592. doi: 10.1260/1747-9541.5.4.571

Ostojic, S. M., Stojanovic, M., & Ahmetovic, Z. (2010). [Vertical jump as a tool in assessment of muscular power and anaerobic performance]. Med Pregl, 63(5-6), 371-375.

Pivarnik, J. M., Dwyer, M. C., & Lauderdale, M. A. (1996). The reliability of aerobic capacity (VO2max) testing in adolescent girls. Res Q Exerc Sport, 67(3), 345-348. doi: 10.1080/02701367.1996.10607962

Ramsbottom, R., Brewer, J., & Williams, C. (1988). A progressive shuttle run test to estimate maximal oxygen uptake. Br J Sports Med, 22(4), 141-144.

Reilly, T., Williams, A. M., Nevill, A., & Franks, A. (2000). A multidisciplinary approach to talent identification in soccer. J Sports Sci, 18(9), 695-702. doi: 10.1080/02640410050120078

Russell, M., & Tooley, E. (2011). Anthropometric and performance characteristics of young male soccer players competing in the UK. Serbian journal of sports sciences., 4, 155-162.

Tanner, R. K., & Gore, C. J. (2000). Physiological test fot elite athletes. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics

Tomas, M., Frantisek, Z., Lucia, M., & Jaroslav, T. (2014). Profile, correlation and structure of speed in youth elite soccer players. J Hum Kinet, 40, 149-159. doi: 10.2478/hukin-2014-0017

Unnithan, V., White, J., Georgiou, A., Iga, J., & Drust, B. (2012a). Talent identification in youth soccer. Journal of Sports Sciences, 30(15), 1719-1726. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2012.731515

Unnithan, V., White, J., Georgiou, A., Iga, J., & Drust, B. (2012b). Talent identification in youth soccer. J Sports Sci, 30(15), 1719-1726. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2012.731515

Vaeyens, R., Malina, R. M., Janssens, M., Van Renterghem, B., Bourgois, J., Vrijens, J., & Philippaerts, R. M. (2006). A multidisciplinary selection model for youth soccer: the Ghent Youth Soccer Project. Br J Sports Med, 40(11), 928-934; discussion 934. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.2006.029652

Vanttinen, T., Blomqvist, M., & Hakkinen, K. (2010). Development of body composition, hormone profile, physical fitness, general perceptual motor skills, soccer skills and on-the-ball performance in soccer-specific laboratory test among adolescent soccer players. J Sports Sci Med, 9(4), 547-556.


Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.