Comparación de la percepción subjetiva del esfuerzo entre partidos amistosos y diferentes tipos de sesión en futbolistas profesionales (Comparison of perceived exertion in friendly matches and different types of training sessions in professional soccer p

Miguel Ángel Campos Váquez, Francisco Javier Toscano Belanda

Resumen


El objetivo de la investigación fue comparar la percepción subjetiva del esfuerzo (RPE) y la carga derivada de ella (RPE-TL) durante partidos amistosos (PA) con una participación de 45 minutos por jugador (PA.45) o superior a 65 minutos (PA+65), y diferentes tipos de sesión de entrenamiento: condición física (CF), táctica (TAC) y activación pre-partido (ACTV), en jugadores profesionales de fútbol. 12 futbolistas pertenecientes al mismo equipo (1ª división española) participaron en este estudio. La RPE fue registrada tras cada sesión de entrenamiento y PA, cuantificándose posteriormente la carga interna derivada de ella (RPE-TL). Los resultados reflejaron que los PA+65, tuvieron una RPE substancialmente mayor que los PA.45 (7.8 vs 6.8). Además, todos los tipos de sesión reflejaron una RPE y RPE-TL substancialmente inferior a los PA+65. Tan solo las sesiones de CF alcanzaron valores de RPE y RPE-TL superiores a los reflejados en los PA.45 (7.1 vs. 6.8 y 597 vs. 509 unidades arbitrarias respectivamente). Estos resultados nos muestran que las demandas perceptuales de la competición no fueron replicadas en los diferentes tipos de sesiones de entrenamiento analizadas. Por tanto, podría ser necesario aumentar el volumen y/o la exigencia de algunas sesiones de entrenamiento, para someter a los jugadores a una exigencia similar a la de la competición. 


Abstract. The aim of the study was to compare perception of exertion (RPE) and RPE-derived internal training load between friendly matches (FM) played during 45 minutes (FM.45) or more than 65 minutes (FM+65), and different types of training sessions: fitness (FIT), tactical (TAC) and pre-match activation (ACTV) in professional soccer players. 12 soccer players from the same team (1st Spanish Division) participated in this study. RPE was registered after every training session and FM. Afterward, RPE-derived internal load was calculated (RPE-TL). Results showed that FM+65 obtained a substantially higher RPE than FM.45 (7.8 vs 6.8). Besides, all types of training sessions reflected a substantially lower RPE and RPE-TL than FM+65. Only FIT sessions reached RPE and RPE-TL values higher than those reflected in FM.45 (7.1 vs. 6.8 and 597 vs. 509 arbitrary units respectively). These results show that perceptual demands of competition were not replicated in the different types of training sessions analysed. It may be necessary to increase the volume and/or the exertion of certain training sessions to bring players closer to the demands of competition.


Palabras clave


Percepción subjetiva esfuerzo, Carga de entrenamiento, Partidos amistosos, Sesiones entrenamiento, Fútbol (perceived exertion, Training load, Friendly matches, Training sessions, Soccer)

Texto completo:

PDF

Referencias


Alexiou, H., & Coutts, A. J. (2008). A comparison of methods used for quantifying internal training load in women soccer players. Int J Sports Physiol Perform, 3(3), 320-330.

Anderson, L., Orme, P., Di Michele, R., Close, G. L., Morgans, R., Drust, B., & Morton, J. P. (2016). Quantification of training load during one-, two- and three-game week schedules in professional soccer players from the English Premier League: implications for carbohydrate periodisation. J Sports Sci, 34(13), 1250-1259.

Arcos, A. L., Yanci, J., Mendiguchia, J., & Gorostiaga, E. M. (2014). Rating of muscular and respiratory perceived exertion in professional soccer players. J Strength Cond Res, 28(11), 3280-3288.

Batterham, A. M., & Hopkins, W. G. (2006). Making meaningful inferences about magnitudes. Int J Sports Physiol Perform, 1(1), 50-57

Borg, G., Hassmen, P., & Lagerstrom, M. (1987). Perceived exertion related to heart rate and blood lactate during arm and leg exercise. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol, 56(6), 679-685.

Campos-Vazquez, M. A., Mendez-Villanueva, A., Gonzalez-Jurado, J. A., Leon-Prados, J. A., Santalla, A., & Suarez-Arrones, L. (2015). Relationships between rating-of-perceived-exertion- and heart-rate-derived internal training load in professional soccer players: a comparison of on-field integrated training sessions. Int J Sports Physiol Perform, 10(5), 587-592.

Clarke, N., Farthing, J. P., Norris, S. R., Arnold, B. E., & Lanovaz, J. L. (2013). Quantification of training load in Canadian football: application of session-RPE in collision-based team sports. J Strength Cond Res, 27(8), 2198-2205.

Cummins, C., Orr, R. & O’Connor, H. (2013). Global positioning systems (GPS) and microtechnology sensors in team sports: a systematic review. Sports Med, 43(10), 1025-42.

Dellal, A. Drust, B. & Lago-Penas, C., (2012). Variation of activity demands in small-sided soccer games. Int J Sports Med, 33, 370-375.

Dellal, A., da Silva, C. D., Hill-Haas, S., Wong del, P., Natali, A. J., De Lima, J. R., . . . Karim, C. (2012). Heart rate monitoring in soccer: interest and limits during competitive match play and training, practical application. J Strength Cond Res, 26(10), 2890-2906.

Di Salvo, V., Baron, R., Tschan, H., Calderon Montero, F. J., Bachl, N., & Pigozzi, F. (2007). Performance characteristics according to playing position in elite soccer. Int J Sports Med, 28(3), 222-227.

Di Salvo, V., Gregson, W., Atkinson, G., Tordoff, P., & Drust, B. (2009). Analysis of high intensity activity in Premier League soccer. Int J Sports Med, 30(3), 205-212.

Foster, C., Florhaug, J. A., Franklin, J., Gottschall, L., Hrovatin, L. A., Parker, S., . . . Dodge, C. (2001). A new approach to monitoring exercise training. J Strength Cond Res, 15(1), 109-115.

Hopkins, W. G. (2006). Spreadsheets for analysis of controlled trials, with adjustment for a subject characteristics. SportScience, 10, 46-50

Impellizzeri, F. M., Rampinini, E., Coutts, A. J., Sassi, A., & Marcora, S. M. (2004). Use of RPE-based training load in soccer. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 36(6), 1042-1047.

Jeong, T. S., Reilly, T., Morton, J., Bae, S. W., & Drust, B. (2011). Quantification of the physiological loading of one week of "pre-season" and one week of "in-season" training in professional soccer players. J Sports Sci, 29(11), 1161-1166.

Los Arcos, A., Gil-Rey, E., Izcue, I., & Yanci, J. (2013). Monitoring training load in young professional soccer players. AGON Int J Sport Sci, 3(1), 13-21.

Los Arcos, A., Mendez-Villanueva, A., Yanci, J., & Martinez-Santos, R. (2016). Respiratory and Muscular Perceived Exertion During Official Games in Professional Soccer Players. Int J Sports Physiol Perform, 11(3), 301-304.

Malone, J. J., Di Michele, R., Morgans, R., Burgess, D., Morton, J. P., & Drust, B. (2015). Seasonal training-load quantification in elite English premier league soccer players. Int J Sports Physiol Perform, 10(4), 489-497.

Metaxas, T. I., Koutlianos, N., Sendelides, T., & Mandroukas, A. (2009). Preseason physiological profile of soccer and basketball players in different divisions. J Strength Cond Res, 23(6), 1704-1713.

Murillo, V., Alvarez, J., & Manomelles, P. (2016). Control de las cargas de entrenamiento a través de la percepción subjetiva. Predicción de la frecuencia cardíaca. Retos, 30(2º semestre), 82-86.

Owen, O., Djaoui, L., Newton, M., Malone, S., & Mendes, B. (2017). A contemporary multi-modal mechanical approach to training monitoring in elite professional soccer. Science Med Football. Ahead of print.

Rampinini, E., Coutts, A. J., Castagna, C., Sassi, R., & Impellizzeri, F. M. (2007). Variation in top level soccer match performance. Int J Sports Med, 28(12), 1018-1024.

Sampaio, J., Abrantes, C., & Leite, N. (2009). Power, heart rate and perceived exertion responses to 3 x 3 and 4 x 4 basketball small-sided games. Rev Psicol Dep, 18, 443-467.

Scott, B. R., Lockie, R. G., Davies, S. J. G., Clark, A. C., Lynch, D. M., & de Jonge, X. A. K. (2014). The Physical demands of professional soccer players during in-season field-based training and match-play. Journal of Australian Strength and Conditioning, 22(4), 7-15.

Wrigley, R., Drust, B., Stratton, G., Scott, M., & Gregson, W. (2012). Quantification of the typical weekly in-season training load in elite junior soccer players. J Sports Sci, 30(15), 1573-1580.


Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.