Juegos tradicionales para mejorar la forma física: estudio experimental con alumnos de primaria (Traditional games for physical fitness: an experimental study on elementary school students)

Autores/as

  • Irvan Septianto Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta
  • Sumaryanti Sumaryanti Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta
  • Ahmad Nasrulloh Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta
  • Sulistiyono Sulistiyono Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta
  • Hartman Nugraha Universitas Negeri Jakarta
  • Masnur Ali Universitas Negeri Jakarta
  • Aria Malik Ramadhani Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta
  • Julian Dewantara Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta
  • Nida Haniyyah Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta
  • Fauzi Fauzi Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta
  • Didi Suryadi Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0206-9197
  • Roy Ardian Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta
  • Subarjo Subarjo Universitas Tanjungpura

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v54.104177

Palabras clave:

Physical Fitness, Traditional Games, Students, Elementary School

Resumen

Mantener una forma física óptima es crucial para que los estudiantes combatan la fatiga durante las actividades, lo que les permite concentrarse en sus estudios durante el proceso de aprendizaje en la escuela. Por consiguiente, la buena forma física es un aspecto fundamental de la salud que merece una cuidadosa consideración. El objetivo de este estudio es mejorar las capacidades de los estudiantes y promover una buena forma física mediante la utilización de juegos tradicionales. La investigación empleó un diseño pre-experimental con un enfoque pretest-post-test de un grupo. Los resultados del tratamiento demostraron un valor de significación de 0,000, lo que indica un notable aumento de la forma física de los alumnos después de participar en actividades de aprendizaje mediante juegos tradicionales. Esta mejora se atribuye a los juegos tradicionales, que implican eficazmente a los niños en el aprendizaje, fomentando la participación activa y contribuyendo a la mejora de la forma física. Por consiguiente, la conceptualización del aprendizaje físico en el marco de los juegos tradicionales demuestra ser aplicable y eficaz.

Palabras clave: Forma física, Juegos tradicionales, Escuela primaria, Juegos infantiles

Abstract. Maintaining optimal physical fitness is crucial for students to combat fatigue during activities, allowing them to concentrate on their studies during the learning process at school. Consequently, physical fitness is a fundamental aspect of health that warrants careful consideration. The objective of this study is to enhance students' abilities and promote good physical fitness through the utilization of traditional games. The research employed a pre-experimental design with a one-group pretest-posttest approach. Modified traditional games, including sodor carts, fish nets, and balloon racing, were applied as the treatment.The results of the treatment demonstrated a significance value of 0.000, indicating a notable increase in students' physical fitness after engaging in learning activities through traditional games. This improvement is attributed to the traditional games, which effectively engage children in learning, fostering active participation and contributing to the enhancement of physical fitness. Consequently, the conceptualization of physical learning within the framework of traditional games proves to be applicable and effective.

Keywords: Physical Fitness, Traditional Games, Elementary School, Children's Games

Biografía del autor/a

Didi Suryadi , Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta

 

 

Citas

Abels, K. W., & Bridges, J. M. (2010). Teaching movement education: Foundations for active lifestyles. Human Kinetics.

Angulo, J., Assar, M. El, Álvarez-Bustos, A., & Rodríguez-Mañas, L. (2020). Physical activity and exercise: Strategies to manage frailty. Redox Biology, 35, 101513. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.redox.2020.101513

Arif, Y. (2020). Identification Of Jasmani Physical Fitness Through (TKJI) Children Age 10-12 Years In Class V Students Of SD Inpres Bertingkat Kelapa Lima 1, 2 And 3 Kupang Cities. Kinestetik : Jurnal Imiah Pendidikan Jasmani, 4(2), 18–24. https://doi.org/10.33369/jk.v4i2.11430

Athaya, H., Dewantara, J., Husein, M., Taiar, R., Malek, N. F. A., & Shukla, M. (2023). Analysis of physical fitness in students: a comparative study based on social status. Tanjungpura Journal of Coaching Research, 1(3), 71–78. https://doi.org/10.26418/tajor.v1i3.66542

Aziz, I., Okilanda, A., Permadi, A. A., Tjahyanto, T., Prabowo, T. A., Rozi, M. F., Suganda, M. A., & Suryadi, D. (2023). Correlational study: Sports Students’ special test results and basic athletic training learning outcomes. Retos, 49, 519–524. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v49.98820

Aziz, I., Okilanda, A., Rozi, M. F., Suganda, M. A., & Suryadi, D. (2023). Results of Special Tests on Sports Students: Does It Have a Relationship with Learning Outcomes of Basic Athletic Practice? International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences, 11(3), 676–682. https://doi.org/0.13189/saj.2023.110322

Baek, K.-W., Jeon, T.-B., Yoo, J.-I., Park, J. S., & Kim, J.-S. (2020). Effects of Exercise on Physical Fitness and Strength According to the Frailty Level of Female Elderly with Hypertension. Exercise Science, 29(4), 368–376. https://doi.org/10.15857/ksep.2020.29.4.368

Bo, Y. (2023). Effects of intermittent soccer training on physical endurance in university students. 29, 1–4.

Bompa, T., & Buzzichelli, C. (2015). Periodization training for sports: Human Kinetics Champaign.

Bravo, D. F., Impellizzeri, F. M., Rampinini, E., Castagna, C., Bishop, D., & Wisloff, U. (2008). Sprint vs. interval training in football. Int J Sports Med, 29(8), 668–674.

Buchman, A. S., Boyle, P. A., Leurgans, S. E., Evans, D. A., & Bennett, D. A. (2009). Pulmonary Function, Muscle Strength, and Incident Mobility Disability in Elders. Proceedings of the American Thoracic Societ. https://doi.org/10.1513/pats.200905-030RM

Butler, J., & Griffin, L. (2010). More teaching games for understanding: Moving globally. Human Kinetics.

Cocca, A., Verdugo, F. E., Cuenca, L. T. R., & Cocca, M. (2020). Effect of a game-based physical education program on physical fitness and mental health in elementary school children. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134883

Faude, O., Steffen, A., Kellmann, M., & Meyer, T. (2014). The effect of short-term interval training during the competitive season on physical fitness and signs of fatigue: a crossover trial in high-level youth football players. Int J Sports Physiol Perform, 9(6), 936-44.

Gipit Charles, M. A., Abdullah, M. R., Musa, R. M., Kosni, N. A., & Maliki, A. B. H. M. (2017). The effectiveness of traditional games intervention program in the improvement of form one school-age children’s motor skills related performance components. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 17, 925–930. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2017.s3141

Gipit, M. A., Abdullah, M. R., Musa, R. M., Kosni, N. A., & Maliki, A. B. H. M. (2017). The effect of traditional games intervention programme in the enhancement school-age children’s motor skills: A preliminary study. Malaysian Journal of Movement, Health & Exercise, 6(2), 157–169. https://doi.org/10.15282/mohe.v6i2.142

Gómez-Molina, J., Ogueta-Alday, A., Camara, J., Stickley, C., & García-lópez, J. (2018). Effect of 8 weeks of concurrent plyometric and running training on spatiotemporal and physiological variables of novice runners. European Journal of Sport Science, 18(2), 162–169. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2017.1404133

González-Fernández, F. T., González-Víllora, S., Baena-Morales, S., Pastor-Vicedo, J. C., Clemente, F. M., Badicu, G., & Murawska-Ciałowicz, E. (2021). Effect of Physical Exercise Program Based on Active Breaks on Physical Fitness and Vigilance Performance. Biology, 10(11), 1151. https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10111151

Goodway, J. D., Ozmun, J. C., & Gallahue, D. L. (2019). Understanding Motor Development: Infants, Children, Adolescents, Adults (Eighth Edi). Jones & Bartlett Learning, 5 Wall Street Burlington.

Gustian, U. (2021). Effectiveness of Traditional Games In Stimulating Elementary School Student Motor Skill Development. Jurnal Pendidikan Jasmani Dan Olahraga, 6(1), 75–80. https://doi.org/10.17509/jpjo.v6i1.27026

Haïdara, Y., Okilanda, A., Dewintha, R., & Suryadi, D. (2023). Analysis of students’ basic basketball skills: A comparative study of male and female students. Tanjungpura Journal of Coaching Research, 1(1), 1–5. https://doi.org/10.26418/tajor.v1i1.63796

Hardinata, R., B, P. S., Okilanda, A., Tjahyanto, T., Prabowo, T. A., Rozi, M. F., Suganda, M. A., & Suryadi, D. (2023). Analysis of the physical condition of soccer athletes through the yo-yo test: a survey study on preparation for the provincial sports week. Retos, 50, 1091–1097. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v50.100300

Hardinata, R., Gustian, U., & Perdana, R. P. (2021). The Effectiveness of the Triangle Run Exercise Method in Improving Aerobic Resistance Soccer Player. JUARA : Jurnal Olahraga, 6(1), 115–124. https://doi.org/10.33222/juara.v6i1.1180

Hardinata, R., Yosika, G. F., Haïdara, Y., Perdana, R. P., Gustian, U., Suryadi, D., Sacko, M., & Abidin, M. Z. (2023). Project Based Learning Model: Can It Improve Dribbling Skills In Soccer Games? Indonesian Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science, 3(1), 69–80. https://doi.org/10.52188/ijpess.v3i1.387

Harianto, E., Gustian, U., Supriatna, E., Shalaby, M. N., & Taiar, R. (2023). Stimulating game performance skills in students: experimental studies using net games. Tanjungpura Journal of Coaching Research, 1(2), 63–70. https://doi.org/10.26418/tajor.v1i2.65009

Kusuma, I. K. H. W., Asmawi, M., Hernawan, H., Dlis, F., Widiastuti, W., & Kanca, I. N. (2021). A Study of Learning Physical Fitness Activities Based on Traditional Balinese Sports Games for Students’ Physical Fitness. International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences. https://doi.org/10.13189/saj.2021.090525

Liu, T., Wang, Sun, J., Chen, W., Meng, L., Li, J., Cao, M., Liu, Q., & Chen, C. (2022). The Effects of an Integrated Exercise Intervention on the Attenuation of Frailty in Elderly Nursing Homes: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trail. The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging, 26(3), 222–229. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12603-022-1745-4

Lobstein, T., Jackson-Leach, R., Moodie, M. L., Hall, K. D., Gortmaker, S. L., Swinburn, B. A., James, W. P. T., Wang, Y., & McPherson, K. (2015). Child and adolescent obesity: part of a bigger picture. The Lancet, 385(9986), 2510–2520. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(14)61746-3

Manchado, C., Cortell-Tormo, J. M., & Tortosa-Martínez, J. (2018). Effects of two different training periodization models on physical and physiological aspects of elite female team handball players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 32(1), 280–287. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000002259

Mashud, Arifin, S., Kristiyandaru, A., Samodra, Y. T. J., Santika, I. G. P. N. A., & Suryadi, D. (2023). Integration of project based learning models with interactive multimedia: Innovative efforts to improve student breaststroke swimming skills. Physical Education of Students, 27(3), 118–125. https://doi.org/10.15561/20755279.2023.0304

Mashud, M., Arifin, S., Warni, H., Samodra, Y. T. J., Yosika, G. F., Basuki, S., Suryadi, D., & Suyudi, I. (2024). Physical Fitness: Effects of active lifestyle internalization through physical literacy awarenes based project. Retos, 51, 1299–1308. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v51.101662

Mashud, Warni, H., Putra, M. F. P., Haris, M. Al, Samodra, Y. T. J., Tantri, A., Kristiyandaru, A., & Suryadi, D. (2023). Integrating the Project-Based Learning and the Inclusive Teaching Style: An Innovation to Improve Freestyle Swimming Skills. International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences, 11(5), 956–964. https://doi.org/10.13189/saj.2023.110503

Merino-Campos, C., & Del Castillo Fernández, H. (2016). The Benefits of Active Video Games for Educational and Physical Activity Approaches: A Systematic Review. Journal of New Approaches in Educational Research, 5(2), 115–122. https://doi.org/10.7821/naer.2016.7.164

Neiva, H. P., Faíl, L. B., Izquierdo, M., Marques, M. C., & Marinho, D. A. (2018). The effect of 12 weeks of water-aerobics on health status and physical fitness: An ecological approach. PLoS ONE. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0198319

Perdana, R. P., Supriatna, E., Yanti, N., & Suryadi, D. (2023). Team Game Tournament (TGT)-type cooperative learning model: How does it affect the learning outcomes of football shooting? Edu Sportivo: Indonesian Journal of Physical Education, 4(1), 86–96. https://doi.org/10.25299/es:ijope.2023.vol4(1).12130

Read, P. J., Oliver, J. L., De Ste Croix, M. B. A., Myer, G. D., & Lloyd, R. S. (2016). Neuromuscular Risk Factors for Knee and Ankle Ligament Injuries in Male Youth Soccer Players. Sports Medicine, 46(8), 1059–1066. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-016-0479-z

Ren, Y., Lin, C., Zhou, Q., Yingyuan, Z., Wang, G., & Lu, A. (2023). Effectiveness of virtual reality games in improving physical function, balance and reducing falls in balance-impaired older adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 108, 104924. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2023.104924

Rubiyatno, Perdana, R. P., Fallo, I. S., Arifin, Z., Nusri, A., Suryadi, D., Suganda, M. A., & Fauziah, E. (2023). Analysis of differences in physical fitness levels of extracurricular futsal students: Survey studies on urban and rural environments. Pedagogy of Physical Culture and Sports, 27(3), 208–214. https://doi.org/10.15561/26649837.2023.0304

Samodra, Y. T. J., Suryadi, D., Wati, I. D. P., Supriatna, E., Santika, I. G. P. N. A., Suganda, M. A., & Dewi, P. C. P. (2023). Analysis of gross motoric analysis of elementary school students: A comparative study of students in hill and coastal areas. Pedagogy of Physical Culture and Sports, 27(2), 139–145. https://doi.org/0.15561/26649837.2023.0206

Suganda, M. A., Soegiyanto, Setyawati, H., Rahayu, S., & Rustiadi, T. (2023). Development of physical fitness tests for early childhood 4–6 years. Fizjoterapia Polska, 23(1), 40–49. https://doi.org/10.56984/8ZG07B6FF

Suherman, W. S., Dapan, D., Guntur, G., & Muktiani, N. R. (2019). Development of a traditional children game based instructional model to optimize kindergarteners’fundamental motor skill. Jurnal Cakrawala Pendidikan, 38(2), 356–365. https://doi.org/10.21831/cp.v38i2.25289

Supriatna, E., Suryadi, D., Haetam, M., & Yosika, G. F. (2023). Analysis of the Endurance Profile (Vo2max) of Women’s Volleyball Athletes: Yo-yo intermittent test level 1. Indonesian Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science (IJPESS), 3(1), 12–19. https://doi.org/10.52188/ijpess.v3i1.369

Suryadi, D., Komaini, A., Suganda, M. A., Rubiyatno, R., Faridah, E., Fauzan, L. A., Fauziah, E., Putra, M. E., & Ayubi, N. (2024). Sports Health in Older Age: Prevalence and Risk Factors - Systematic Review. Retos, 53, 390–399. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v53.102654

Suryadi, D., Nasrulloh, A., Yanti, N., Ramli, R., Fauzan, L. A., Kushartanti, B. W., Sumaryanti, S., Suhartini, B., Budayati, E. S., Arovah, N. I., Mashud, M., Suganda, M. A., Sumaryanto, S., Sutapa, P., Abdullah, N. M. bin, & Fauziah, E. (2024). Stimulation of motor skills through game models in early childhood and elementary school students: systematic review in Indonesia. Retos, 51, 1255–1261. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v51.101743

Suryadi, D., Samodra, Y. T. J., Gustian, U., Yosika, G. F., B, P. S., Dewintha, R., & Saputra, E. (2023). Problem-based learning model: Can it improve learning outcomes for long serve in badminton. Edu Sportivo: Indonesian Journal of Physical Education, 4(1), 29–36. https://doi.org/10.25299/es:ijope.2023.vol4(1).10987

Tandon, P. S., Tovar, A., Jayasuriya, A. T., Welker, E., Schober, D. J., Copeland, K., Dev, D. A., Murriel, A. L., Amso, D., & Ward, D. S. (2016). The relationship between physical activity and diet and young children’s cognitive development: A systematic review. Preventive Medicine Reports, 3, 379–390. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2016.04.003

Tantri, A., Aprial, B., Mashud, M., Kristyandaru, A., Basuki, S., Samodra, Y. T. J., Warni, H., Arifin, S., Wati, I. D. P., Thamrin, L., & Suryadi, D. (2023). Modification of interactive multimedia with the ARA MODEL: study of development of football learning models in pandemic times. Retos, 50, 1289–1298. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v50.100587

Telles, S., Reddy, S. K., & Nagendra, H. R. (2019). A European strategy for low-emission mobility. Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling, 53(9), 1689–1699. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004

Tettero, O. M., Aronson, T., Wolf, R. J., Nuijten, M. A. H., Hopman, M. T. E., & Janssen, I. M. C. (2018). Increase in physical activity after bariatric surgery demonstrates improvement in weight loss and cardiorespiratory fitness. Obesity Surgery, 28(12), 3950–3957. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11695-018-3439-x

Umar, U., Okilanda, A., Suganda, M. A., Mardesia, P., Suryadi, D., Wahyuni, D., Widyastuti, S. R., Samodra, Y. T. J., & Kurniawan, F. (2023). Blended learning and online learning with project-based learning: Do they affect cognition and psycho-motor learning achievement in physical conditions? Retos, 50(556–565). https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v50.99965

Van Eetvelde, H., Mendonça, L. D., Ley, C., Seil, R., & Tischer, T. (2021). Machine learning methods in sport injury prediction and prevention: a systematic review. Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics, 8(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40634-021-00346-x

Vasileios, A., Athanasios, S., Antoniοs, S., Nikos, G., & Giorgos, P. (2018). The increase of vo2 max variation and the specific biochemical parameters in soccer players after a pre-season training program. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 18(2), 686–694. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2018.02100

Yen, H.-Y., & Chiu, H.-L. (2021). Virtual Reality Exergames for Improving Older Adults’ Cognition and Depression: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Control Trials. Journal of American Medical Directors Association, 22(5), 995–1002. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jamda.2021.03.009

Zhan, C., & Cui, P. (2023). Impacts of weight training on physical fitness in table tennis. Revista Brasileira de Medicina Do Esporte. https://doi.org/10.1590/1517-8692202329012023_0036

Descargas

Publicado

2024-05-01

Cómo citar

Septianto, I., Sumaryanti, S., Nasrulloh, A., Sulistiyono, S., Nugraha, H., Ali, M., Ramadhani, A. M., Dewantara, J., Haniyyah, N., Fauzi, F., Suryadi, D., Ardian, R., & Subarjo, S. (2024). Juegos tradicionales para mejorar la forma física: estudio experimental con alumnos de primaria (Traditional games for physical fitness: an experimental study on elementary school students). Retos, 54, 122–128. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v54.104177

Número

Sección

Artículos de carácter científico: trabajos de investigaciones básicas y/o aplicadas

Artículos más leídos del mismo autor/a

1 2 3 4 5 > >>